The brown-headed honeyeater (Melithreptus brevirostris) is a species of passerine bird in the Meliphagidae family. It is endemic to Australia. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation.

The brown-headed honeyeater was first described by Vigors & Horsfield in 1827. Its species name is derived from the Latin terms brevis "short", and rostrum "beak". Five subspecies have been described. The race magnirostris from Kangaroo Island has a noticeably larger bill.

It is a member of the genus Melithreptus with several species, of similar size and all black-headed apart from this species, in the honeyeater family Meliphagidae. Molecular markers show the brown-headed honeyeater is most closely related to the black-chinned honeyeater, with the strong-billed honeyeater an earlier offshoot between 6.7 and 3.4 million years ago.

A small honeyeater ranging from 13 to 15 cm (5.2–6 in) in length, it is olive brown above and buff below, with a brown head, nape and throat, with a cream or orange patch of bare skin over the eye and a white crescent-shaped patch on the nape. The legs and feet are orange. It makes a scratchy chwik-chwik-chwik call.

The brown-headed honeyeater ranges from central-southern Queensland, down through central and eastern New South Wales (though generally west of the Great Dividing Range), across Victoria and into eastern South Australia, where it is found in the Flinders Ranges and around the lower Murray River region. It occurs in southern Western Australia.

Insects form the bulk of the diet, and like its close relatives the black-chinned and strong-billed honeyeaters, the brown-headed honeyeater forages by probing in bark of trunks and branches of trees.

