The western kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis) is a large tyrant flycatcher.

Adults are grey-olive on the upperparts with a grey head and a dark line through the eyes; the underparts are light becoming light orange-yellow on the lower breast and belly. They have a long black tail with white outer feathers. Western kingbirds also have a reddish crown that they only display during courtship and confrontations with other species.



The Western Kingbird is very similar to and easily confused with Cassin's kingbird, Couch's kingbird and the tropical kingbird, all of which overlap the western kingbird's range to some extent. The western, however, is generally lighter in coloration and can be distinguished from these species by the black squared tail with white outer webs, as well as voice.

Their breeding habitat is open areas in western North America. The increase in trees throughout the Great Plains during the past century due to fire suppression and tree planting facilitated the range expansion of the western kingbird as well as range expansions of many other species of birds. Kingbirds make a sturdy cup nest in a tree or shrub, sometimes on top of a pole or other man-made structure. Three to five eggs are laid and incubated for 12 to 14 days.

The name kingbird is derived from their "take-charge" behaviour. These birds aggressively defend their territory, even against much larger birds such as hawks.

These birds migrate in flocks to Florida and the Pacific coast of southern Mexico and Central America.

They wait on an open perch and fly out to catch insects in flight, sometimes hovering and then dropping to catch food on the ground. They also eat berries.

