The rock martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula) is a small passerine bird in the swallow family that is resident in central and southern Africa. It breeds mainly in the mountains, but also at lower altitudes, especially in rocky areas and around towns, and, unlike most swallows, it is often found far from water. It is 12–15 cm (4.7–5.9 in) long, with mainly brown plumage, paler-toned on the upper breast and underwing coverts, and with white "windows" on the spread tail in flight. The sexes are similar in appearance, but juveniles have pale fringes to the upperparts and flight feathers. The former northern subspecies are smaller, paler, and whiter-throated than southern African forms, and are now usually split as a separate species, the pale crag martin. The rock martin hunts along cliff faces for flying insects using a slow flight with much gliding. Its call is a soft twitter.

This martin builds a deep bowl nest on a sheltered horizontal surface, or a neat quarter-sphere against a vertical rock face or wall. The nest is constructed with mud pellets and lined with grass or feathers, and may be built on natural sites under cliff overhangs or on man-made structures such as buildings, dam walls, culverts and bridges. It is often reused for subsequent broods or in later years. This species is a solitary breeder, and is not gregarious, but small groups may breed close together in suitable locations. The two or three eggs of a typical clutch are white with brown and grey blotches, and are incubated by both adults for 16–19 days prior to hatching. Both parents then feed the chicks. Fledging takes another 22–24 days, but the young birds will return to the nest to roost for a few days after the first flight.

This small martin is caught in flight by several fast, agile falcon species, such as hobbies, and it sometimes carries parasites, but it faces no major threats. Because of its range of nearly 10 million km2 (4 million sq mi) and large, apparently stable, population, it is not seen as vulnerable and is assessed as least concern on the IUCN Red List.
Rock Martin
Date Location Count
2019-08-19 06:43Amurum Forest Reserve (APLORI)2
2019-08-06 06:38Midreshet Ben-Gurion מדרשת בן גוריון10
2019-08-16 06:47Yeruham Lake פארק אגם ירוחם15
2019-08-17 16:30Gazelle Valley עמק הצבאים2
2019-08-17 08:00Eilat--Holland park פארק הולנד3
2019-08-18 06:15International Birding and Research Center Eilat (IBRCE) מרכז הצפרות הבינלאומי אילת1
2019-08-17 06:00Eilat north beach חוף צפוני אילת2
2019-08-18 18:30Eilat--KM19 Sewage Ponds בריכות ביוב ק"מ 193
2019-08-19 06:21Eilat--KM20 Flamingo Pools בריכות המלח ק"מ 201
2019-08-06 11:08Wadi Kelt נחל פרת30
2019-08-08 06:30Nahal Tze'elim נחל צאלים3
2019-08-13 06:30Wadi Mishmar נחל משמר4
2019-08-17 08:30Etosha NP--Okaukuejo Camp6
2019-08-10 07:56Rwakobo Rock Lodge1
2019-08-18 08:56Bugesera Lodge2
2019-08-18 07:25Etotongwe Lodge8
2019-08-12 11:00Sipi River Lodge
2019-08-09 10:38Addis Ababa--Bole International Airport2
2019-08-19 11:45Windhoek National Botanical Gardens2
2019-08-13 17:45Windhoek--Avis Dam4
2019-08-13 09:00Solitaire2
2019-08-19 06:30Serengeti NP--Northern Serengeti1
2019-08-07 16:30Lake Elementaita--Sentrim Lodge (formerly Flamingo Camp)
2019-08-09 08:09Karura Forest, Muthaiga2
2019-08-16 09:48Tarangire NP--Entrance Gate1
2019-08-12 08:00Arusha NP
2019-08-15 07:40Springbok5
2019-08-15 10:14Goegap Nature Reserve5
2019-08-19 12:33Onseepkans3
2019-08-19 07:54Augrabies Falls NP--Campground2
2019-08-07 06:30Tswalu Kalahari Game Reserve
2019-08-17 09:00Bushmanskloof Nature Reserve5
2019-08-16 07:00Saadiyat Beach Golf Club (restricted access)1
2019-08-17 07:00Abu Dhabi Golf Club (restricted access)6
2019-08-11 07:30West Coast NP15
2019-08-13 15:53Motor City4
2019-08-13 18:30Arabian Ranches--Al Reem1
2019-08-18 13:23Katbakkies2
2019-08-16 07:15Rietvlei Wetlands Reserve6
2019-08-18 12:29Skitterykloof4
2019-08-17 14:20Rondebosch Commons2
2019-08-15 07:30Boulders Beach20
2019-08-18 08:55Private estate near Green Mubazzarah20
2019-08-10 11:48Cape of Good Hope12
2019-08-10 13:43Cape Point2
2019-08-14 10:20Kloofendal Municipal Nature Reserve3
2019-08-12 07:00Jonkershoek Nature Reserve30
2019-08-11 11:46Ayn Tabraq2
2019-08-16 07:46Wamm Farms6
2019-08-17 09:36Rooi-Els30
2019-08-10 09:00Buffels River mouth3
2019-08-09 14:45Stony Point--Penguin Colony10
2019-08-11 13:30Harold Porter Botanical Gardens1
2019-08-12 15:08Hermanus--Kraal Rock/Cliff Path2
2019-08-12 12:30Abel Erasmus Pass/Strijdom Tunnel (Taita Falcon)1
2019-08-09 06:30Agulhas Plains (general area)8
2019-08-09 09:25De Hoop Nature Reserve--Campground2
2019-08-14 12:00Moose Valley Private Nature Reserve2
2019-08-08 12:00Prince Albert (general area)14
2019-08-08 07:00Swartberg Pass18
2019-08-17 06:30Golden Gate Highlands NP24
2019-08-06 14:45Tsitsikamma NP--Storms River Mouth (Lourie and Blue Duiker Trails)14
2019-08-11 11:56Midmar Dam Nature Reserve1
2019-08-18 07:00East London Coast NR1