The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2019-02-09 12:15Delta de l'Ebre PNat--Platja de la Marquesa1
2019-02-09 13:45Kfar HaRif reservoir מאגר כפר הרי"ף1
2019-02-14 16:20Kfar Menachem Sewage==ביוב כפר מנחם1
2019-02-07 10:05Heftziba Fishponds בריכות חפציבה3
2019-02-15 08:30Hula Valley Nature Reserve שמורת החולה5
2019-02-06 12:25Kfar Ruppin fishponds בריכות כפר רופין1
2019-02-08 07:00Sila'a--general area1
2019-02-16 08:10Al Wathba Wetland Reserve2
2019-02-15 07:39Saih al Salam--Al Qudra Lake and surroundings1
2019-02-16 06:50Ajman Water Treatment Plant7
2019-02-04 11:00Raysut Settling Pools1
2019-02-06 09:16Khawr Barr al Hikman--north1
2019-02-17 09:29Bor Talav (Gaurishankar Lake)5
2019-02-05 09:55Polo Forest3
2019-02-17 12:28Badi Talab1
2019-02-17 07:17Rani road, lake Fateh Sagar, Udaipur1
2019-02-17Timbi Lake1
2019-02-17 17:11Pichola Lake, Udaipur1
2019-02-17 08:16Govardhan Sagar Lake1
2019-02-14 08:21Udai Sagar Lake2
2019-02-10 07:20Padlegaon, Navi Mumbai1
2019-02-11 11:40Bharmela Pond Menar2
2019-02-11 13:20Menar Lake2
2019-02-09 08:52Anasagar Lake1
2019-02-10 08:00Nandur-Madhyameshwar bird sanctuary1
2019-02-08 07:30Barkhera5
2019-02-15 07:00Bhigwan -- Kumbhargaon Bird Sanctuary
2019-02-16 16:37Sariska NP--Mansarovar Lake (Mangalsar Dam)3
2019-02-06 16:00Suketri, Chandigarh10
2019-02-16 07:08Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Indore1
2019-02-12 06:35Ranthambore National Park1
2019-02-13 11:00Tiger Den Resort1
2019-02-10 08:24Talawali Chanda Lake1
2019-02-14 06:30Ranthambhore NP--Zone 31
2019-02-17 08:00Sultanpur National Park6
2019-02-16 11:30Sultanpur Flats3
2019-02-13 07:30Najafgarh Jheel Area
2019-02-17 07:50Amity University, Gurgaon--Herbal Garden2
2019-02-16 17:09Basai Wetland3
2019-02-10 08:20Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) Campus1
2019-02-17 11:10Sanjay Van1
2019-02-16 09:21Okhla Bird Sanctuary3
2019-02-12 15:00Dhanauri Wetlands -- Dhanauri Kalan East2
2019-02-16 15:08Bharatpur--Keoladeo Ghana NP1
2019-02-12 07:34Forest Research Institute (FRI), New Forest Campus1
2019-02-15 09:00Ganga Barrage Bijnor5
2019-02-17 10:12Amichand Gaushala7
2019-02-16 07:37Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve1
2019-02-17 11:46Gujjar Basti--Lake2
2019-02-04 16:31Madai--Around mudflat (seasonal)1
2019-02-15 15:30Savanga Lake, Amravati2
2019-02-11 09:39Bhimtal1
2019-02-10 08:15Manjeera Wildlife Sanctuary1
2019-02-17 06:45Ameenpur Lake, Hyderabad1
2019-02-09 07:00Matkazari Lake1
2019-02-13 06:42Dudhwa NP -- Palia Range1
2019-02-17 17:45Nanjarayan Tank (Koolipalayam Reservoir), Tiruppur1
2019-02-18 06:54Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Tirupati, Mangalam campus1
2019-02-16 07:15Gudhiyari Wetlands, Raipur1
2019-02-17 16:48WRS Colony, Raipur1
2019-02-17 06:39Adayar River Trail at Nandambakkam2
2019-02-16 06:50Pallikaranai Marshland (பள்ளிக்கரணை சதுப்பு நிலம்)1
2019-02-17 15:07Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras2
2019-02-10 08:04Pallikaranai Marshland - East/West Traverse1
2019-02-08 07:00Barnawapara WLS1
2019-02-07 06:18Mudasarlova Reservoir4
2019-02-17 08:55Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary2
2019-02-04 07:29Indira Gandhi Zoological Park1
2019-02-17 11:45Mangalajodi Wetlands, Tangi, Odisha9
2019-02-17 10:21Durgapur Barrage2
2019-02-06 08:00Bakreshwar Dam2
2019-02-17 07:02Old Panchanandapur Chaur (Farakka IBA)20
2019-02-10 07:00Teesta Barrage, Gajoldoba3
2019-02-08 10:06Teesta Barrage, Gajoldoba1
2019-02-09 12:52Botanical Garden, Kolkata1
2019-02-10 07:55Baidyabati DVC Canal13
2019-02-16 06:00Tashi Gasel Lodge to Samdrup Jongkhar checkpoint2
2019-02-15 06:00Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati1
2019-02-17 10:21Pakke Tiger Reserve1
2019-02-18 08:45Nature Discovery Centre2
2019-02-12 08:13Nabangtian Fields (那帮田)1
2019-02-11 13:39Nabang--general area (那邦)1
2019-02-16 14:33Cho Lae paddies4
2019-02-13 16:18Mae Ai paddies2
2019-02-15 15:52Tha Ton paddies1
2019-02-14 14:30Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area--headquarters vicinity1