The Cape sparrow or mossie (Passer melanurus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae found in southern Africa. A medium-sized sparrow at 14–16 centimetres (5.5–6.3 in), it has distinctive plumage including large pale head stripes. Both sexes are mostly coloured grey, brown, and chestnut, and the male has some black and white markings on its head and neck. It inhabits semi-arid savannah, cultivated areas, and towns, and ranges from the central coast of Angola to eastern South Africa and Swaziland. Three subspecies are distinguished.

Cape sparrows are primarily granivorous, and also eat soft plant parts and insects. The birds typically breed in colonies and gather in large, often nomadic flocks while not breeding. The nest can be constructed in a variety of locations, in a tree or a bush in a hole or an empty nest of another species. A typical clutch contains three or four eggs, and both parents are involved in breeding from nest building to feeding young. The Cape sparrow is common in most of its range and coexists successfully in urban habitats with two of its relatives, the introduced house sparrow and native southern grey-headed sparrow. The population has not been recorded decreasing significantly, so according to the IUCN Red List the species is not threatened.
Cape Sparrow
Date Location Count
2020-10-29 09:01Koa Dunes1
2020-10-29 16:18Upington--Sun River Kalahari Lodge2
2020-11-13 10:08West Coast NP8
2020-11-15 10:12West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity2
2020-10-30 09:09West Coast NP--West Coast Gate5
2020-11-21 11:33Mooreesburg
2020-11-11 05:48Cape Town--Sea Point2
2020-11-22 17:18Malmesbury5
2020-11-04 12:40Rietvlei Wetlands Reserve40
2020-11-14 13:08Table Bay Nature Reserve--Milnerton Racecourse
2020-11-17 14:33Intaka Island15
2020-11-21 10:19Riebeek-Kasteel (general area)
2020-11-27 16:50Tygerberg Nature Reserve20
2020-11-21 09:18Kirstenhof Wetland1
2020-11-13 08:06Zandvlei Bird Sanctuary2
2020-11-21 11:30Rondevlei Nature Reserve1
2020-11-13 16:30Strandfontein WTP2
2020-10-31 07:22Stellenboschberg--Lower Trail2
2020-11-21 12:57Lourens River Mouth
2020-11-07 16:28Dick Dent Bird Sanctuary2
2020-11-25 06:37Helderberg Nature Reserve3
2020-10-31 15:25Pollock Park8
2020-11-14 07:24Platbos Forest2
2020-10-30 11:00Agulhas Plains (general area)6
2020-10-30 06:30De Hoop Nature Reserve6
2020-11-19 06:53Roodekopjes Dam Nature Reserve7
2020-11-22 06:06Breedtsnek Pass1
2020-11-27 09:54Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden7
2020-11-19 06:10Eagle Canyon Golf Estate2
2020-11-01 07:30Dinokeng Game Reserve (Please be more precise)5
2020-11-07 07:40Bishop Bird Park
2020-11-24 08:33University of Pretoria--Experimental Farm3
2020-11-15 06:05Candlewoods Wetland
2020-11-25 07:42Rietvlei Nature Reserve6
2020-11-26 06:37Norkem Park28
2020-11-10 13:57Kempton Park6
2020-11-15 05:40Thokoza Wetland2
2020-10-31 06:51Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve1
2020-11-24 12:26Marievale Bird Sanctuary4
2020-11-24 11:43Marievale Bird Sanctuary--Hadeda Hide2
2020-11-13 08:16Devon Grasslands IBA (Gauteng Province)5
2020-11-01 10:14Mountain Zebra NP2
2020-11-19 07:59Lydenburg
2020-11-15 10:02Daggakraal2
2020-11-21 07:17Happy Valley Nature Reserve8
2020-11-14 09:21Wakkerstroom area--Zaaihoek Dam to Groenvlei3
2020-11-14 14:26Dirkiesdorp Plain3
2020-11-14 05:05Wakkerstroom - Yellow-breasted Pipit Fields (KZN)3
2020-11-21 12:43R600 - Winterton to Champagne Castle2
2020-11-24 10:19Fort Nottingham NR1
2020-10-29 13:20Midmar Dam - North Shore (Main Gate)4
2020-10-29 11:44Hilton - Garlington Estate4