The red-billed pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris) is a relatively large pigeon which breeds from southern Texas, United States, and northwestern Mexico south to Costa Rica. It belongs to a clade of Patagioenas which generally lack iridescent display plumage, except some vestiges in the pale-vented pigeon.

It is found in open country with some trees, large clearings and cultivation in lowlands and middle altitudes to 2,100 m (6,900 ft). It builds a rudimentary platform nest out of twigs in a tree about 4–25 m (13–82 ft) above the ground, usually on a horizontal branch or on a palm crown, and lays one white egg.

The red-billed pigeon is mid or large-sized pigeon, at 30–37 cm (12–15 in) in length and a weight of 230–425 g (8.1–15.0 oz). It is mainly wine-purple, becoming browner on the back, and with a grey tail, lower belly and flight feathers. The bill is white with a red base, and the legs and eyes are red. Juvenile birds are duller than adults and the plumage is brown-tinged.

It is normally seen alone or in pairs and rarely forms flocks. It feeds on the ground, seeking acorns, berries and buds.

It is often thought to be brown it is actually a dark shade of maroon.

The red-billed pigeon has a loud kuk c'c'coooo call that is given in rows; the initial short kuk is characteristic for this group of Patagioenas.
Red-billed Pigeon
Date Location Count
2020-07-26 07:00Reserva Estatal Laguna Manatí6
2020-07-24 17:15Malecon Tajamar2
2020-08-01 08:30Yalahau3
2020-07-25 06:20Parque Colegio St. John's4
2020-07-13 17:20Puerto Morelos--Parque Punta Corcho1
2020-08-05 05:13Reserva Toh--Ruta de los Cenotes1
2020-07-29 06:50Reserva Toh1
2020-07-19 06:25PN Tulum1
2020-08-02 06:39Camino a Misnébalam1
2020-07-13 07:38Camino Tobxila--Campos de Agricultura1
2020-07-13 09:09Acahuales Camino a Tobxila1
2020-07-30 07:47Sendero Cerca a Labná1
2020-07-11 06:08Sabana San Francisco (pueblo)1
2020-07-25 06:15Villas Ecotucan
2020-07-16 15:07Orange Walk Town--St. Christopher's Hotel1
2020-07-16 17:34Tower Hill bridge1
2020-07-30 12:14Lamanai Outpost Lodge & Indian Church1
2020-08-03 10:28Chan Chich Lodge4
2020-08-02 17:41BWSL Ponds3
2020-07-31 06:38River Wildlife Sanctuary1
2020-07-16 07:01Spanish Lookout farmlands (north)1
2020-08-02 05:43Palacios Mountain Retreat1
2020-08-02 07:07Aguacate Lagoon1
2020-07-19 11:01Ayala's Natural Pool and Adventures1
2020-07-29 06:42Baking Pot Archaeological Site1
2020-07-26 10:31Green Hills Butterfly Ranch1
2020-07-27 15:18Cahal Pech Maya site1
2020-07-15 10:12Mountain Pine Ridge--Hidden Valley2
2020-07-27 12:40Chaa Creek3
2020-07-25 07:29Mystic River Resort3
2020-07-27 08:17Macal River Resorts Road--agricultural fields1
2020-07-23 09:41Black Rock Road1
2020-07-23 07:04Black Rock Lodge2
2020-07-31 16:11Chapel Hill Road2
2020-08-04 07:40Max A Mandel Golf Course2
2020-07-11 17:57Salineño Wildlife Preserve (LTC 080)2
2020-08-04 06:04Omega Jungle Lodge, La Cuenca, Atlantida, HN1
2020-08-02 15:46Playa del Pueblo1
2020-08-02 06:16The Farm Inn1
2020-07-26 06:02Residencial Santa Mónica (Acceso Restringido)1
2020-07-19 15:14Río Usumacinta--Frontera Corozal a Yaxchilán3
2020-08-04 07:42Area de Protección de Flora y Fauna Nahá1
2020-07-25 16:42Siguatepeque--Sector Cruz Grande2
2020-07-13 08:20Bosque de Pino de la Unacifor (Acceso restringido)1
2020-07-31 06:54Pichucalco--Ribera El Cerro2
2020-07-26 07:47Reserva Biológica Montecillos--Zona Núcleo Siguatepeque1
