The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2020-11-29 07:56Habesor Reservoirs==מאגרי הבשור1
2020-11-17 10:17Rishon Letzion wetland אגמון ראשון לציון1
2020-11-18 06:55Timorim מט"ש תימורים1
2020-11-28 06:55Givat Brenner fields and ponds==גבעת ברנר שדות ומאגר1
2020-11-07 06:11Arsuf Kedem, Israel National Trail חוף ארסוף1
2020-11-22 14:26Poleg Marshes ביצות נחל פולג1
2020-11-29 08:37Ma'agan Michael Fishponds בריכות מעגן מיכאל1
2020-11-27 09:28Ma'agan Michael fishponds & beach (general) מעגן מיכאל בריכות וחוף (כללי)8
2020-11-17 11:48Ma'ayan Tzvi Fish Ponds בריכות מעיין צבי1
2020-11-27 07:28Nahsholim בריכות נחשולים1
2020-11-14 12:51Dor-ha-Bonim Beach Reserve שמורת חוף דור הבונים1
2020-11-08 09:44Matash Ayalon מט"ש איילון1
2020-11-25 13:19Gan Shmuel fishponds בריכות דגים גן שמואל1
2020-11-27 14:34Hama'apil Fishponds בריכות המעפיל1
2020-11-16 08:34Tsor'a fields שדות צרעה1
2020-11-07 06:15Ein Hamifratz Fishponds בריכות עין המפרץ2
2020-11-28 06:15International Birding and Research Center Eilat (IBRCE) מרכז הצפרות הבינלאומי אילת1
2020-11-30 11:49Tel Yosef fishponds בריכות דגים תל יוסף2
2020-11-11 15:42Bit Alfa Fish Ponds==בריכות דגים בית אלפא4
2020-11-19 11:29Hagome' junction fishponds בריכות דגים צומת הגומא1
2020-11-20 09:00Be'et Shean Valley--general area עמק בית שאן אזור כללי2
2020-11-30 08:15Maoz Hayim Fishponds בריכות מעוז חיים3
2020-11-19 13:18Tirat Zvi fish ponds בריכות טירת צבי1
2020-11-28 11:01Kfar Ruppin fishponds בריכות כפר רופין2
2020-11-28 06:29Maoz-Haim reservoir מאגר מעוז חיים2
2020-11-03 06:54Kfar Ruppin lower reservoirs כפר רופין מאגרים תחתונים8
2020-11-12 06:30Kfar Ruppin Amud Reservoir מאגר עמוד כפר רופין6
2020-11-13 09:55Tabuk--northern farms1
2020-11-27 06:27Sulaibiya Pivot Fields - Southern Section (Restricted Access)1
2020-11-27 07:30Sila'a--general area1
2020-11-06 07:00Sila'a--Harbour Marsh1
2020-11-20 16:30Mirfa Water Treatment Plant1
2020-11-10 16:00Mushrif Palace Gardens1
2020-11-21 08:20Saadiyat Island1
2020-11-14 16:45Mafraq Water Treatment Plant4
2020-11-20 07:00Ajban Farms2
2020-11-22 06:30Al Marmoom DCR--Al Qudra Pivots (no access)1
2020-11-22 07:10Dubai Safari Park1
2020-11-22 13:30Al-Zora Golf Club1
2020-11-27 06:59Al-Zora Nursery1
2020-11-21 06:47Ajman Water Treatment Plant2
2020-11-06 14:40Al Saad Farms 41
2020-11-23 16:15Zakher Lake2
2020-11-21 06:05Ain al-Fayda4
2020-11-06 10:05Al Ain Cement factory quarries3
2020-11-30 06:00Private estate near Green Mubazzarah3
2020-11-30 06:00Ra's al-Khaimah Khor--wide mangrove channel1
2020-11-30 06:00Tower Links Golf Course--Khuzam Road1
2020-11-20 08:03Wamm Farms1
2020-11-29 16:56Khor Fakkan canal1
2020-11-22 07:30Dhinchada Lake
2020-11-25 08:11Netsi Lake1
2020-11-14 08:30Saltpans on INS Valsura Rd1
2020-11-08 06:47Great Rann of Kachchh--Dholavira6
2020-11-28 17:00Vibhapar
2020-11-07 18:28Garida Dam1
2020-11-04 08:56Hingolgadh Nature Education Sanctuary1
2020-11-29 09:06Bhaskarpara Narmada Canal Area1
2020-11-01 08:10Kallar Kahar Lake2
2020-11-28 16:06Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary2
2020-11-08 13:27Rancharda Lake2
2020-11-19 16:19Juni Akhol1
2020-11-12 16:49Limbasi-Vastana Rd2
2020-11-14 15:09Sant Sarovar2
2020-11-08 15:40Narda Wetland1
2020-11-17 07:30Pariej Lake2
2020-11-28 07:30Viva wetlands, Virar1
