The brown-headed honeyeater (Melithreptus brevirostris) is a species of passerine bird in the Meliphagidae family. It is endemic to Australia. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation.

The brown-headed honeyeater was first described by Vigors & Horsfield in 1827. Its species name is derived from the Latin terms brevis "short", and rostrum "beak". Five subspecies have been described. The race magnirostris from Kangaroo Island has a noticeably larger bill.

It is a member of the genus Melithreptus with several species, of similar size and all black-headed apart from this species, in the honeyeater family Meliphagidae. Molecular markers show the brown-headed honeyeater is most closely related to the black-chinned honeyeater, with the strong-billed honeyeater an earlier offshoot between 6.7 and 3.4 million years ago.

A small honeyeater ranging from 13 to 15 cm (5.2–6 in) in length, it is olive brown above and buff below, with a brown head, nape and throat, with a cream or orange patch of bare skin over the eye and a white crescent-shaped patch on the nape. The legs and feet are orange. It makes a scratchy chwik-chwik-chwik call.

The brown-headed honeyeater ranges from central-southern Queensland, down through central and eastern New South Wales (though generally west of the Great Dividing Range), across Victoria and into eastern South Australia, where it is found in the Flinders Ranges and around the lower Murray River region. It occurs in southern Western Australia.

Insects form the bulk of the diet, and like its close relatives the black-chinned and strong-billed honeyeaters, the brown-headed honeyeater forages by probing in bark of trunks and branches of trees.