2020-08-04 06:58Lagunas De Oxidación, La Paz1
2020-07-22 05:42Aldea Salacuim1
2020-07-22 15:50Sitio Arqueológico Río Amarillo1
2020-07-26 06:16Zamorano Univ.--Zona 2 Agricultura Intensiva Ruta Monitoreo2
2020-07-13 05:40Carretera hacia Laguna El Pedregal1
2020-07-13 07:05Laguna El Pedregal1
2020-07-16 06:12Carretera al Nor-oeste de Rancho Ebenezer1
2020-07-16 08:21Rincón de Dolores1
2020-08-04 10:40Chajbaoc--Sendero Nuevo2
2020-08-02 16:38RNP Chajbaoc2
2020-07-29 18:57Zona Sujeta a Conservación Ecológica Tzama Cun Pümy (Ejido Tapalapa)2
2020-08-02 05:42Calle al sur de El Tizatillo (transecto de 9 kms)8
2020-08-01 16:37El Jardín de Lety (acceso restringido)1
2020-08-02 15:29San Juan Chamelco--potrero Chitubtú (acceso restringido)2
2020-07-16 17:18Ruta Las Montecinas - Reservorio2
2020-08-02 07:56Paraiso Verde Lodge3
2020-07-24 05:45Aldea Las Anonas [Carretera de 6 Kms]18
2020-08-07 16:42SFF Setonq (acceso restringido)2
2020-07-19 15:28Finca Saramilcho--carretera antigua al filo1
2020-08-07 17:02SFF Setonq--Los Vencejos (acceso restringido)3
2020-08-01 18:19Finca Chichen--camino de entrada a Finca Rubel Chaim (acceso restringido)4
2020-08-04 10:25Finca Rubel Chaim (acceso restringido)1
2020-07-29 13:16Finca Rubel Chaim--CCFC (acceso restringido) (solo listas sin desplazamiento)1
2020-07-29 07:20Finca Chichen--casco de la finca3
2020-07-24 16:26Finca Rubel Chaim--sendero a la cueva (acceso restringido)1
2020-07-29 08:15Reserva Ecológica Istirinchá2
2020-08-06 19:54Puente de Nautla3
2020-08-05 08:44El Cocal San Valentín1
2020-08-05 07:43Hotel Posada El Guardabarranco2
2020-07-12 05:50Laguna Resort, La Trinidad2
2020-08-02 07:48Hotel La Casona1
2020-07-24 06:45Finca Santa Rosa--sitio de observación de Belted Flycatcher1
2020-07-12 06:50Camino del Ejido Juárez (desvío km 21 +600 carretera Tuxtla-Chicoasén)2
2020-07-22 07:00Playa Juan Angel--Desembocadura Río San Isidro1
2020-07-30 07:35Playa Chachalacas--Dunas3
2020-07-17 11:14Reserva El Jaguar 2
2020-08-02 07:26Laguna Lagartos4
2020-08-05 08:09Laguna La Ilusión2
2020-07-18 07:31Laguna El Coyol2
2020-08-05 18:50Humedales por la Boticaria3
2020-08-05 08:42Laguna Lomas del Coyol1
2020-07-19 06:50Camino a Ejido Armando Zebadua4
2020-07-28 07:08RN Estatal Arroyo Moreno10
2020-07-31 07:11Lagos de Puente Moreno2
2020-07-12 19:00Laguna Mandinga Grande2
2020-07-11 07:07Río La Antigua—Paso Mariano2
2020-08-01 17:39Río Atliyac--Paso De Ovejas5
2020-07-19 07:02Laguna Miradores13
2020-08-05 05:49La Laguna-Valcanes2
2020-07-26 08:13Reserva Natural Xocotitla3
2020-08-05 04:08Reserva La Garnacha1
2020-08-02 07:56Parque Ecológico El Haya2
2020-07-25 16:06Planta de Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales CEMAS Coatepec (acceso restringido)5
2020-07-11 11:17Finca Santuario La Esperanza (acceso restringido)2
2020-07-26 08:20San Rafael Piña (pueblo)1
2020-07-26 10:14Laguna Cuscachapa1
2020-07-18 13:23Nacimiento del Río Atoyac3
2020-07-24 17:39Parque del Bicentenario (ANP El Espino-Bosque Los Pericos)1
2020-07-16 05:56Finca El Espino5
2020-07-21 07:15Finca El Amate2
2020-08-06 04:45Volcán Toliman4
2020-07-15 06:13Bosque de Chaguantique2
2020-07-13 06:07RNP Los Tarrales--potreros antes de la entrada6
2020-07-15 17:08Finca La Gracia1
2020-07-13 16:45Reserva Isla Juan Venado--Desembocadura San Juan Venado2
2020-08-07 15:31Reserva Privada Concepción de María2
2020-08-04 13:01Curubanda Lodge (Hotel Zelandia)2
2020-08-03 16:25Road to Tenorio National Park2
