The citrine wagtail(Motacilla citreola) is a small songbird in the family Motacillidae. The term citrine refers to its yellowish colouration. Its systematics, phylogeny and taxonomy are subject of considerable debate in the early 21st century. This is because this bird forms a cryptic species complex with the eastern (M. tschutschensis ) and western yellow wagtail (M. flava). Which of the many taxa in this group should properly refer to which population is unlikely to be resolved in the immediate future.

Motacilla is the Latin name for the pied wagtail; although actually a diminutive of motare, " to move about", from medieval times it led to the misunderstanding of cilla as "tail". The specific citreola is Latin for "lemon yellow".

It is a slender, 15.5–17 cm long bird, with the long, constantly wagging tail characteristic of the genus Motacilla. The adult male in breeding plumage is basically grey or black above, with white on the remiges, and bright yellow below and on the entire head except for the black nape. In winter plumage, its yellow underparts may be diluted by white, and the head is brownish with a yellowish supercilium. Females look generally like washed-out versions of males in winter plumage.

This species breeds in north central Asia in wet meadows and tundra. It migrates in winter to south Asia, often to highland areas. Its range is expanding westwards, and it is a rare but increasing vagrant to western Europe. Vagrants seem to extend the migration rather than straying en route; in Bhutan for example, though along one of the species' migration flyways, the citrine wagtail has been recorded as an extremely rare passer-by rather than staying even for a few days or weeks.

It is an insectivorous bird of open country near water, such as wet meadows and bogs, and nests on the ground, laying 4–5 speckled eggs.



Citrine Wagtail
Date Location Count
2018-12-05 07:26Ma'agan Michael--beach & ponds4
2018-12-09 09:30Ein Hamifratz Fishponds1
2018-12-06 11:17Hagome' junction fishponds בריכות דגים צומת הגומא2
2018-11-30 00:30Agamon Hahula (general)==אגמון החולה (כללי)1
2018-12-06 10:30Agamon HaHula2
2018-12-06 08:40Kfar Ruppin1
2018-12-03 07:02Lehavot HaBashan Fishponds==בריכות דגים להבות הבשן2
2018-11-29 14:51Ujakala (Sooteh Forest)1
2018-12-01 07:03Sila'a--general area2
2018-12-08 08:00Al Wathba Wetland Reserve3
2018-11-30 06:55Al Warsan Lakes3
2018-12-08 15:22Ajman Water Treatment Plant1
2018-12-03 07:35Raysut Settling Pools12
2018-12-03 09:20Raysut Lagoon8
2018-12-03 06:40West Khawr2
2018-12-11 06:30Private estate near Green Mubazzarah1
2018-12-07 09:50Green Mubazzarah1
2018-12-01 07:10East Khawr1
2018-12-11 16:06Khawr Taqah1
2018-12-03 07:18Hatta Lake8
2018-12-03 08:09Hatta Lake--outflow wadi1
2018-12-02 16:20Wadi Darbat2
2018-11-30 16:35Khawr Rawri2
2018-12-09 07:30Pakhado Hill2
2018-12-11 08:30Aji 2 Dam2
2018-12-02 08:00Randarda Lake2
2018-12-08 10:15Nalsarovar Outskirts--Shahpur2
2018-12-10 14:15Thol Bird Sanctuary3
2018-12-02 11:00Garbage dump near IIM Udaipur1
2018-12-08 10:45Jogi Talaab1
2018-12-06 08:40Pahada lake1
2018-12-09 07:15Bhandup Pumping Station, Mumbai1
2018-12-07 15:53Harike Bird Sanctuary1
2018-12-09 07:47Nandur-Madhyameshwar bird sanctuary4
2018-12-01 09:00Pong Dam--Nagrota Surian6
2018-12-09 11:54Dighal2
2018-12-05 06:45Pinjore, Kaushalya Dam12
2018-12-01 07:15Kheda Jhanjhrola HR/IN
2018-12-08 09:00Sultanpur National Park1
2018-12-02 07:00Sultanpur Flats10
2018-12-02 10:00Najafgarh Jheel Area2
2018-12-07 10:05Dharampur (Najafgarh) Gurgaon3
2018-12-10 13:38Basai Wetland80
2018-12-11 08:38Okhla Bird Sanctuary30
2018-12-09 08:40Dhanauri Wetlands -- Dhanauri Kalan East20
2018-12-05 07:00Bharatpur--Keoladeo Ghana NP1
2018-11-30 06:55Bhutnal Lake, Bijapur5
2018-12-08 15:00Saneh, Lansdowne Forest Division1
2018-11-30 14:30Savanga Lake, Amravati1
2018-12-08 08:51Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary -- Sanctuary Proper2
2018-12-06 15:28Gomti Riverfront Park
2018-12-03 06:30Kanha Tiger Reserve2
2018-11-30 09:00Barhaiya Lake6
2018-12-01 15:00Kiliyur Tank1
2018-11-29 06:30Ram Nagar Swamps, Madipakkam50
2018-11-29 07:00Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras1
2018-12-01 07:15Sholinganallur/Perumbakkam Marsh2
2018-12-10 12:00SSN Institutions1
2018-12-02 15:00Kotpad2
2018-12-07 08:00Chitwan National Park - Lamo Tal2
2018-12-04 10:30Sauraha1
2018-12-07 09:01Mudasarlova Reservoir3
2018-12-08 06:30Parasnath, Parasnath Hill, Jharkhand1
2018-12-05 11:01Mangalajodi Wetlands, Tangi, Odisha
2018-12-09 07:00Teesta Barrage, Gajoldoba2
2018-12-05 09:00Purbasthali6
2018-12-02 06:40West Bengal-Baidyabati DVC canal
2018-12-09 07:30Bosipota4
2018-12-09 09:00Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary8
2018-12-10 05:30Loktak Lake1
2018-12-01 08:00Paleik Lake1
2018-12-12 07:11Yangon--Inya Lake1
2018-12-01 07:30Inle Wetland Wildlife Sanctuary1
2018-12-09 09:04Doi Lo paddies20
2018-12-04 14:45Mae Ai paddies15
2018-11-30 10:00Nong Bong Khai Non-hunting Area--headquarters vicinity2
2018-12-04 06:36Nam Kham Nature Reserve1
2018-12-10 12:30Long Valley1