2020-11-15 17:00Timbi Lake1
2020-11-11 07:45Gavdevi Mandir, Kharad-Malang1
2020-11-07 13:15Basantar Devak Course8
2020-11-01 08:54Jhal Thikriwala1
2020-11-20 15:50Sonvad Reservoir, Dhule2
2020-11-07 10:12Yeralwadi Dam4
2020-11-01 07:34Neota Talav2
2020-11-28 07:28Mattewara Forest1
2020-11-21 07:25Pong Dam--Nagrota Surian2
2020-11-21 06:35Lake Chandlai, Jaipur1
2020-11-28 07:00Barkhera1
2020-11-17 10:50Kishanpura (Machal) Wetland, Indore1
2020-11-27 08:30Sirpur Tank4
2020-11-17 14:05Rupnagar4
2020-11-01 07:06Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar--Punjab5
2020-11-02 14:53Mirzapur Check Dam2
2020-11-25 10:57MoteMajra Lake1
2020-11-22 07:00Baroda daulat2
2020-11-14 07:56Dighal12
2020-11-08 12:13Ghaggar Barrage1
2020-11-12 07:01Sukhna Lake Reserve Forest2
2020-11-12 09:29Suketri, Chandigarh2
2020-11-24 11:00Madothi jahjjar HR/IN
2020-11-16 11:00Kheda Jhanjhrola HR/IN50
2020-11-04 09:00Sultanpur Flats10
2020-11-29 12:00Budhera WTP, Gurgaon2
2020-11-29 08:05National Brain Research Centre Manesar IN-HR1
2020-11-22 22:52Najafgarh Jheel Area10
2020-11-22 08:00Dharampur (Najafgarh) Gurgaon
2020-11-22 07:55Basai Wetland8
2020-11-22 07:35DDA Water Body sector 23 Dwarka DL/IN1
2020-11-28 09:55Mangar Bani2
2020-11-25 12:41Mangar village1
2020-11-28 15:00Sanjay Van20
2020-11-26 16:00Sungarpur, Yamuna Khadar,Jhangola,IN-Del5
2020-11-07 08:12Yamuna Khadar, Wazirabad3
2020-11-11 13:50India Gate1
2020-11-30 09:15Yamuna Khadar,Geeta Colony IN/DL4
2020-11-19 11:00Chilla Khadar Mayur vihar IN-DL2
2020-11-30 08:01Okhla Bird Sanctuary8
2020-11-22 08:15Kalindi Kinj Park2
2020-11-14 19:27Okhla Bird Sanctuary2
2020-11-12 10:00Amipur faridabad IN-HR2
2020-11-21 07:30Surajpur Police line2
2020-11-14 15:22Surajpur Wetlands2
2020-11-29 07:37Bharatpur--Keoladeo Ghana NP3
2020-11-22 08:15Dhanauri Wetlands -- Dhanauri Kalan East3
2020-11-29 13:37Dhanauri Wetlands2
2020-11-09 13:55Ramsagar Wildlife Sanctuary2
2020-11-06 07:37Yamuna River Bed at General ganj, Mathura1
2020-11-12 08:45Van Vihar NP2
2020-11-27 07:34Wildlife Institute of India Campus1
2020-11-08 07:50Jodhpur Jhal Bird Sanctuary1
2020-11-30 08:21Outskirts of Doon University4
2020-11-30 13:00Haiderpur Wetlands and Ganga Barrage1
2020-11-07 07:07Chilla Range--Ganga Bank1
2020-11-07 08:23Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary10
2020-11-01 09:06Kaudiya/Gangabhogpur -- Rajaji NP1
2020-11-24 07:18Rajaji National Park2
2020-11-21 16:28Maluaa1
2020-11-23 16:23Chambal Safari Lodge1
2020-11-19 06:23Teda1
2020-11-23 15:55Krishnampathi Lake, Seeranaickenpalayam1
2020-11-25 07:53Sarus Crane Wetlands Saifai near Kirthua1
2020-11-23 07:00Baur Reservoir, Haldwani4
2020-11-14 08:30Indian Veterinary Research Institute Bareilly4
2020-11-27 07:48Gorewada Lake, Nagpur1
2020-11-21 06:45Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai1
2020-11-28 15:30Dudhwa National Park2
2020-11-22 08:30Malookpur Wetland2
2020-11-20 07:30Kiliyur Tank1
2020-11-15 16:02Gomti Riverfront Park
2020-11-29 07:30Korattur Lake1
2020-11-30 07:04Nanmangalam Reserve Forest2
2020-11-05 07:02Edupugallu Pond2
2020-11-19 09:07Ram Nagar Swamps, Madipakkam1
2020-11-21 07:20Pallikaranai Marsh--NIOT end2
2020-11-21 07:00Pallikaranai Marsh (பள்ளிக்கரணை சதுப்பு நிலம்)2
