The green wood hoopoe (Phoeniculus purpureus) is a large, up to 44 cm (17 in) long, near-passerine tropical bird native to Africa. It is a member of the family Phoeniculidae, the wood hoopoes, and was formerly known as the red-billed wood hoopoe.

The green wood hoopoe is a common resident breeder in the forests, woodlands and suburban gardens of most of Sub-Saharan Africa. It is found in groups of up to a dozen or so birds with only one breeding pair. The breeding female lays two to four blue eggs in a natural tree hole or old barbet nest and incubates them for about 18 days. On hatching, she and the nestlings are fed by the rest of the group, even after they have fledged and left the nest hole. The group is fearless in defence of the nestlings against intruders. This species is parasitised by the greater and lesser honeyguide.

This abundant species is a metallic dark green, with a purple back and very long diamond-shaped purple tail. Distinctive white markings on the wings and white chevrons on the tail edges make it easily identifiable, as does its long, thin, curved red bill. Sexes are similar, but immatures have a black bill.

The green wood hoopoe is an insect-eating species. It feeds mainly on the ground, termite mounds, or on tree trunks, and forms flocks outside the breeding season. Its specialised claws enable it to cling easily to the underside of branches while closely inspecting the bark for insects.

This conspicuous bird advertises its presence with its loud Kuk-uk-uk-uk-uk call and other vocalisations.

Widespread and common throughout its large range, the green wood hoopoe is assessed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.



Green Woodhoopoe
Date Location Count
2020-11-20 22:03Santawani Lodge2
2020-11-21 08:00Maasai Mara NR--Mara Triangle3
2020-11-15 00:23Serengeti NP--Serengeti Serena Safari Lodge3
2020-11-30 06:10Mara Training Centre1
2020-11-15 13:18Naboisho Conservancy1
2020-11-07 09:23Lake Elementaita--Serena Camp (formerly Delamere Camp)8
2020-11-07 09:30Lake Naivasha--Crescent Camp6
2020-11-11 08:30Lewa Wildlife Conservancy2
2020-11-11 07:37Tarangire NP--Lemiyon Circuit Grasslands1
2020-11-07 11:30Tarangire NP--Silale Swamp3
2020-11-05 16:02Harare--Mukuvisi Woodlands
2020-11-21 09:26Marakele NP
2020-11-16 05:35Pilanesberg NP--Kwa Maritane3
2020-11-19 06:53Roodekopjes Dam Nature Reserve3
2020-11-22 06:06Breedtsnek Pass2
2020-11-27 09:54Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden3
2020-11-29 08:46Rietvlei Nature Reserve1
2020-11-26 06:37Norkem Park3
2020-11-08 05:45Mkhombo Nature Reserve4
2020-11-16 06:36East Usambara Mountains--Amani Nature Reserve2
2020-11-18 11:46Shimba Hills NR--Shimba Hills Lodge1
2020-11-20 08:56Arabuko-Sokoke Forest
2020-11-22 05:38Kruger NP--Mahonie Loop/S993
2020-11-21 07:00Jozani Chwaka Bay NP
2020-11-20 08:39Kruger NP-- Tropic of Capricorn Loop5
2020-11-03 12:46Kruger NP--Shipandani Overnight Hide3
2020-11-18 15:52Ohrigstad Dam
2020-11-24 09:38Umbabat NR--Ingwelala2
2020-11-19 05:30Hazyview--Kruger Park Lodge6
2020-11-16 10:00Kruger NP--Talamati Bushveld Camp1
2020-11-16 08:30Kruger NP--Pretoriuskop Rest Camp2
2020-11-02 04:30Kruger NP--Satara Camp4
2020-11-04 06:42Lion Sands Game Reserve7
2020-11-28 07:45Shamwari Private Game Reserve
2020-11-16 16:00Lake Panic Bird Hide1
2020-11-17 11:27Kruger NP--Timfenheni Loop/S1216
2020-11-06 04:30Kruger NP--Lower Sabie Rest Camp4
2020-11-24 07:34Marutswa Forest3
2020-11-02 08:22Mkhuze GR - Nsumo Pan2
2020-11-15 05:24Mount Moreland IBA2
2020-11-12 09:00Phinda GR
2020-11-30 09:18St Lucia - estuary1
2020-11-04 06:16Lagoa Nhassive2
2020-11-28 14:57Dunes de Dovela4