The Cape sparrow or mossie (Passer melanurus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae found in southern Africa. A medium-sized sparrow at 14–16 centimetres (5.5–6.3 in), it has distinctive plumage including large pale head stripes. Both sexes are mostly coloured grey, brown, and chestnut, and the male has some black and white markings on its head and neck. It inhabits semi-arid savannah, cultivated areas, and towns, and ranges from the central coast of Angola to eastern South Africa and Swaziland. Three subspecies are distinguished.

Cape sparrows are primarily granivorous, and also eat soft plant parts and insects. The birds typically breed in colonies and gather in large, often nomadic flocks while not breeding. The nest can be constructed in a variety of locations, in a tree or a bush in a hole or an empty nest of another species. A typical clutch contains three or four eggs, and both parents are involved in breeding from nest building to feeding young. The Cape sparrow is common in most of its range and coexists successfully in urban habitats with two of its relatives, the introduced house sparrow and native southern grey-headed sparrow. The population has not been recorded decreasing significantly, so according to the IUCN Red List the species is not threatened.
Cape Sparrow
Date Location Count
2021-07-08 12:55Grosse Spitzkoppe Nature Reserve2
2021-07-02 15:07Kgalagadi TFCA--Samevloeiing Pan55
2021-07-03 07:52Kgalagadi TFCA--Twee Rivieren Camp17
2021-07-03 08:40Kuruman Nature Reserve2
2021-06-30 07:22Kalahari Monate Lodge2
2021-07-11 14:58Green Point Park2
2021-07-25 14:16Blouberg--Dolphin Beach1
2021-07-17 15:00Die Oog Bird Sanctuary12
2021-07-25 15:21Kirstenhof Wetland4
2021-07-19 12:37Majik Forest
2021-07-04 19:15Silvermine River Wetlands8
2021-07-25 08:29Macassar Sewage Works2
2021-07-18 09:11Stellenboschberg--Lower Trail8
2021-07-11 08:05Strand--Lourens River7
2021-07-10 14:40Pollock Park15
2021-07-09 08:17Mogobane Reservoir2
2021-07-05 11:42Marataba Lodge
2021-07-11 08:56Karoo Gariep Nature Reserve2
2021-07-19 08:45Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden6
2021-07-10 11:13Diepsloot Nature Reserve2
2021-07-13 10:46Kloofendal Municipal Nature Reserve20
2021-07-19 06:55Eagle Canyon Golf Estate6
2021-07-09 16:21The Lakes Park5
2021-07-23 14:43Dainfern1
2021-07-25 10:47Golden Harvest Park8
2021-07-04 08:54Loerie Park4
2021-07-25 15:34Norscot Koppies Kingfisher Nature Reserve2
2021-07-25 12:11Jukskei River2
2021-07-10 13:47Lonehill Park and Municipal Nature Reserve2
2021-07-03 08:16Northcliff Ridge Eco Park7
2021-07-16 10:44Rietfontein Nature Reserve1
2021-07-04 07:23President Ridge Bird Sanctuary4
2021-07-25 09:53Darrenwood Dam3
2021-07-16 09:41Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary2
2021-06-27 06:30Modderfontein Reserve3
2021-07-11 09:46Moreleta Kloof Nature Reserve5
2021-06-27 12:44Rietvlei Nature Reserve1
2021-07-11 11:07Meyer's Farm
2021-07-18 09:00Polokwane GR8
2021-07-18 08:53Sunrock Guesthouse3
2021-07-24 06:49OR Tambo International Airport6
2021-07-25 07:30Thokoza Wetland8
2021-07-10 12:14Bullfrog Dam3
2021-07-21 08:07Korsman Bird Sanctuary
2021-07-02 08:59Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve--Ridge Top Drive2
2021-06-28 10:00Garingboom Guest Farm
2021-07-20 14:41Marievale Bird Sanctuary4
2021-06-27 16:18Witbank Nature Reserve1
2021-07-19 08:30Leeupan (Mpumalanga Province)2
2021-07-03 11:00Secunda
2021-06-27 10:30Mafika Lisiu Pass3
2021-07-14 09:18Kwandwe Private Game Reserve1
2021-07-24 09:06Pietermaritzburg--Bisley Valley NR2