The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2021-06-13 11:00Orrevatnet--Orreosen1
2021-05-25 07:30Bacucco1
2021-05-16 06:55Ottenby--södra udde1
2021-06-11 07:59Beka Natural Reserve4
2021-06-05 09:14Broängarnas NR1
2021-06-09 08:11Rezerwat Torfowe Kłyle1
2021-06-13 06:05Rusnė island (Rusnės sala)1
2021-05-23 09:30Biebrza NP--Długa Luka1
2021-05-16 10:10Pori--Kirrinsanta Technipin allas1
2021-05-23 12:14Siemianówka Reservoir (IBA PL170)2
2021-06-10 13:38Siemianówka Lake--Krowie Wyspy meadows1
2021-05-23 12:34Рыбхоз Днепробугский (Dnieprabuhski Fishery)3
2021-06-10 07:03Papio Ornithological Preserve (Papio ornitologinis draustinis)2
2021-05-20 07:33Espoo--Laajalahti, Maarin lintutorni1
2021-05-16 10:40Кулачківський став (Kulachkivs'kyi Pond)1
2021-05-22 09:20Південний Буг р.--сх. від с. Русанівці (Pivdennyi Buh River--E of Rusanivtsi)2
2021-06-12 07:20Долина р. Будичина--р. Руда (Budychyna River valley--Ruda River)4
2021-05-16 11:11Рыбхоз Волма (Volma fish farm)
2021-06-05 08:04Eskil2
2021-05-28 10:09ÖKA Sultansazlığı--Sultansazlığı Kuş Cenneti4
2021-06-13 10:14Вільхуватка/Мжа злиття річок (Vil'khuvatka/Mzha rivers confluence)3
2021-05-30 17:20Карачарово (Karacharovo General Area)1
2021-06-12 06:49Сіверський Донець/Гнилиця (Sivers'kyi Donets/Hnylytsya)2
2021-06-06 14:33Лотошинский Рыбхоз (Lotoshino Fish Farm)3
2021-05-27 10:07Леб'яже оз. (Lebyazhe Lake)8
2021-05-22 06:59Великий Бурлук р.--сх. від Базаліївки (Velykyi Burluk River--E of Bazaliivka)3
2021-05-19 16:07Tödürge Gölü, Zara, SİVAS2
2021-06-12 09:37Нарские Пруды (Nara Fish Farm Ponds)
2021-05-26 12:00Окрестности деревень Акулово и Сохино (Akulovo and Sokhino Environs)1
2021-05-28 10:22Река Ока--Между Серпуховым и Пущино (Oka River--Between Serpukhov And Puschino)3
2021-05-18 06:45Бурцевские пруды (Burtsevkiy ponds)4
2021-05-23 12:02Яхромская пойма (Yakhroma Floodplain)2
2021-06-04 13:31окрестности Беляниново (Belyaninovo environments)2
2021-05-30 08:45Остров (Ostrov Village General Area)1
2021-05-25 15:52Рыбхоз Бисерово (Biserovo Fish Farm)2
2021-05-26 17:12Константиново (Konstantinovo)1
2021-05-16 17:26Поле Рядом С Черепково (Field Near Cherepkovo)2
2021-06-06 10:08Виноградовская Пойма (Vinogradovo Floodplains)1
2021-06-05 13:39Дединовская Пойма (Dedinovo Floodplains)1
2021-06-14 15:05Озеро Лакаш (Lakash Lake)1
2021-05-30 08:00Çıldır Gölü - Genel Alan1
2021-05-30 16:00IBA Erçek Gölü1
2021-06-08 14:40IBA Erçek Gölü--Karagündüz1
2021-05-16 07:01Tengiz--South Evaporation Ponds (restricted access)1
2021-05-20 04:55Ижевск--Ижевский Пруд у Проезда Дерябина (Izhevsk--Izhevskiy Prud Near Proezd Deryabina)2
2021-06-02 15:20Ижевск--Набережная (Izhevsk--Naberezhnaya)1
2021-06-10 19:00Парк Победы (Park Pobedy)
2021-06-11 09:43Lake Shoshkakol; (IBA KZ074)1
2021-05-29 07:05Душанбе--пули Карамов болои дарёи Варзоб (Dushanbe--Karamov Bridge over Varzob River)1
2021-05-29 07:57Обанбори Сиёми [Дастрасӣ ба хиёбони Шерозӣ] (Siyomi Impoundments [Sherozi Avenue access])1
2021-06-08 15:00Narkara Wetland Badgam1
2021-06-01 07:15Dal Lake2
2021-05-19 12:20Foreshore Road4
2021-05-23 11:53Sonamarg1
2021-06-14 19:12Spituk6
2021-06-13 05:30Leh, Ladakh2
2021-06-08 16:29Nubra valley--Sumur
2021-05-18 14:41Sindhu Ghat16
2021-06-09 10:29Shey--Holy Fish Pond1
2021-06-14 19:15Shey Marshes10
2021-06-14 17:58Stanba House, Ranbirpor, Thiksay, Ladakh8
2021-06-06 06:33Rumtse2
2021-06-05 11:36Tso Moriri--North End2
2021-05-22 14:00Punyakshetram1
2021-05-28 19:00蘑菇湖水库 (Mushroom Lake Reservoir)1
2021-05-23 11:00Dulaiti Cun (杜来提村)1
2021-05-18 14:00福海公园 (Fuhai Park)2
2021-05-27 09:00NE Ulungur Lake (乌伦古湖-东北部)1
2021-06-09 18:13Ekhiin Gol Settlement, Shinejinst, Bayankhongor, MN2
2021-05-27 07:30雪宝顶国家级自然保护区 (Xuebaoding NNR)4
2021-05-19 13:00Култук--Побережье (Kultuk--Shore)15
2021-05-19 18:18Bayan Lake, Bayannuur, Bulgan, MN1
2021-06-05 21:01Ново-Ленинский Озерно-Болотный Комплекс (Novo-Leninskiy Lake And Marsh Formation)3
2021-06-02 00:00Иркутск--Берег Реки Ангары в районе Ул. Свердлова (Irkutsk--Angara River Bank Near Ul. Sverdlova)2
2021-05-16 09:30沙湖--鸟岛 (Shahu--Bird Island)10
2021-05-20 18:35Seol Club1
2021-06-05 19:07Gun Galuut NR, UB, MN1
2021-06-01 10:34Steppe Nomads Camp, Gun Galuut NR, Khentii, MN2
2021-05-27 15:23Sainshand sewage pond, Sainshand, MN2
2021-06-07 07:26Chukh lake, Dashbalbar, Dornod, MN1
2021-05-24 08:21沙河水库 (Shahe Reservoir)1
2021-05-16 06:15奥林匹克森林公园-南园 (Olympic Forest Park-South Park)1
2021-05-18 07:01南汇东滩 (Nanhui Dongtan)2
2021-05-18 06:20韭山列岛国家级自然保护区 (Jiushan Islands NNR)1
2021-05-16 08:25獾子洞水库 (Huanzidong Reservoir)1