The ruddy-breasted crake (Porzana fusca), or ruddy crake, is a waterbird in the rail and crake family Rallidae.



Its breeding habitat is swamps and similar wet areas across south Asia from the Indian subcontinent east to south China, Japan and Indonesia. It has been recorded as a vagrant from the Australian territory of Christmas Island. This crake nests in a dry location on the ground in marsh vegetation, laying 6-9 eggs. It is mainly a permanent resident throughout its range, but some northern populations migrate further south in winter.

The ruddy-breasted crake is about 22–23 cm long. The body is flattened laterally to allow easier passage through the reeds or undergrowth. It has long toes and a short tail. Coloring includes a pale brown back and chestnut head and underparts, with white barring on the flanks and undertail. The bill is yellowish, and the eyes, legs, and feet are red.

The sexes are similar, but juveniles are dark brown with some white spotting.

These birds probe in mud or shallow water and also pick up food by sight. They forage for shoots, berries and insects, as well as large snails, which they eat by using their bills to peck through the hard shell.

Ruddy-breasted crakes are territorial, but are quite secretive, hiding amongst grassy shrubs and bushes when disturbed.
Ruddy-breasted Crake
Date Location Count
2021-02-04 12:56Nalsarovar Outskirts--Aniyali1
2021-03-01 18:23Limbasi-Vastana Rd1
2021-02-08 17:54Vishal's birding ditch4
2021-02-13 09:55Kotha Talav1
2021-02-14 08:23Timbi Lake1
2021-02-21 06:15Bhandup Pumping Station -- creek mudflats1
2021-02-07 17:00Satpool Wetlands1
2021-02-27 08:00Bhopar grasslands, Thane1
2021-02-08 16:00Gandhari Forest Land1
2021-02-15 14:19Hokersar Wetland1
2021-02-12 15:10Flood Channel Alamdar colony3
2021-02-11 08:11Nandur Madhyameshwar Bird Sanctuary2
2021-02-28 07:33Kenjar Wetlands, Mangalore1
2021-02-14 17:55Mangalore University--Main Campus1
2021-02-27 08:00Budhera WTP, Gurgaon1
2021-02-21 08:30Chandu Najafgarh drain area Hr/IN1
2021-02-07 09:49Cheruthazham Vayal1
2021-03-02 07:08Ezhome1
2021-03-02 15:05Kattampally1
2021-02-06 07:28Bharatpur--Keoladeo Ghana NP1
2021-02-10 07:49Ankasamudra Bird Sanctuary ಅಂಕಸಮುದ್ರ ಪಕ್ಷಿಧಾಮ1
2021-02-12 16:59Wildlife Institute of India Campus1
2021-02-05 11:48Periyapattana Chikere ಪಿರಿಯಾಪಟ್ಟಣ ಚಿಕ್ಕೆರೆ1
2021-02-11 08:33Mysore City Bird Atlas 19A, Kukkarahalli kere ಕುಕ್ಕರಹಳ್ಳಿ ಕೆರೆ1
2021-02-15 17:51Indraprastha ಇಂದ್ರಪ್ರಸ್ಥ1
2021-02-13 17:11Muddahalli--Mooganakere ಮುದ್ದಹಳ್ಳಿ--ಮೂಗನಕೆರೆ1
2021-02-13 06:21Melekote lake, Tumkur3
2021-02-12 07:20Krishnampathi Lake, Seeranaickenpalayam1
2021-02-21 07:30Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary1
2021-02-06 07:45Hesaraghatta Kere1
2021-02-08 15:15Doddabommasandra Kere1
2021-02-15 07:29Yelahanka Kere1
2021-02-16 15:30Dodda Begur Kere1
