The rock martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family that is resident in central and southern Africa. It breeds mainly in the mountains, but also at lower altitudes, especially in rocky areas and around towns, and, unlike most swallows, it is often found far from water. It is 12–15 cm (4.7–5.9 in) long, with mainly brown plumage, paler-toned on the upper breast and underwing coverts, and with white "windows" on the spread tail in flight. The sexes are similar in appearance, but juveniles have pale fringes to the upperparts and flight feathers. The former northern subspecies are smaller, paler, and whiter-throated than southern African forms, and are now usually split as a separate species, the pale crag martin. The rock martin hunts along cliff faces for flying insects using a slow flight with much gliding. Its call is a soft twitter.

This martin builds a deep bowl nest on a sheltered horizontal surface, or a neat quarter-sphere against a vertical rock face or wall. The nest is constructed with mud pellets and lined with grass or feathers, and may be built on natural sites under cliff overhangs or on man-made structures such as buildings, dam walls, culverts and bridges. It is often reused for subsequent broods or in later years. This species is a solitary breeder, and is not gregarious, but small groups may breed close together in suitable locations. The two or three eggs of a typical clutch are white with brown and grey blotches, and are incubated by both adults for 16–19 days prior to hatching. Both parents then feed the chicks. Fledging takes another 22–24 days, but the young birds will return to the nest to roost for a few days after the first flight.

This small martin is caught in flight by several fast, agile falcon species, such as hobbies, and it sometimes carries parasites, but it faces no major threats. Because of its range of nearly 10 million km2 (4 million sq mi) and large, apparently stable, population, it is not seen as vulnerable and is assessed as least concern on the IUCN Red List.
Rock Martin
Date Location Count
2021-04-20 15:45Palmwag Lodge2
2021-04-18 12:56Toko Lodge & Safaris1
2021-04-18 18:35Brandberg White Lady Lodge1
2021-04-24 10:02Etosha NP--Okaukuejo Camp2
2021-04-21 14:09Grosse Spitzkoppe Nature Reserve10
2021-05-07 12:55River Nile Luxor to Sofitel Karnak2
2021-04-23 08:09Gobabeb Training & Research Center8
2021-05-01 15:45Nizzana WTP drinking pools ביוב כמהין3
2021-05-01 12:43Be'erotayim grove חורשת בארותיים10
2021-04-29 06:31Wadi Be'erotayim plateau פיתחת נחל בארותיים4
2021-04-18 06:54Lotz waterholes בורות לוץ6
2021-05-05 06:38Sharm el-Sheikh شرم الشيخ--Sewage Ponds3
2021-05-13 08:00Ben Gurion University6
2021-05-13 12:49Nafha Vineyards חוות נפחא8
2021-05-12 10:47Ben Gurion memorial park פארק קבר בן גוריון2
2021-05-16 08:35Midreshet Ben-Gurion מדרשת בן גוריון9
2021-05-08 08:35Kibbutz Sde Boker קיבוץ שדה בוקר2
2021-05-05 06:10Marom Farm חוות מרום3
2021-04-19 11:30Mitzpe Ramon--KKL/JNF grove, football pitch and vicinity מצפה רמון חורשת קק"ל, מגרש כדורגל והסביבה6
2021-05-14 09:29Mitzpe Ramon--Road 40 Scenic Viewing Overlook מצפה המכתש4
2021-05-08 05:40Akev pinnacle חוד עקב4
2021-05-09 06:45Sansana Reservoir סכר סנסנה1
2021-05-13 10:28Yeruham Lake פארק אגם ירוחם1
2021-04-30 10:00Modi'in southern hills מודיעין גבעות דרומיות10
2021-05-08 09:41Daan Viljoen Game Park7
2021-04-22 17:26HaMeishar Plains המישר אנדרטה2
2021-04-28 07:05Eilat Mountains--Upper Mountain Hawkwatch site תצפית דורסים הר יהורם6
2021-04-23 11:38Eilat Mountains--Helipad Wadi הרי אילת--מחנה יותם4
2021-04-22 15:10Nahal Shelomo נחל שלמה3
2021-04-21 08:00Eilat--Park Shachamon אילת--פארק שחמון2
