The Cape sparrow or mossie (Passer melanurus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae found in southern Africa. A medium-sized sparrow at 14–16 centimetres (5.5–6.3 in), it has distinctive plumage including large pale head stripes. Both sexes are mostly coloured grey, brown, and chestnut, and the male has some black and white markings on its head and neck. It inhabits semi-arid savannah, cultivated areas, and towns, and ranges from the central coast of Angola to eastern South Africa and Swaziland. Three subspecies are distinguished.

Cape sparrows are primarily granivorous, and also eat soft plant parts and insects. The birds typically breed in colonies and gather in large, often nomadic flocks while not breeding. The nest can be constructed in a variety of locations, in a tree or a bush in a hole or an empty nest of another species. A typical clutch contains three or four eggs, and both parents are involved in breeding from nest building to feeding young. The Cape sparrow is common in most of its range and coexists successfully in urban habitats with two of its relatives, the introduced house sparrow and native southern grey-headed sparrow. The population has not been recorded decreasing significantly, so according to the IUCN Red List the species is not threatened.
Cape Sparrow
Date Location Count
2020-02-18 06:55Etosha NP (Oshikoto Province)5
2020-02-17 17:45Etotongwe Lodge5
2020-02-16 08:36Swakopmund (general area)30
2020-02-17 09:14Walvis Bay--salt pans15
2020-02-15 15:47Walvis Bay--waterfront8
2020-02-16 11:43Goanikontes Oasis10
2020-02-15 13:40Rooibank6
2020-02-20 09:03Sossusvlei52
2020-02-14 06:30Sossusvlei--Access Road40
2020-02-11 18:50Quivertree Forest Rest Camp2
2020-02-12 12:30Fish River Canyon--Canon Lodge8
2020-02-11Kgalagadi TFCA (South Africa portion - be more specific)
2020-02-12 10:37Paternoster
2020-01-31 08:30Paternoster to St Helena Bay17
2020-02-04 16:00R399--Vredenburg to Paternoster4
2020-02-14 10:00Berg River Estuary2
2020-02-17 14:35Kliphoek Salt Pans4
2020-02-22 16:45West Coast NP--Seeberg hide4
2020-02-17 09:12West Coast NP1
2020-02-15 09:16West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity
2020-02-04 07:59Darling Hills/Groote Post Road16
2020-02-17 07:11Ganzekraal Road6
2020-02-15 07:49Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden1
2020-01-29 08:29Intaka Island24
2020-02-22 17:46Wildevoelvlei1
2020-02-16 16:49Rondevlei Nature Reserve3
2020-02-20 14:00Strandfontein WTP1
2020-02-06 06:31Tulbagh Local Nature Reserve10
2020-02-09 11:00Gydo Pass5
2020-02-05 17:10Swellendam (general area)1
2020-02-19 17:10Potteberg Guest Farm3
2020-02-19 08:32De Hoop Nature Reserve10
2020-02-22 09:45Marrick Game Lodge2
2020-02-16 16:58Benfontein Nature Reserve7
2020-02-09 10:11Kgomo-Kgomo2
2020-02-09 06:04Zaagkuildrift Rd (Please be more specific)
2020-02-08 07:31Soetdoring Nature Reserve1
2020-02-20 07:19Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden6
2020-02-16 09:00Diepsloot Nature Reserve4
2020-02-02 10:34Rooiwal WTP1
2020-02-19 07:41Eagle Canyon Golf Estate6
2020-02-19 09:01Golden Harvest Park2
2020-01-29 16:52Norscot Koppies Kingfisher Nature Reserve25
2020-02-18 08:38Jukskei River5
2020-02-15 02:32President Ridge Bird Sanctuary2
2020-01-31 12:26Bishop Bird Park1
2020-01-28 10:00Pretoria National Botanical Garden3
2020-02-09 11:14Free State Botanical Gardens9
2020-01-28 06:35Faerie Glen Nature Reserve10
2020-02-18 07:41Rietvlei Nature Reserve6
2020-02-06 07:00OR Tambo International Airport3
2020-02-16 09:12Rustfontein Nature Reserve1
2020-01-24 13:43Wilge River Valley (upper)1
2020-02-16 08:25Marievale Bird Sanctuary5
2020-02-15 12:00Marievale Bird Sanctuary--Flamingo Hide1
2020-02-15 07:36Marievale Bird Sanctuary--Hadeda Hide1
2020-02-20 10:06Azlu Rest Stop1
2020-02-03Hannah Game Lodge6
2020-02-20 09:47Addo Elephant NP--Main Rest Camp1
2020-01-27 19:29Kruger NP--Trichardt Rd2
2020-01-26 09:00Sani Pass (LS)2
2020-01-25 06:00Sani Lodge Backpackers2
2020-01-26 14:00Midmar Dam - South Shore (Thurlow Gate)2
2020-02-05 08:45Cedara Agricultural College Conservancy4