2020-11-29 08:15Pallikaranai Marsh--Southwest Watchtower (பள்ளிக்கரணை சதுப்புநிலம் - தென்மேற்கு கவனிப்பு கோபுரம்)1
2020-11-21 08:36Pallikaranai Marsh--Karapakkam5
2020-11-29 06:35Sholinganallur/Perumbakkam Marshlands1
2020-11-21 09:50Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras3
2020-11-19 09:00SSN Institutions1
2020-11-21 11:30Sholinganallur Lake2
2020-11-29 07:34Gudhiyari Wetlands, Raipur2
2020-11-30 07:30WRS Colony, Raipur8
2020-11-08 06:20Barbanda Pond and Surroundings1
2020-11-14 07:00Kolleru Bird Sanctuary50
2020-11-08 15:30Barnawapara WLS1
2020-11-14 06:07Mudasarlova Reservoir4
2020-11-06 06:43Chitwan National Park - Madi Kalyanpur6
2020-11-05 09:46Chitwan National Park - Tikauli Jungle7
2020-11-17 08:00Chitwan National Park - General1
2020-11-22 14:17Mangalajodi Wetlands1
2020-11-21 08:07Anshupa Lake1
2020-11-28 07:45Chandaka Reserve Forest, Bhubaneswar, Odisha2
2020-11-19 08:00Mundali1
2020-11-07 12:44Koshi Barrage2
2020-11-07 07:57Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve1
2020-11-06 06:30T M Bhagalpur University Campus3
2020-11-09 07:09Mukutmanipur2
2020-11-29 06:52Farakka IBA Panchanandapur3
2020-11-14 12:20Sagardighi Ash Pond1
2020-11-08 06:00Chumarigacha1
2020-11-19 14:47Fulbari Grassland4
2020-11-22 15:15Binpara3
2020-11-21 15:31Kadkhali2
2020-11-25 11:15Gajoldoba Barrage JG2
2020-11-28 09:00Purbasthali Bird Sanctuary PUB2
2020-11-29 07:23Diara30
2020-11-28 06:45Boshipota4
2020-11-29 06:45Baidyabati DVC Canal
2020-11-15 19:34Bortibeel30
2020-11-22 14:00Teesta riverbed JG2
2020-11-30 07:04Teesta Spar JG1
2020-11-10 06:32Sahapur12
2020-11-29 09:20Baruipur Marshes1
2020-11-23 15:52Simla Park (Rajshahi)2
2020-11-29 07:34Rajarhat Wetlands Proposed Silicon Valley Land2
2020-11-20 07:09Rajshahi University Campus (Rajshahi)5
2020-11-30 07:00Rajarhat Wetlands I2
2020-11-26 06:45Munia Zone (Rajarhat)2
2020-11-30 10:57Padma River & Chars (Rajshahi)4
2020-11-30 08:09Nandagarh, Barasat1
2020-11-08 15:29Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Kolkata1
2020-11-28 06:04Jaguli grassland2
2020-11-03 07:00Sundarbans--Kotka2
2020-11-30 06:47New Vision Eco City (Dhaka)8
2020-11-03 18:36National Botanical Garden - Dhaka2
2020-11-07 07:20Diabari (Dhaka)1
2020-11-23 15:45Arakul (Dhaka)7
2020-11-28 06:13Purbachal - Turag River (Dhaka)2
2020-11-04 10:06Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary7
2020-11-09 08:35Amchang WLS6
2020-11-12 08:00Orang National Park4
2020-11-22 15:35Lake Brahmputra near Kolia Bhomora Setu Bridge4
2020-11-08 07:54Kaziranga West Zone, Assam, IN (26.583, 93.291)6
2020-11-30 20:55Hatikhuli Tea Estate3
2020-11-06 14:32Kaziranga NP--Kohora Range17
2020-11-20 06:20Bor Sola Beel (Wetland)5
2020-11-25 13:30Missamari Beel5
2020-11-18 06:00Maguri Beel
2020-11-26 08:13Nabang--general area (那邦)2
2020-11-07 09:40Zhandahe River (盏达河)1
2020-11-26 17:10Mae Taeng Irrigation Project1
2020-11-25 08:30Wat Pa Yang Tok vicinity2
2020-11-01 09:12Wang Man paddies2
2020-11-15 14:56景洪 (Jinghong (Xishuangbanna) General Area)
2020-11-05 08:10Vientiane--That Luang Lake & fields1
2020-11-23 08:20Vientiane--Donkoi (fields & river)1
2020-11-01 07:39Khon Kaen University--wastewater treatment ponds1
2020-11-02 11:30Ban Pha Pong Wetland1
2020-11-27 15:35Long Valley1