The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2019-05-06 12:30Beijershamn1
2019-05-18 17:29Helsinki--Vanhankaupunginlahti Pornaistenniemi lintutorni1
2019-05-12 06:00Kolka1
2019-05-06 14:57Rusne Island1
2019-05-10 10:00Biebrza NP--Goniądz area4
2019-05-13 11:40Лотошинский Рыбхоз (Lotoshino Fish Farm)3
2019-05-11 13:48Дамба за Телешово (Teleshovo dam)1
2019-05-12 15:02Карачарово (Karacharovo General Area)2
2019-05-18 09:05Виноградовская Пойма (Vinogradovo Floodplains)6
2019-05-08 07:30Озеро Лакаш (Lakash Lake)3
2019-05-11 06:40Ижевск--Ижевский Пруд у Проезда Дерябина (Izhevsk--Izhevskiy Prud Near Proezd Deryabina)4
2019-05-16 10:30Tsiknias River (lower area), Lesvos1
2019-05-05 22:40Kalloni Salt Pans, Lesvos1
2019-05-08 13:00Kocaçay Deltası - Genel2
2019-05-16 07:00Gölbaşı Sel kapanı1
2019-05-10 06:00International Birding and Research Center Eilat (IBRCE) מרכז הצפרות הבינלאומי אילת1
2019-05-17 11:15Çıldır Gölü Güneydoğu Kıyısı5
2019-05-08 05:05IBA Kuyucuk Gölü1
2019-05-11 08:14ATLAS KARESİ 38SLJ79-492
2019-05-16 16:40Seabuckthorn plantation1
2019-05-08 19:05Baihu (白湖)2
2019-05-10 08:17Suketri, Chandigarh4
2019-05-07 06:15Sultanpur Flats1
2019-05-12 09:23BUDHERA WTP (GURGAON)2
2019-05-18 09:45Najafgarh Jheel Area2
2019-05-12 06:40Basai Wetland
2019-05-10 12:30Sindhu Ghat4
2019-05-10 05:45Shey--Holy Fish Pond2
2019-05-19 08:50Okhla Bird Sanctuary2
2019-05-11 07:20Surajpur Police line1
2019-05-06 06:30Ganga Barrage Bijnor2
2019-05-11 11:07Swan pond7
2019-05-12 17:06Nogoon nuur9
2019-05-18 12:53Songino resort area1
2019-05-13 14:29Seol Club1
2019-05-06 15:00Manas NP2
2019-05-09 15:52Chaka Salt Lake (茶卡盐湖)2
2019-05-17 15:31Wild Flower Lake (Huahu)1
2019-05-16 12:42Gonggangling Pass1
2019-05-08 14:30兰州--黄河岸公园 (Lanzhou--Yellow River Bank Park)4
2019-05-19 04:00Ma Chang10
2019-05-18 08:37Shahe Reservoir5
2019-05-08 08:21温榆河 (Wenyu River)2
2019-05-19 05:11Nanpu Mudflat1
2019-05-08 07:09金門--浯江溪口(Kinmen--Wujiang River Mouth)1