2021-04-26 16:37Wadi Kasuy נחל כסוי8
2021-04-24 11:06Nimra Valley ביקעת נימרה2
2021-04-23 15:34Eilat--southern salt ponds בריכות המלח הדרומיות אילת5
2021-05-08 14:55International Birding and Research Center Eilat (IBRCE) מרכז הצפרות הבינלאומי אילת2
2021-04-23 17:06Eilat Canal - by north beach תעלת הביוב אילת מצפון לחוף הצפוני4
2021-04-23 17:31Eilat north beach חוף צפוני אילת4
2021-04-21 17:13Ne'ot Smadar Kibbutz קיבוץ נאות סמדר4
2021-05-04 18:30Eilat--KM19 Sewage Ponds בריכות ביוב ק"מ 192
2021-05-08 08:12Neot Smadar fields שדות נאות סמדר4
2021-04-24 16:40Eilat--KM20 Flamingo Pools בריכות המלח ק"מ 202
2021-05-10 14:30Arava Valley--Kibbutz Samar קיבוץ סמר5
2021-05-14 08:37Neot Smadar Sewage Ponds ביוב נאות סמדר4
2021-04-28 10:30Arava Valley--Hai Bar Nature Reserve שמורת חי בר יטבתה7
2021-05-08 09:40Arava Valley--Elifaz Sewage Ponds ביוב אליפז2
2021-05-14 07:30Arava Valley--Samar Sewage Ponds ביוב סמר2
2021-05-08 16:38Arebbusch Lodge3
2021-05-14 07:07Arava Valley--Kibbutz Samar and Eliphaz Plantations מטעי תמרים סמר2
2021-04-20 06:20Nahal Kos, Jerusalem נחל כוס, ירושלים2
2021-04-30 06:00Arava Valley--Kibbutz Ketura קיבוץ קטורה4
2021-05-13 06:00Gazelle Valley עמק הצבאים4
2021-04-19 14:30Jerusalem Botanical Garden הגנים הבוטניים ירושלים2
2021-05-06 11:05Yotvata--general area יטבתה אזור כללי1
2021-05-14 10:05Yotvata Sewage Ponds ביוב יטבתה2
2021-05-11 08:24Jerusalem Bird Observatory התחנה לחקר ציפורי ירושלים2
2021-05-12 17:15Valley of the Cross עמק המצלבה2
2021-05-10 05:52Yotvata--northern circular field יטבתה שדה מעגלי צפוני1
2021-05-08 09:42Yotvata-Northern Fields יטבתה שדות וקומפוסט צפונית לשדה מעגלי צפוני5
2021-05-10 14:57Eilat--Kibbutz Lotan קיבוץ לוטן3
2021-04-30 07:20Arava Valley--KM 94 (Southern Wadi Hemda) (Restricted Access Firing Zone) נחל חמדה - שטח אש פעיל1
2021-04-24 11:37Tzofar2
2021-05-05 15:05Arava Valley--Kibbutz Yahel and surroundings קיבוץ יהל5
2021-04-28 06:00Small Makhtesh מכתש קטן5
2021-05-11 12:10Sapir park פארק ספיר2
2021-05-09 06:00Mt. Kabir הר כביר1
2021-05-08 07:01Nekarot dam סכר נקרות6
2021-05-07 11:23Hazeva fieldschool ביס"ש חצבה3
2021-05-06 05:45Sheizaf Nature Reserve שמורת שיזף2
2021-05-15 07:00Kfar Adumim כפר אדומים4
2021-05-03 12:10Wadi Qelt נחל פרת5
2021-05-14 15:29Ein Mabu'a עין מבוע4
2021-04-17 09:30Wadi Tamar8
2021-05-13 04:57Masada NP גן לאומי מצדה4
2021-04-17 07:06Dragot Lookout מצפה דרגות6
2021-05-12 09:13Wadi Arugot NR שמורת נחל ערוגות3
2021-04-22 06:14Salvadora Spring עין סלבדורה4
2021-04-26 07:39Ashalim Reservoir מאגר אשלים1
2021-05-03 06:46Metsoke Dragot מצוקי דרגות8
2021-04-30 10:00Wadi David NR שמורת נחל דוד1
2021-04-22 06:21Ein Gedi Fieldschool בית ספר שדה עין גדי6
2021-04-26 11:39Heimar Reservoir מאגר חימר2
2021-04-22 09:00Mt. Sdom הר סדום4
2021-05-07 06:15Wadi Malha NR2
2021-05-14 08:30Ein Feshkha, nature reserve שמורת עינות צוקים1
2021-05-03 09:27Qumran and Kalya area דרך פטרולים קלי""ה6
2021-05-14 06:30Kalia fields==שדות קלי"ה2
2021-04-19 14:30Gisakura Guest House
2021-05-08 07:07Lake Karago1
2021-05-08 07:12Lake Bihinga1
2021-05-08 06:30Ruhengeri--general area
2021-05-08 06:47Nyarutarama Lake and Golf Course1
2021-05-08 14:29Kgalagadi TFCA--Nossob Camp6
2021-05-08 06:55Livingstone Treatment Works1
2021-05-08 06:40Victoria Falls Sewerage Ponds
2021-05-13 07:26Zambezi River near Victoria Falls (Zimbabwe side)13
2021-05-11 16:45Victoria Falls Rain Forest20
2021-05-14 09:24Victoria Falls (Zambia side)4
2021-05-03 08:45Mount Elgon NP--Research Centre20
2021-05-11 09:49Angama Lodge (Ol Kurruk)
2021-05-13 10:55Maasai Mara NR--Mara Triangle
2021-05-02 06:15Serengeti NP--Seronera8
2021-05-08 14:23West Coast NP--Seeberg hide2