2020-07-18 16:23Bijagua—Hogar de las Aves1
2020-07-10 15:34Comandancia de Sarapiquí Road2
2020-07-31 05:55La Selva (OTS Reserve)--Road to Puerto Viejo River2
2020-07-27 10:48Selva Verde Lodge1
2020-08-04 07:49La Selva (OTS Reserve)2
2020-08-07 05:46Tirimbina Rainforest Center2
2020-07-10 06:57Las Arrieras Bird Observatory3
2020-08-02 15:53La Fortuna de San Carlos (Arenal)1
2020-07-23 07:47Sendero Bogarín2
2020-08-07 07:47E.A.R.T.H.
2020-07-23 10:44Catarata de La Fortuna2
2020-07-21 15:24Laguna de Arenal--Puerto San Luis12
2020-08-05 06:38Arenal Observatory Lodge2
2020-08-05 06:20Laguna Hule13
2020-07-17 17:57Suerre1
2020-07-30 07:02El Congal Rainforest1
2020-08-02 16:40Tilarán6
2020-07-22 11:50Virgen del Socorro2
2020-07-29 06:31El Tigre Waterfalls4
2020-08-03 05:31San Gerardo Biological Station (Monteverde)2
2020-08-03 05:35Camino a la estación San Gerardo.1
2020-07-20 05:49Las Trancas farm fields (Rt 254 to Playa Panama)1
2020-07-28 05:00Reserva Santa Elena--Main entrance area2
2020-08-07 12:56Refugio de Vida Silvestre Monteverde2
2020-07-15 06:45Monteverde--Santa Elena2
2020-07-26 17:18Hotel El Establo1
2020-08-05 09:56Monteverde--Cala Lodge1
2020-08-07 08:01Curi-Cancha Refugio de Vida Silvestre2
2020-08-05 11:49Monteverde--Cloud Forest Reserve3
2020-07-23 07:37Monteverde2
2020-07-31 06:02Stella's Bakery1
2020-07-16 09:25Valle Escondido Preserve2
2020-08-01 13:50Curicancha Reserve entrance road1
2020-07-23 07:33Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve--Entrance1
2020-08-02 16:59Hotel El Bosque - Monteverde2
2020-08-06 06:41Camino a la Reserva Alberto Manuel Brenes5
2020-07-23 09:30San Luis--Finca Ecológica1
2020-07-23 11:15San Luis Canopy 2
2020-07-20 16:33PN Braulio Carrillo--Bajo La Hondura1
2020-07-31 08:00San Luis de Grecia2
2020-07-21 15:50Monteverde--San Luis BR (Limited Access)2
2020-07-12 13:50Monte de la Cruz
2020-07-12 06:39Doka Estates Coffee Tour2
2020-07-22 07:15Castillo Country Club15
2020-08-04 15:20Bajo La Paz, San Ramón2
2020-07-23 07:01Finca Rosa Blanca4
2020-08-06 06:15Lomas Verdes2
2020-08-01 06:12UNA--Centro Recreativo10
2020-07-16 09:16Turrialba--Aquiares3
2020-07-26 06:00Parque Recreativo Municipal Los Chorros1
2020-07-28 17:14Hotel Bougainvillea
2020-08-02 09:49Alajuela Walmart Woods1
2020-07-22 15:30Alto Barrantes, Santiago1
2020-07-22 11:32Cariari Country Club (Belén)1
2020-08-07 13:15Rancho Naturalista2
2020-08-06 05:45Parque Metropolitano La Sabana2
2020-07-25 06:34Río Tuis ZP--near Rancho Naturalista2
2020-07-25 05:42San Antonio de Platanillo--near Rancho Naturalista1
2020-07-25 06:08Rancho Naturalista--Cerro El Silencio2
2020-07-14 17:47Hotel Quelitales2
2020-07-30 12:52Coris-Bermejo2
2020-07-23 05:32El Rodeo--Calle Pasto13
2020-08-06 06:41UCR Recinto de Paraíso2
2020-07-17 12:56Kiri Lodge5
2020-08-02 13:04PN Tapanti--Sector Tapanti1
2020-07-27 07:10RF Río Macho, Cartago--camino ICE16
2020-07-12 07:29Reserva Robles Mimosos Ecolodge3
2020-07-09 11:26Road from Villa Lapas to Pura Vida Waterfall Gardens1
2020-07-27 05:29Macaw Lodge2
2020-08-05 14:47Reserva Biológica Nosara (Lagarta)2
2020-07-14 07:46Playa Guiones4
2020-07-26 06:30Jacó--Humedales Quebrada Bonita2
2020-07-11 05:30Portasol living Birder House2
2020-07-12 09:00Hotel Quinta Decreto1
2020-07-28 18:10Camino al Cocodrilario3
2020-07-25 06:20ANP Meseta de Cacaxtla--Rancho Las Palomas3
2020-08-02 06:47Roca Colorada Parque Natural Cerritos1
2020-08-07 09:15Parque Sinaloa1