The Cape sparrow or mossie (Passer melanurus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae found in southern Africa. A medium-sized sparrow at 14–16 centimetres (5.5–6.3 in), it has distinctive plumage including large pale head stripes. Both sexes are mostly coloured grey, brown, and chestnut, and the male has some black and white markings on its head and neck. It inhabits semi-arid savannah, cultivated areas, and towns, and ranges from the central coast of Angola to eastern South Africa and Swaziland. Three subspecies are distinguished.

Cape sparrows are primarily granivorous, and also eat soft plant parts and insects. The birds typically breed in colonies and gather in large, often nomadic flocks while not breeding. The nest can be constructed in a variety of locations, in a tree or a bush in a hole or an empty nest of another species. A typical clutch contains three or four eggs, and both parents are involved in breeding from nest building to feeding young. The Cape sparrow is common in most of its range and coexists successfully in urban habitats with two of its relatives, the introduced house sparrow and native southern grey-headed sparrow. The population has not been recorded decreasing significantly, so according to the IUCN Red List the species is not threatened.
Cape Sparrow
Date Location Count
2021-03-02 12:48Kgalagadi TFCA--Twee Rivieren Camp2
2021-02-12 10:11Askham2
2021-02-09 15:22Cape Columbine Nature Reserve9
2021-02-27 08:11Paternoster to St Helena Bay30
2021-02-21 11:41Kliphoek Salt Pans5
2021-02-13 07:52West Coast NP2
2021-03-01 09:09West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity5
2021-03-01 07:15West Coast NP--Geelbek Salt Pans1
2021-02-07 13:21West Coast NP--Abrahamskraal hide1
2021-02-21 12:02Sanddrif20
2021-02-12 08:51Cape Town--Mouille Point1
2021-02-15 12:42Rietvlei Wetlands Reserve10
2021-03-03 16:30Intaka Island2
2021-02-28 07:15Kommetjie--Lighthouse20
2021-02-27 15:00Tokai Forest
2021-02-20 11:15Tygerberg Nature Reserve10
2021-03-04 07:34Kirstenhof Wetland4
2021-03-03 10:00Rondevlei Nature Reserve4
2021-03-02 12:15Strandfontein WTP1
2021-03-04 10:14Paardevlei5
2021-02-11 08:01Helderberg Nature Reserve2
2021-02-06 13:57Betty's Bay (general area)2
2021-02-28 15:13Marakele NP2
2021-02-06 07:02Karoo NP--Klipspringer Pass Road2
2021-02-05 16:01Karoo NP--Main Rest Camp1
2021-02-28 12:18Abe Bailey Nature Reserve3
2021-02-26 05:49Kgomo-Kgomo2
2021-02-06 17:43Karoo Gariep Nature Reserve3
2021-02-17 10:19Soetdoring Nature Reserve8
2021-02-11 09:40Houtrivier Dam3
2021-02-08 20:08Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden--Ruimsig Falls1
2021-02-09 15:00Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden5
2021-02-11 05:51Diepsloot Nature Reserve5
2021-02-19 08:00Eagle Canyon Golf Estate5
2021-02-26 18:02Dainfern4
2021-03-01 12:15Golden Harvest Park6
2021-02-17 11:45Norscot Koppies Kingfisher Nature Reserve10
2021-02-20 07:15Northcliff Ridge Eco Park2
2021-02-13 16:21President Ridge Bird Sanctuary4
2021-02-10 06:39Rietfontein Nature Reserve2
2021-02-27 10:49Bishop Bird Park1
2021-02-27 09:12Pretoria National Botanical Garden14
2021-02-20 06:33Roodeplaat Dam Nature Reserve1
2021-02-03 06:45Naturena5
2021-02-07 07:01Faerie Glen Nature Reserve2
2021-02-27 10:11Rietvlei Nature Reserve1
2021-02-14 06:14Mkhombo Nature Reserve1
2021-02-22 18:03Bonaero Pan2
2021-02-21 06:00Thokoza Wetland2
2021-02-13 12:54Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve11
2021-02-05 06:44Garingboom Guest Farm2
2021-02-13 06:26Marievale Bird Sanctuary--Hadeda Hide1
2021-02-27 07:34Devon Grasslands IBA (Gauteng Province)2
2021-02-27 08:35Devon Grasslands IBA (Mpumalanga Province)8
2021-02-15 06:30Leeupan (Mpumalanga Province)5
2021-02-25 15:00Mountain Zebra NP
2021-02-20 14:15Alzu Rest Stop2
2021-02-14 14:00Harrismith6
2021-02-08 06:18Wakkerstroom area (Please be more specific)11
2021-02-21 14:19Midmar Dam--North Shore (Main Gate)2
2021-02-21 15:22Midmar Dam--South Shore (Thurlow Gate)2
2021-02-20 06:50Cedara Agricultural College Conservancy1
2021-02-12 00:00Pietermaritzburg--General area2
2021-02-10 05:14Pietermaritzburg--UKZN Agricultural Gardens1
2021-02-13 05:59Pietermaritzburg--Bisley Road2
2021-02-13 07:08Pietermaritzburg--Bisley Valley NR6
2021-03-02 07:31Pietermaritzburg--Darvill Resources Park2
2021-02-14 08:47Tala Private GR4
2021-02-13 07:05Hole in the Wall2