Brown-headed honeyeaters may nest from July to December, breeding once or twice during this time. The nest is a thick-walled bowl of grasses and bits of bark lined with softer plant material hidden in the outer foliage of a tall tree, usually a eucalypt. Two or three eggs are laid, 16 x 13 mm and shiny buff-pink sparsely spotted with red-brown (more on larger end).
Brown-headed Honeyeater
Date Location Count
2019-10-20 07:41Dryandra Woodland1
2019-10-18 06:03Foxes Lair Nature Reserve (Narrogin)1
2019-10-18 15:44Merredin Rock2
2019-10-14 07:52Karlkurla Bushland Park7
2019-10-19 07:00Mount Remarkable National Park--Hidden Camp
2019-10-11 11:00Flinders Chase National Park--Platypus Walk
2019-10-23 06:14Flinders Chase National Park--Southern Section1
2019-10-20 11:41Spring Gully Conservation Park5
2019-10-19 07:47Altona CSR Landcare Reserve3
2019-10-10 10:05Hale Conservation Park2
2019-10-22 07:00Roachdale Sanctuary, nr. Kersbrook1
2019-10-11 14:00Brookfield Conservation Park
2019-10-10 13:40Monarto Woodlands Browns Road, south end
2019-10-22 09:00Kinchina1
2019-10-21 08:00Pt Sturt Rd--private property (restricted access)
2019-10-19 06:47Kinchina Conservation Park3
2019-10-21 08:22Gluepot Reserve--Old Gluepot Dam2
2019-10-21 06:34Gluepot Reserve--Don and Chris Lill Bird Hide4
2019-10-20 15:43Gluepot Reserve--Froggy Dam and Tank Bird Hide1
2019-10-14 07:20Gluepot Reserve--Airport Walk1
2019-10-23 06:00Gluepot Reserve30
2019-10-16 06:45Gluepot Reserve--Whistler Tank8
2019-10-22 08:31Gluepot Reserve--Josies Hideaway (Grasswren Tank)8
2019-10-23 08:54Calperum Station5
2019-10-09 13:30Murray-Sunset National Park--Pheenys Campground4
2019-10-13 12:13Lock 9, Murray River5
2019-10-17 07:30Hattah-Kulkyne National Park--Nowingi Track2
2019-10-14 15:35Wyperfeld National Park--Tyakil walk1
2019-10-09 13:52James Barrett Nature Drive, Wyperfeld National Park2
2019-10-18 16:00Bronzewing Flora and Fauna Reserve2
2019-10-15 09:33Wyperfeld National Park--Dattuck VMRG Site 011
2019-10-16 08:05Little Desert Nature Lodge5
2019-10-12 08:15Lake Hindmarsh6
2019-10-16 10:14Brimboal State Forest at -37.35602, 141.371511
2019-10-11 10:59Wartook State Forest1
2019-10-11 09:00Mount Korong Nature Conservation Reserve1
2019-10-23 08:16Terrick Terrick National Park2
2019-10-20 09:35Greater Bendigo National Park--Kamarooka--Diamond Dove Dam6
2019-10-17 05:24Moonie Hwy Waterhole at -27.98186, 148.874602
2019-10-21 13:21Greater Bendigo National Park--Kamarooka--Old Distillery Dam7
2019-10-20 09:21Greater Bendigo National Park--Kamarooka--Mosquito Creek Track2
2019-10-17 09:00Crusoe Reservoir and No.7 Park (Bendigo)5
2019-10-09 15:15White Hills Chinese Diggings Historic Area4
2019-10-14 08:00Rise and Shine Bushland Reserve, Clydesdale3
2019-10-16 15:20Strathfieldsaye Bushland Reserve
2019-10-14 08:15One Eye State Forest--Rail Trail / One Eye Road4
2019-10-13 13:50Heathcote Water Reclamation Plant3
2019-10-13 10:10Wright Street and McIvor Creek (Heathcote)4
2019-10-20 13:00Heathcote-Graytown National Park--Forest Drive North4
2019-10-23 06:52Brisbane Ranges National Park1
2019-10-23 09:16Brisbane Ranges National Park--Anakie Gorge Picnic Ground4
2019-10-19 09:20Barmah National Park--Ulupna Island4
2019-10-20 07:21Birremathool, Bailieston (restricted access)3
2019-10-13 08:06You Yangs Regional Park7
2019-10-14 15:35Coalmine Rd at Camp Rd, Anglesea1
2019-10-22 07:11You Yangs Regional Park--Branding Yard4
2019-10-21 07:10Anglesea1
2019-10-15 14:34Eumeralla Flora Reserve (Anglesea)1
2019-10-23 08:45Gemmill Swamp Nature Conservation Reserve2
2019-10-10 06:45Eynesbury Forest and Grasslands1
2019-10-23 06:00Albert Road Nature Reserve (Sunbury)6
2019-10-23 14:40Ironbark Basin3
2019-10-21 13:20Woodlands Historic Park6
2019-10-11 11:00Narrandera Wetlands2
2019-10-16 10:15Shadforth Reserve5
2019-10-12 10:30Warrandyte-Kinglake Nature Conservation Reserve3
2019-10-19 09:21Warby-Ovens National Park--Perimeter Track3
2019-10-13 08:00Warby-Ovens National Park
2019-10-10 08:42Toolangi State Forest--Wirrawilla Rainforest3
2019-10-11 10:45Silvan Reservoir Park
2019-10-20 12:30Schwagers Bore, Pilliga Scrub20
2019-10-23 17:15Hamilton Park Trail, Glenrowan2
2019-10-12 13:55Aquaduct Trail (Pakenham)1
2019-10-12 15:36Chiltern Rest Area East5
2019-10-13 08:35Chiltern-Mt Pilot National Park-Andersons Track2
2019-10-10 11:30Bunyip State Park--Lawsons Falls Discovery Walk4
2019-10-18 07:00Mosquito Creek Rd2
2019-10-11 11:32Barryrennie Rd, Cowra4
2019-10-14 11:15Copeton Dam Road at -29.87385, 150.603382
2019-10-09 13:21Uralla Nature Reserve3
2019-10-12 09:15Koorawatha Weir and Falls2
2019-10-11 15:15J E Duggan Park5
2019-10-21 08:40Durridgere State Forest1
2019-10-14 16:45Boundary Rd Reserve, Bathurst1
2019-10-19 07:33Flagstaff Mountain, Tamworth1
2019-10-23 15:02Kookaburra Camping Park, Deepwater5
2019-10-19 08:00Capertee National Park2
2019-10-19 06:30Capertee Valley3
2019-10-11 09:27Evans Crown Reserve1
2019-10-17 09:31Stromlo Forest Park (west)1
2019-10-20 08:45Mulligans Flat Nature Reserve2
2019-10-16 06:40Goorooyarroo Nature Reserve3
2019-10-13 10:45Wollemi National Park--Coorongooba Camping Area1
2019-10-16 09:08Mt Ainslie Nature Reserve--Campbell Park2
2019-10-22 08:11Namadgi National Park--Visitor Centre4
2019-10-12 07:55Yankee Hat1
2019-10-17 07:20Naas Road at Apollo Road1
2019-10-20 09:39Namadgi National Park--Yankee Hat car park and track4
2019-10-14 11:28Namadgi National Park--Rendezvous Creek1
2019-10-14 08:12Boboyan Road woodland (Booth)1
2019-10-22 09:43Molonglo Gorge1
2019-10-13 16:48Cowpers Creek Travelling Stock Reserve3
2019-10-13 08:55K2C Karool (Restricted Access)2
2019-10-14 18:04Godson Avenue, Blackheath at -33.61447, 150.307792
2019-10-13 10:26K2C Illilanga (Restricted Access)3
2019-10-14 08:32Blue Mountains National Park--Murphy's Creek1
2019-10-13 07:10Mockingbird Road, Pheasants Nest1
2019-10-19 09:45Cape Conran Coastal Park--Heathland Walk1
2019-10-22 09:51Green Wattle Creek, Butterwick2
2019-10-17 08:11Warnervale Airfield4
2019-10-13 11:46Eurobodalla Regional Botanic Gardens9