The song is a squeaky chatter, sometimes compared to a squeaky toy. The call is a sharp loud whit. It occasionally sings before sunrise.
Western Kingbird
Date Location Count
2020-10-27 10:47Okaloosa Holding Ponds (RESTRICTED ACCESS AREA)1
2020-10-04 08:15Clower Thornton Nature Trail1
2020-10-25 14:35Dauphin Island--Fort Gaines1
2020-10-18 09:16Howze Beach1
2020-10-26 14:50Rosebank Farms1
2020-10-22 07:30Hagerman NWR1
2020-10-15 06:10Craney Island Disposal Area (restricted access)1
2020-10-05 16:28Bald Point SP1
2020-10-02 08:36Oak Point Park, Plano1
2020-10-19 11:00MacArthur Park and Starleaf Street seasonal wetlands1
2020-10-24 12:40Dallas Southside WTP1
2020-10-21Cistercian Campus1
2020-10-01 06:31Chincoteague NWR--Wildlife Loop1
2020-10-14 07:45Assateague I. NS--Bayside Point1
2020-10-15 06:45Cape Island--Higbee Beach WMA--Dike/Morning Flight Songbird Count1
2020-10-08 06:25Cape Island--CMP--Coral Ave. dune crossing1
2020-10-07 09:09Cape Island--CMPSP--Hawkwatch Platform1
2020-10-07 07:33Cape Island--Cape May Point SP (CMPSP)1
2020-10-05 14:45Governors Island (open 15-Jul to 1-Nov'20)1
2020-10-17 09:42Fort Tilden1
2020-10-03 18:19Lake waco--Lacy Point area2
2020-10-13 07:31Lake Bryan (PPW-W 012)1
2020-10-03 06:45Robert Moses SP1
2020-10-08 11:01John Paul Landing Park--Environmental Education Center1
2020-10-08 11:44Katy Prairie--Sharp Rd area (Harris Co.)1
2020-10-03Arthur Storey Park1
2020-10-18 11:16Brazos River Park, Sugar Land1
2020-10-14 11:502800-2900 Bluewater Highway / Swan Court, Surfside Beach1
2020-10-15 17:01Quintana Xeriscape Park1
2020-10-15 07:10Quintana Neotropical Bird Sanctuary (UTC 121)1
2020-10-17 16:00Fort De Soto Park1
2020-10-25 08:45Inks Dam National Fish Hatchery1
2020-10-07 09:40Campbell Flat Rd.1
2020-10-05 09:30Dallam Co.--FM 297 feedlot1
2020-10-02 16:28Buffalo Lake NWR (PHP 039)1
2020-10-19 12:00Sherman's Farm, Conway1
2020-09-30 13:37Blucher Park (CTC 071)1
2020-10-22 17:08Scusset Beach State Reservation1
2020-10-16 12:17Hazel Bazemore Park (CTC 078)1
2020-10-02 09:21Hazel Bazemore Park Hawkwatch Platform1
2020-10-20 11:20A. D. Barnes Park1
2020-10-14 15:15Reef Golf Course - Freeport1
2020-10-24 08:30Everglades NP--Flamingo2
2020-09-28 10:30Carlsbad Caverns NP--Rattlesnake Springs2
2020-09-29 12:03Gage Gardens (FWTX 27), Marathon2
2020-10-01 09:59Chihuahuan Desert Research Institute (FWTX 21)1
2020-09-30 15:00Big Bend NP--Fossil Bone Exhibit area1
2020-10-07 14:18Guadalupe Mtns. NP--Salt Basin Dunes1
2020-10-04 09:15Los Poblanos Open Space1
2020-10-03 09:38Rio Grande Nature Center SP - bosque trails1
2020-10-01 07:00Coronado Country Club neighborhood, El Paso (limited access)1
2020-10-01 17:05Keystone Heritage Park (FWTX 6)1
2020-10-17 10:28La Mancha Wetlands & Rio Grande1
2020-10-23 13:54Mountain View Cemetery1
2020-10-20 10:51Presa Francisco I. Madero2
2020-09-30Paradise Cemetery1
2020-10-18 11:30Willcox--Lake Cochise and Twin Lakes Golf Course1
2020-10-17 13:15Whitewater Draw WA2
2020-10-17 06:30Pinal Mountains--Russell Gulch1
2020-10-17 08:25Benson STP1
2020-10-05 06:15San Pedro RNCA--San Pedro House and trails1
2020-10-02 08:30San Pedro RNCA--Hereford Bridge1
2020-09-29 06:25Casa de San Pedro B&B--Visitors Welcome1
2020-10-11 06:03Sierra Vista EOP2
2020-10-11 07:59Brown Canyon Ranch (opened 2011)1
2020-10-05 07:30Coronado National Memorial4
2020-10-20 15:15East End Dairy1
2020-10-21 08:10Agua Caliente Park1
2020-10-23 08:01Las Cienegas NCA--Cottonwood Tanks1
2020-10-15 07:30Lakeside Park2
2020-10-24 14:25Fort Lowell Park and Pantano Wash1
2020-10-20 12:30Escalante Park2
2020-10-12 08:43Himmel Park1
2020-10-12 17:05Reid Park1
2020-10-03 06:54Sam Lena Park and KERP1
2020-10-03 08:45Gardner Canyon Rd--Kingfisher Mudhole1
2020-10-24 09:05Silverlake Park1
2020-10-10 14:44Arthur Pack Regional Park1
2020-09-30 06:53Page Springs Fish Hatchery2
2020-10-13 06:36Santa Cruz River--Congress St. to Silverlake Rd.1
2020-10-24 07:24Sweetwater Wetlands2
2020-09-28 17:10Santa Cruz River--Ina Rd.1
2020-10-14 06:10Santa Cruz River--south end of Renaissance Dr.2
2020-10-02 12:22South Indian Agency Rd & Los Reales Rd2
2020-10-19 16:04Paton Center for Hummingbirds (Patons' Yard)1
2020-10-07 07:35Los Morteros Conservation Area1
2020-10-06 08:30Box Bar Recreation Site1
2020-10-10 08:15Laguna de San Gregorio Atlapulco1
2020-10-25 08:00Green Valley--Desert Meadows Park
2020-10-16 15:33Santa Cruz River--Sanders Rd.1
2020-10-20Anza Trail--Abrego Dr trailhead
2020-10-15 06:35Salt River--Granite Reef Recreation Area2
2020-10-23 07:52Canoa Ranch Conservation Park1
2020-10-11 10:15Kino Springs1
2020-10-17 10:44Amado WTP1
2020-10-10 07:05Nichols Park3
2020-10-27 06:57Riparian Preserve at Gilbert Water Ranch1
2020-10-13 13:00De Anza Trail--Tubac2
2020-10-13 07:02Santa Cruz River--Palo Parado Rd1