2021-04-28 06:40Maasai Mara NR--Aruba Mara Camp & Talek Gate2
2021-05-08 15:44West Coast NP--Seeburg Viewpoint5
2021-05-12 15:23Lake Baringo--Inshore Cliffs and surrounds6
2021-05-08 11:21West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity1
2021-05-02 16:20St Andrews Turi, KE (-0.279, 35.764)3
2021-04-17 11:43Kundalila Falls5
2021-05-08 06:01Soysambu Conservency5
2021-05-08 07:04Lake Elementaita--Serena Camp (formerly Delamere Camp)17
2021-05-08Kisima Ngeda Tented Camp
2021-05-08 06:42KWS Hippo Camp, Lake Naivasha4
2021-05-14 15:32Table Mountain NP--Cape Point Section4
2021-05-05 08:39Tumaren Camp and surrounds2
2021-05-08 10:08Aberdare NP3
2021-05-09 08:24Stellenboschberg--Lower Trail1
2021-05-13 16:28Olekemonge Gorge, Magadi Road
2021-04-23 16:16Shewa Robit area1
2021-05-08 09:50Manguo Swamp6
2021-05-07 09:17Gatamaiyu Forest1
2021-05-08 08:30Brackenhurst8
2021-05-04 16:30KEFRI Lands, Kikuyu9
2021-05-13 12:40Upper Magadi Road (from Corner Baridi to Oltepesi/Olorgesaillie)
2021-05-08 11:21Borana Conservancy2
2021-05-02 08:27Langata Giraffe Centre (incl. ravine trail)2
2021-05-08 06:29Borana Conservancy--Borana Wildlife Lodge5
2021-05-15 06:30Kfeet, Wetlands & Lily Lake, Karura Forest2
2021-05-08 06:15Urban Nairobi (general)
2021-05-08 06:58Nairobi NP2
2021-05-08 06:12Lewa Wildlife Conservancy1
2021-04-20 07:47Lukenya Hill (1600-1820m)6
2021-05-08 08:18Engikaret Lark Plains--Acacia Scrub to South1
2021-05-13 14:56Jebel Al Aswad (الجبل الأسود)2
2021-05-08 09:56Satao Elerai Camp2
2021-05-08 11:31Mbirikani Group Ranch2
2021-05-04 12:16De Hoop Nature Reserve--Lakeside Walking Trail1
2021-05-08 09:23Rockwall Dam1
2021-05-08 06:30Taita Hills (general)3
2021-04-19 13:45West Usambara Mountains--Old Sawmill Track
2021-04-16 22:00Diepsloot Nature Reserve4
2021-05-01 07:05Kloofendal Municipal Nature Reserve3
2021-05-10 16:30Eagle Canyon Golf Estate1
2021-05-14 06:45Northcliff Ridge Eco Park4
2021-05-02 11:29Pretoria National Botanical Garden2
2021-05-08 09:32Sebayeng Wetland1
2021-05-02 08:45Garingboom Guest Farm1
2021-04-25 09:36Wilge River Valley (upper)2
2021-04-23 07:41Bankplaas Road1
2021-05-08 06:00Kruger NP--Pafuri Picnic Site
2021-05-08 05:26Memel2
2021-05-06 13:45Wakkerstroom bridge/causeway2
2021-05-08 07:48Klipfontein Bird Sanctuary1
2021-05-08 13:49Midmar Dam--South Shore (Thurlow Gate)1
2021-05-08 09:00Band-e Ali Khan Marsh بندعليخان باتلاق3
2021-04-30 09:10Sila'a--The Seep5
2021-05-12 08:50Emirates Palace1
2021-04-29 06:30Abu Dhabi--Formal Park4
2021-05-15 06:15Heritage Park4
2021-05-14 06:03Abu Dhabi Rotana Hotel
2021-05-05 07:25Abu Dhabi Golf and Equestrian Club1
2021-05-09 07:45Mushrif Palace Gardens1
2021-05-04 18:00Abu Dhabi--Ministry of Culture and National Media Council2
2021-05-02 06:10Abu Dhabi--British School Al Khubairat3
2021-04-23 08:10Ayn Tabraq2
2021-04-30 06:30Ajman Water Treatment Plant1
2021-04-27 06:35Siah al-Miyah (no access)5
2021-04-25 11:10Zakher Lake3
2021-04-18 09:56Tawi Murrah1
2021-05-08 09:09Al Ain--Al Wadima compound1
2021-05-07 11:44Ain al-Fayda21
2021-04-21 06:50Al Jimi--general area4
2021-04-20 06:55Al Ain Cement factory quarries8
2021-04-18 06:45Tawi Bisat1
2021-05-16 05:00Private estate near Green Mubazzarah20
2021-05-15 06:21Ain al-Waal10
2021-05-15 10:36Jebel Hafit
2021-05-10 04:00Al Foah Wheat Farm1
2021-05-15 15:23Shawka Dam4
2021-04-30 11:22Loch Dibba2
2021-05-08 07:19Wamm Farms1
2021-05-03 07:15Bithna Fort1
2021-05-11 10:43Dibba--Karsha farms and coast1
2021-04-19 09:23Wadi Wurayah NP--HQ to carpark3
2021-05-11 17:29Wadi Wurayah NP--buffer zone1
2021-05-08 09:38Fujairah Tennis Club Dam2
2021-05-02 18:11Khor Fakkan canal4