The ostrich or common ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family. In 2014, the Somali ostrich (Struthio molybdophanes) was recognized as a distinct species.

The ostrich shares the order Struthioniformes with the kiwis, emus, rheas, and cassowaries. However, phylogenetic studies have shown that it is the basal extant member of Palaeognathae and is thus equally closely related to flighted tinamous. It is distinctive in its appearance, with a long neck and legs, and can run at up to about 70 km/h (19 m/s; 43 mph), the fastest land speed of any bird. The ostrich is the largest living species of bird and lays the largest eggs of any living bird (extinct elephant birds of Madagascar and the giant moa of New Zealand laid larger eggs).

The ostrich's diet consists mainly of plant matter, though it also eats invertebrates. It lives in nomadic groups of 5 to 50 birds. When threatened, the ostrich will either hide itself by lying flat against the ground, or run away. If cornered, it can attack with a kick of its powerful legs. Mating patterns differ by geographical region, but territorial males fight for a harem of two to seven females.

The ostrich is farmed around the world, particularly for its feathers, which are decorative and are also used as feather dusters. Its skin is used for leather products and its meat is marketed commercially, with its leanness a common marketing point.
Common Ostrich
Date Location Count
2020-02-18 06:55Etosha NP (Oshikoto Province)8
2020-02-20 07:00Etotongwe Lodge2
2020-02-24 09:21Daan Viljoen Game Park8
2020-02-20 15:49Mahango Game Reserve9
2020-02-12 09:30Fish River Canyon--main overlook8
2020-02-11Kgalagadi TFCA (South Africa portion - be more specific)
2020-02-24 06:43Serengeti NP--Grumeti Serengeti Tented Camp17
2020-02-02 06:49Maasai Mara NR--Mara Triangle7
2020-02-04 07:15Masaai Mara NR--Mara River (North)10
2020-02-22 16:45West Coast NP--Seeberg hide9
2020-02-11 13:30Serengeti NP18
2020-01-29 10:18Lake Baringo--Inshore Cliffs and surrounds1
2020-02-17 09:12West Coast NP7
2020-01-29 08:29Serengeti NP--Kusini Camp1
2020-02-04 10:30West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity8
2020-01-30 07:46Lake Baringo--West Shore (incl. Baringo Club and Robert's Camp and airstrip)1
2020-02-04 11:35West Coast NP--Abrahamskraal hide2
2020-02-21 06:09Serengeti NP--Klein's Camp7
2020-02-03 06:41Serengeti NP--Naabi Hill Gate9
2020-02-18 06:15Ngorongoro Conservation Area--Ndutu (general area)8
2020-01-31 07:20Abidjatta-Shalla NP6
2020-02-12 07:00Ngorongoro Conservation Area7
2020-02-02 10:30Glencairn Vlei1
2020-02-16 06:30Ngorongoro Conservation Area--Ngorongoro Crater5
2020-01-31 15:15Olifantsbos8
2020-02-11 11:13Table Mountain NP--Cape of Good Hope6
2020-02-19 12:00False Bay pelagic--Simonstown to Cape Pt.6
2020-02-05 11:00Dulecha3
2020-02-22 11:30Nairobi NP10
2020-02-23 08:00Tarangire NP--Lemiyon Circuit Grasslands14
2020-02-14 06:16Tarangire NP--Matete Picnic Site8
2020-02-23 07:00Tarangire NP12
2020-02-01 07:40Swara Plains Conservancy and Acacia Camp (formerly Hopcraft Ranch/Game Ranching Ltd.)1
2020-02-03 07:21Amboseli NP15
2020-02-19 08:32De Hoop Nature Reserve4
2020-02-21 10:37Marakele NP
2020-02-16 16:58Benfontein Nature Reserve9
2020-02-17 08:00Karoo NP--Klipspringer Pass Road
2020-02-06 09:00Welgevonden Game Reserve2
2020-02-08 07:31Soetdoring Nature Reserve3
2020-02-02 08:02Rooiwal WTP1
2020-02-23 15:14Rietvlei Nature Reserve5
2020-02-15 15:36Polokwane GR14
2020-02-23 10:52Bronkhorstspruit Dam9
2020-02-16 09:55Willem Pretorius Nature Reserve8
2020-02-03Hannah Game Lodge2
2020-02-23 08:44Kruger NP--S50 from Lebombo Mts to Shingwedzi3
2020-02-20 09:47Addo Elephant NP--Main Rest Camp3
2020-02-13 13:29Kruger NP--S1007
2020-01-27 19:29Kruger NP--Trichardt Rd6