2020-10-10 13:36De Anza Trail--Carmen (Clark Crossing Rd)1
2020-10-15 06:57Higley and Ocotillo Rds. ponds2
2020-10-23 06:45Santa Gertrudis Lane (foot access only)1
2020-10-17 12:46Tumacacori NHP3
2020-09-29 09:23Rancho Santa Cruz1
2020-10-17 14:33Pesqueira Pit1
2020-10-17 16:10Rio Rico--Peck Canyon Dr2
2020-09-30 07:01Rousseau Sod Farm (restricted access)1
2020-10-13 13:00Veterans Oasis Park1
2020-10-01 06:49Santa Cruz Flats Travel Count3
2020-09-29 06:40Chaparral Park1
2020-10-26 11:49Evergreen Turf Sod Farm--Tweedy/Pretzer (bird from perimeter roads only)1
2020-10-08 07:15Indian School Park1
2020-10-18 06:30Pena Blanca Lake1
2020-10-05 16:01Onavas (pueblo)1
2020-10-26 15:40Riggs and Price Rds. ponds1
2020-10-02 09:34Santa Cruz Flats--Sunland Gin/Pearce1
2020-10-10 06:53Ruby (ghost town)3
2020-10-17 15:51Camino a Sima de las Cotorras1
2020-10-04 08:23Buenos Aires NWR--Arivaca Cienega3
2020-10-20 07:39Zona Arqueológica Xochicalco1
2020-10-01 17:55Parque La Colorado2
2020-09-29 10:30Glendale Recharge Ponds1
2020-10-04 07:32Base and Meridian WA1
2020-09-29 17:08Washington Fields - Hela Seegmiller Historic Farm1
2020-10-10 16:25stakeout Ruddy Ground Dove, W Hazen Rd (2018-2020)1
2020-09-30 15:29Arlington Wildlife Area1
2020-10-22 07:21Presa Abelardo L. Rodríguez1
2020-10-17 17:13Parque Pitic2
2020-10-11 08:22Centro Ecológico de Sonora1
2020-10-07 08:36Cerro de la Cruz10
2020-10-17 13:42Parque Ecológico de Tepic12
2020-10-11 08:20Laguna La Colorada6
2020-10-17 09:27Laguna de Tepeltitic2
2020-09-29 09:30Paloma Ranch2
2020-10-01 06:28Departamento de Agricultura y Ganaderia7
2020-10-01 07:55Spot Road Farm1
2020-10-01 06:23Dateland1
2020-10-01 08:50RNP Los Tarrales--sector Vesubio1
2020-10-09 07:27RNP Los Tarrales--sendero La Rinconada1
2020-10-21 07:30Finca El Amate7
2020-10-27 10:57Finca La Gracia4
2020-09-29 08:48Henderson Bird Viewing Preserve1
2020-10-17 15:49Zamorano Univ.--Campus Farms and River 740-815 msnm2
2020-10-18 07:00ANP La Ermita2
2020-10-25 06:08Sendero El Tinamú2
2020-10-17 06:04Bocana Río Jiboa2
2020-10-17 11:21Laguna de Olomega2
2020-10-13 02:00Reserva Natural Miraflor4
2020-10-10 13:30Niland1
2020-10-05 13:00Coachella Valley Preserve, Thousand Palms Oasis1
2020-10-04 11:00Desert Hot Springs--Mission Springs Park, water treatment plant, and adjacent school field1
2020-09-30 06:42Palm Springs--The Wellness Park/Ruth Hardy Park1
2020-10-02 06:45El Rosario (pueblo)3
2020-10-01 16:43Llano San Quintín--Fila Doble de Tamarisks2
2020-09-29 09:38San Jacinto Wildlife Area2
2020-09-28 11:36Parque Riviera, Ensenada2
2020-10-04 07:10Murrieta Hot Springs, Pond Park1
2020-10-06 10:23Arroyo San Carlos1
2020-10-03 07:21Santee Lakes2
2020-09-29 06:30Riverside--Sycamore Canyon Wilderness Park2
2020-10-07 08:50Harry Griffen Regional Park1
2020-10-01 08:55Del Dios Gorge Trail1
2020-10-03 16:30Mission San Diego de Alcala1
2020-10-05 10:10Laguna de La Salina1
2020-09-29 08:42Montgomery-Waller Park1
2020-09-29 08:10Guajome Regional Park1
2020-10-07 10:05Dairy Mart Rd.--south ponds1
2020-10-06 10:57Tijuana River Valley Regional Park--Community Gardens2
2020-10-08 10:00San Elijo Lagoon--La Orilla Trail3
2020-10-03 16:26Doyle Community Park1
2020-09-30 08:15Arroyo Rosarito--Desembocadura2
2020-10-01 16:31Buddy Todd Park1
2020-10-12 12:18Famosa Slough1
2020-09-30 11:15Camp Pendleton--southern region1
2020-10-07 11:15Laguna Niguel Regional Park1
2020-10-07 07:27North Lake (ORA Co.)1
2020-10-03 08:38El Dorado Regional Park--Area 31
2020-09-30 07:29El Dorado Regional Park--Area 22
2020-10-09 08:00El Dorado Regional Park--Nature Center1
2020-09-30 06:45Colorado Lagoon1
2020-10-03 14:20Long Beach Rec Park1
2020-09-28 12:54Deforest Wetlands--S end of Deforest Park to Del Amo2
2020-10-17 06:57Bagaces to Palo Verde road--Falconiana1
2020-10-26 09:38Bagatzí rice and cane fields1
2020-10-17 05:42Hacienda El Viejo Wetlands1
2020-10-03 08:45Henrietta Basin3
2020-10-03 06:48Sepulveda Basin Wildlife Reserve1
2020-10-13 15:30Anse à Pierre1
2020-10-14 14:10Saint-Pierre (village)1
2020-10-04 10:49Alto Barrantes, Santiago1
2020-09-28 16:00San Clemente Island--Wilson Cove (town)2
2020-10-06 11:24Arnold Road sod fields1
2020-10-10 13:40Arroyo Verde Park1
2020-10-15 08:00UCSB North Campus Open Space (formerly Ocean Meadows Golf Course)1
2020-09-28 12:51El Capitan SB1
2020-10-13 10:12O'Neill Forebay Wildlife Area1
2020-10-11 13:19Woodbridge Rd. (west)1
2020-10-18 08:00CSU Chico--University Farm1
2020-10-13 08:50Sycamore Slough Rd.1
2020-10-23 08:20Warm Springs vernal pools1
2020-09-29 08:51Byxbee Park1
2020-10-12 08:15Candlestick Pt. SRA1
2020-10-15 07:21Presidio--Battery Godfrey1
2020-10-03 11:48Las Gallinas Valley Sanitary District1
2020-10-20 13:00Fay Slough Wildlife Area1
2020-09-30 18:23Hammond1
2020-10-07Sitka (town)1