2021-02-10 15:55Kasavanahalli Kere3
2021-02-17 15:01Akkulam Lake1
2021-03-02 07:01Anekal Dodda Kere1
2021-02-12 08:10Muthanallur Kere1
2021-02-13 07:00Springdale lake, Karakambadi road, Tirupati1
2021-02-18 07:52Osudu Lake1
2021-02-19 06:30Pallikaranai Marsh--Karapakkam2
2021-02-28 07:00Sholinganallur/Perumbakkam Marshlands2
2021-02-28 07:30Santra Tank, Matang, Chhattisgarh, IN (21.052, 81.462)1
2021-02-10 07:40Gidhwa Tank1
2021-02-01 17:05Gidhwa Tank1
2021-02-14 15:15Kopra Dam1
2021-02-13 09:31Matara--Kirala Kele Sanctuary1
2021-02-13 14:09Chilika Lake--Mangalajodi1
2021-02-14 06:22Mangalajodi Wetlands
2021-03-01 14:30Baruipur Marshes1
2021-02-15 07:30Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary (CKBS)1
2021-02-21 07:00Rajarhat Wetlands I2
2021-02-13 06:42Munia Zone (Rajarhat)3
2021-02-16 14:42Manas National Park--Mathanguri1
2021-02-14 06:00Manas NP--Bhuyanpara Range Office2
2021-02-27 08:30Tanguar Haor3
2021-02-14 14:36Manas NP--Sewali to Teklai camp1
2021-02-20 06:00Manas NP--Bhuyanpara (Eastern Range)1
2021-02-02 09:00Baikka Beel Wetland Sanctuary1
2021-02-12 10:33Orang National Park2
2021-02-28 06:41Sippighat-21
2021-02-02 07:34Garacharma Wetlands1
2021-02-26 14:50Maguri Grassland1
2021-02-22 07:06Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary1
2021-02-26 06:54Chiang Mai University--Mae Hia Agricultural College1
2021-02-17 14:39Ban Khlong Huai Sai1
2021-02-10 14:30洱海月湿地公园 (Er'hai Moon Lake Park)1
2021-03-02 06:50Bor Rae Pond1
2021-02-10 07:00Sirinat NP--Naiyang wetlands1
2021-02-11 16:45Tha Pha scrub and reedbeds1
2021-02-11 07:01Don Sai reedbeds and aquaculture ponds (Photharam District)1
2021-02-28 16:30Bo Kradan paddies1
2021-02-25 08:45Laem Son pools1
2021-02-09 10:12Chom Prathat paddies1
2021-02-11 07:59Wat Kaeo reedbeds and aquaculture ponds2
2021-02-09 07:09Praek Nam Daeng--Soi Praek Nam Daeng 6 marshes and aquaculture ponds1
2021-02-27 06:53Sa Si Mum--Noodle House Restaurant marshes1
2021-02-11 10:20Wang Yen reedbeds and aquaculture ponds1
2021-02-13 09:25Wat Bot paddies and reedbeds (Suphan Buri)2
2021-02-13 08:51Bang Plap--aquaculture ponds and reedbeds along Song Phi Nong Canal1
2021-02-07 11:00Nong Pla Lai--Km.6 on Hwy.1023 ("Eagle viewing point") vicinity1
2021-02-13 10:16Makham Lom paddies and reedbeds1
2021-02-14 07:46Bueng Ban Pho1
2021-02-27 07:46Huai Muang--paddies and aquaculture ponds south of Hwy. 32312
2021-02-07 07:00Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area--Waterbird Park1
2021-02-07 07:07Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area (general area)1
2021-02-26 11:34Bang Tabun Ok "Duck & Ibis" Lake1
2021-02-12 17:45Bang Yai--paddies and reedbeds west of Bang Mae Mai Canal1
2021-02-26 17:11Khlong Rang Tong wetlands2
2021-02-28 18:07Bang Yai--paddies and reedbeds surrounding Bang Yai Canal1
2021-02-28 08:19Nin Phet--paddies and reedbeds west of Yipun Canal1
