The American robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. It is named after the European robin because of its reddish-orange breast, though the two species are not closely related, with the European robin belonging to the Old World flycatcher family. The American robin is widely distributed throughout North America, wintering from southern Canada to central Mexico and along the Pacific Coast. It is the state bird of Connecticut, Michigan, and Wisconsin. According to some sources, the American robin ranks behind only the red-winged blackbird (and just ahead of the introduced European starling and the not-always-naturally-occurring house finch) as the most abundant extant land bird in North America. It has seven subspecies, but only T. m. confinis of Baja California Sur is particularly distinctive, with pale gray-brown underparts.

The American robin is active mostly during the day and assembles in large flocks at night. Its diet consists of invertebrates (such as beetle grubs, earthworms, and caterpillars), fruits, and berries. It is one of the earliest bird species to lay eggs, beginning to breed shortly after returning to its summer range from its winter range. Its nest consists of long coarse grass, twigs, paper, and feathers, and is smeared with mud and often cushioned with grass or other soft materials. It is among the first birds to sing at dawn, and its song consists of several discrete units that are repeated.

The adult robin is preyed upon by hawks, cats, and larger snakes, but when feeding in flocks, it can be vigilant and watch other birds for reactions to predators. Brown-headed cowbirds lay eggs in robin nests (see brood parasite), but robins usually reject the cowbird eggs.
American Robin
Date Location Count
2020-01-26 10:31Ashburn Lake3
2020-01-24 14:02Bles Park1
2020-01-24 09:30Elizabeth Mills Riverfront Park2
2020-01-20 10:17Broadlands Wetlands Nature Preserve2
2020-01-26 09:03C&O Canal--Sycamore Landing15
2020-01-23 15:15Horsepen Run Trail6
2020-01-26 09:27Beaverdam Creek Reservoir4
2020-01-17 10:26Hughes Hollow - McKee Beshers WMA1
2020-01-26 08:51National Recreation and Park Association22
2020-01-26 13:30Dulles Airport--Pond94
2020-01-25 17:11Creighton Road Pond2
2020-01-15 11:41Algonkian Regional Park8
2020-01-24 10:07Ball's Bluff Battlefield Regional Park9
2020-01-26 08:14Patton Turf Farm2
2020-01-26 09:00Olde Izaak Walton Park21
2020-01-21 13:53Runnymede Park3
2020-01-24 09:39C&O Canal--Riley's Lock4
2020-01-22 13:50Frying Pan Farm Park2
2020-01-25 13:19Morven Park17
2020-01-26 14:18Rust Nature Sanctuary3
2020-01-17 08:43Stratton Woods Park80
2020-01-24 06:54C&O Canal--Violette's Lock3
2020-01-24 16:12Lake Newport29
2020-01-25 07:20Blockhouse Point Conservation Park5
2020-01-23 14:30The Turner Farm/Observatory Park2
2020-01-26 13:40Sully Woodlands50
2020-01-20 12:30Lake Fairfax Park20
2020-01-20 10:40JK Black Oak Wildlife Sanctuary (private)2
2020-01-21 09:33C&O Canal--Pennyfield Lock6
2020-01-20 11:08South Germantown Recreational Park7
2020-01-26 11:04Cub Run Stream Valley Park (South)1
2020-01-26 09:51C&O Canal--Nolands Ferry3
2020-01-16 16:44Ox Hill Battlefield Park30
2020-01-21 12:05Black Hill RP--Little Seneca Lake, Rte.1215
2020-01-25 12:30Glenstone Museum (restricted access)8
2020-01-26 07:47Great Falls Park12
2020-01-25 11:29Sugarloaf Mt.2
2020-01-23 09:34Black Hill Regional Park4
2020-01-25 11:41Black Hill RP--Ten Mile Creek area, trails and lake1
2020-01-26 07:07C&O Canal--Swains Lock17
2020-01-20 10:57C&O Canal--Great Falls12
2020-01-24 09:10Black Hill RP--Boat Ramp area2
2020-01-24 12:25Lake Churchill, Germantown1
2020-01-20 08:50Seneca Creek SP--Clopper Lake6
2020-01-25 14:02Gunners Lake1
2020-01-13 15:50Nottoway Park16