2021-02-25 17:14Pak Thale Nature Reserve (general area)1
2021-02-18 15:51Khao Sam Roi Yot NP (general area)6
2021-02-02 11:51Nong Prang2
2021-02-19 11:50Maharat Buddhist Park1
2021-02-02 17:46Ban Khwang--paddies and marshes south of Hwy. 32671
2021-02-14 07:44Pathum Thani Rice Research Center2
2021-02-08 07:03Bang Kaew – Bang Phli Yai marshes and aquaculture ponds1
2021-02-28 07:00Lat Krabang--Thap Yao paddies & aquaculture ponds1
2021-02-08 10:46Hom Sin--reedbeds on Charanyanon Rd.1
2021-02-16 07:45Pulau Burung Landfill1
2021-02-10 10:34Nong Rahok Reservoir1
2021-02-27 06:03Kaeng Lawa--"the stakeout bridge" vicinity1
2021-03-01 06:37Kaeng Lawa (general area)2
2021-02-18 17:15Jurong Lake Gardens (inc. Chinese Garden and Japanese Garden)1
2021-02-11 11:57Holland Plain1
2021-02-27 07:15Bukit Brown Cemetery1
2021-02-27 08:03Lorong Halus Wetland (inc. Serangoon Reservoir and former 'Serangoon')1
2021-02-19 17:20Pasir Ris Farmway 3 (inc. Pasir Ris Farmway 2)1
2021-02-05 08:07Pulau Ubin1
2021-02-09 13:05Mai Po Nature Reserve1
2021-02-13 09:36嘉義鰲鼓濕地IBA--西堤(Aogu Wetland IBA--West Area)1
2021-02-28 14:07嘉義鰲鼓濕地IBA--全區(Aogu Wetland IBA)(New)1
2021-02-27 15:30嘉義鰲鼓濕地IBA--南堤(Aogu Wetland IBA--South Area)4
2021-02-16 07:00高雄茄萣濕地IBA--主要濕地(Qieding Wetland IBA--Main Wetland)1
2021-03-01 15:19台南--小南海風景區(Tainan--Small South China Sea Scenic Area)1
2021-02-26 09:21高雄--大寮拷潭(Kaohsiung--Daliao Kaotan)1
2021-02-26 06:44台中--高美濕地IBA (Taichung--Gaomei Wetland IBA)1
2021-02-14 08:04台中--外埔忘憂谷(Taichuang--Waipu Wanyo Valley)2
2021-03-02 15:03屏東--東港溪老埤段(Pingtung--Donggang River Laopi Section)1
2021-02-21 10:14新竹濱海IBA--港南金城湖(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Gangnan Jincheng Lake)1
2021-02-13 07:29新竹濱海IBA--水資源公園(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Water Resources Park)1
2021-02-22 07:30新竹濱海IBA--港南全區(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Gangnan)1
2021-02-09 09:03新竹濱海IBA--天府路(Hsinchu Coast IBA--Tianfu Road)2
2021-02-15 06:15Cabayaoasan Ponds, Bugallon1
2021-02-11 15:25桃園大坪頂與許厝港IBA--廣興堂(Dapingding and Xucuogang IBA--Guangxingtang)2
2021-03-01 12:42台北關渡IBA--全區(含自然公園、保留區、島頭公園)(Guandu IBA)1
2021-02-28 12:20台北關渡IBA--自然公園西南區(Guandu IBA--Nature Park SW Area)1
2021-03-02 15:23台北--北投貴子坑大排(Taipei--Beitou Guizikeng Drainage Canal)2
2021-03-01 12:06台北--番仔溝→貴子坑大排(Taipei--Fanzaigou to Guizikeng Drainage Canal)[台北鳥會例行路線(WBST Birdwatching Route)]1
2021-02-09 16:50宜蘭--羅東林場(Yilan--Luodong Forestry Culture Garden)3
2021-02-04 09:00宜蘭竹安IBA--釣鱉池(Zhu'an IBA--Diaobie Ponds)1
2021-02-25 09:08宜蘭竹安IBA--下埔(Zhu'an IBA--Xiapu)1
2021-02-28 17:10宜蘭--頂寮生態公園(Yilan--Dingliao Ecological Park)1
2021-03-01 12:03台北--田寮洋濕地(Taipei--Tianliaoyang Wetland)1
2021-02-09 13:00横浜市--舞岡公園 (Yokohama--Maioka Park)1
2021-02-12 07:59江戸川区--葛西臨海公園・葛西海浜公園 (Edogawa Ward--Kasai Rinkai Park / Kasai Kaihin Park)2