Brown-headed honeyeaters may nest from July to December, breeding once or twice during this time. The nest is a thick-walled bowl of grasses and bits of bark lined with softer plant material hidden in the outer foliage of a tall tree, usually a eucalypt. Two or three eggs are laid, 16 x 13 mm and shiny buff-pink sparsely spotted with red-brown (more on larger end).
Brown-headed Honeyeater
Date Location Count
2020-05-20 07:05Bennets Lake5
2020-05-04 08:45Mount Remarkable National Park--Alligator Gorge8
2020-05-03 15:10Nangawooka Flora Reserve5
2020-05-03 11:09Cox Scrub Conservation Park2
2020-05-17 11:00Cox Scrub Conservation Park--East end1
2020-05-24 13:00Scott Conservation Park
2020-05-16 09:29Browns Rd, Monarto5
2020-05-16 13:00Monarto Zoological Park1
2020-05-16 11:38Monarto Conservation Park3
2020-05-16 13:42Brookfield Conservation Park
2020-05-17 15:20Hampel Home Block, 208 Maurice Rd, Murray Bridge (restricted access)3
2020-05-11 14:05Gluepot Reserve10
2020-05-06 10:00Psyche Bend Rd, Irymple2
2020-05-16 14:19Youngs State Forest
2020-05-25 09:00Natimuk, 6 Jory Street5
2020-05-25 15:11Lake Hamilton4
2020-05-17 11:45Aughies Rd, Wartook6
2020-05-18 08:50Wychitella Nature Conservation Reserve--Mount Egbert Block6
2020-05-19 08:00Mount Korong Nature Conservation Reserve6
2020-05-12 12:16Dunach State Forest--Northeast Block3
2020-05-25 14:59Terrick Terrick National Park--Mt Terrick Terrick3
2020-05-24 14:47Muckleford Nature Conservation Reserve
2020-05-23 11:00Greater Bendigo Regional Park--Lockwood
2020-05-16 10:45Greater Bendigo National Park--Whipstick
2020-05-25 08:11Crusoe Reservoir and No. 7 Park8
2020-05-23 10:00Bendigo Regional Park--Mandurang6
2020-05-25 10:02Greater Bendigo National Park--Kamarooka5
2020-05-16 09:09Greater Bendigo National Park--One Tree Hill Lookout Tower8
2020-05-27 11:50Greater Bendigo National Park--Burnside Track3
2020-05-16 09:00Greater Bendigo National Park--One Tree Hill5
2020-05-23 09:00Greater Bendigo National Park--Mandurang South block3
2020-05-06 08:54Goldfields Native Plant Nursery4
2020-05-16 11:30Mount Alexander Regional Park2
2020-05-10 09:00Pilchers Bridge Nature Conservation Reserve2
2020-05-13 10:30Pilchers Bridge Flora and Fauna Reserve--SW corner Andrews Track3
2020-05-14 09:00Fryers Ridge Nature Conservation Reserve
2020-05-20 15:00Longlea State Forest
2020-05-03 09:56Mt Sugarloaf Nature Conservation Reserve2
2020-05-17 13:32Inverleigh Flora and Fauna Reserve13
2020-05-17 07:12Bannockburn Reserve--North of Bannockburn-Shelford Rd35
2020-05-26 14:30Knowsley State Forest
2020-05-24 08:46Bannockburn Reserve--South of Bannockburn-Shelford Rd12
2020-05-05 00:18Brisbane Ranges National Park--Reids Rd at Red Ironbark Tk1
2020-05-22 07:31Brisbane Ranges National Park--Sapling Gully Picnic Area8
2020-05-22 09:18Brisbane Ranges National Park--Reids Rd north-east boundary3
2020-05-26 12:37Great Otway National Park--Distillery Creek Picnic Area
2020-05-25 10:55Kanyapella Basin Reserves1
2020-05-07 08:12One Eye State Forest--One Eye Road / Mia Mia-Derrinal Road6
2020-05-07 08:24One Eye State Forest--Parsons Gully3
2020-05-22 07:36Great Otway National Park--South of Harvey St, Anglesea1
2020-05-17 10:31Nortons Road at Vickerys Road, Bellbrae1
2020-05-04 15:57Camp Rd, Anglesea North14
2020-05-16 15:18Golden Gully Road (Heathcote)2
2020-05-16 12:41Wright Street and McIvor Creek (Heathcote)2
2020-05-15 07:52Argyle State Forest--Hirds Road4
2020-05-10 08:55Bogans Lane at Freshwater Creek, Mount Duneed25
2020-05-19 11:34Heathcote-Graytown National Park--Viewing Rock Lookout2
2020-05-24 16:15Ironbark Basin
2020-05-14 11:02Long Forest Nature Conservation Reserve--Djerriwarrh Track10
2020-05-24 13:50Costerfield State Forest--Reservoir Road Dam
2020-05-24 13:49You Yangs Regional Park--Branding Yard1
2020-04-28 11:47Dans Nature Reserve5
2020-05-23 09:57Eynesbury Forest and Grasslands6
2020-05-26 11:30Rushworth State Forest3
2020-05-16 16:00Tooborac Nature Conservation Reserve--Old Seymour-Tooborac Road3
2020-05-24 11:00Heathcote-Graytown National Park--Graytown
2020-05-27 13:10Whroo Historic Area--Balaclava Hill10
2020-05-18 08:35Albert Road Nature Reserve20
2020-05-16 15:30Heathcote-Greytown National Park--Mt Black
2020-05-27 11:30Bailieston Historic Area Block 1 inc Bailieston Quarry4
2020-05-22 10:10Murchison H117 Bushland Reserve3
2020-05-24 10:06Woodlands Historic Park1
2020-05-26 07:49Woodlands Historic Park--Back Paddock6
2020-05-26 08:35Woodlands Historic Park--Providence Rd Carpark4
2020-05-18 10:50Mangalore Nature Conservation Reserve12
2020-05-26 14:09Point Nepean National Park4
2020-05-27 09:10Gemmill Swamp Nature Conservation Reserve5
2020-05-23 13:40Mooroopna Common1
2020-05-18 09:10Australian Botanic Gardens (Shepparton)5
2020-05-11 10:33Seymour Bushland Park6
2020-05-16 10:30Cummins Reserve and Wetlands6
2020-05-06 09:24Bend of Islands2
2020-05-03 14:13Kinglake National Park--Jehosophat Gully5
2020-05-14 13:20Langwarrin Flora and Fauna Reserve6
2020-05-21 12:40Kurth Kiln Regional Park2
2020-04-30 16:04Rifle Butts Road4
2020-05-20 12:30The Rock Nature Reserve1
2020-05-17 15:32Bald Hills Reserve4
2020-05-19 10:56Livingstone National Park6
2020-05-14 14:30Pilliga State Conservation Area1
2020-05-03 11:17Mount Kaputar National Park--Sawn Rocks3
2020-05-19 09:30Lake Broadwater Conservation Park3
2020-05-13 10:30Sherwood Forest3
2020-05-19 08:14Pierces Creek Forest--Vanitys Crossing Road1
2020-05-02 07:30Boundary Rd Reserve, Bathurst6
2020-05-25 10:15Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve--Sanctuary1
2020-05-24 10:54Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve--Flints picnic area15
2020-05-19 14:25Bibaringa (restricted access)5
2020-05-05 10:17Bluetts Block (Uriarra)2
2020-05-09 06:48Kama Nature Reserve1
2020-05-03 13:56The Pinnacle Nature Reserve2
2020-05-17 15:25Centennial Trail (Hall)2
2020-05-17 10:45Narrabundah Hill Nature Reserve4
2020-05-12 07:30Kambah Pool Nature Reserve2
2020-05-06 11:50Horse Paddocks (Cook)7
2020-05-04 10:20Aranda Bushland Nature Reserve--west2
2020-05-14 09:34Aranda Bushland Nature Reserve4
2020-05-09 14:08Berrebangalo Travelling Stock Reserve (Gunning)2
2020-05-06 09:02Black Mountain Nature Reserve2
2020-05-16 11:47Northern Border Campsite3
2020-05-27 13:34O'Connor Ridge Nature Reserve3
2020-05-22 10:31Mulligans Flat Nature Reserve--south near Big Dam12
2020-05-18 10:50Mulligans Flat Nature Reserve7
2020-05-04 12:39Mount Majura Nature Reserve--Federal Hwy3
2020-05-17 09:14Namadgi National Park--Settlers Track (Westerman's Hut)5
2020-05-18 08:06Callum Brae Nature Reserve1
2020-05-27 11:00Mt Ainslie Nature Reserve--Campbell Park1
2020-05-10 11:11Rob Roy Nature Reserve3
2020-05-03 07:43Gilmore Horse Paddocks1
2020-05-03 10:07Gigerline Nature Reserve3
2020-05-03 11:55Tin Hut Dam (Googong)13
2020-05-04 10:55Alison Hone Reserve10
2020-05-22 11:20Lidsdale State Forest6
2020-05-19 15:41Loveday Cove (Lake Cooby)1
2020-05-22 12:30Durikai State Forest4
2020-05-07 10:40Souths Reserve4
2020-05-18 10:30Megalong Showground3
2020-05-05 15:54Godson Avenue, Blackheath at -33.61447, 150.307793
2020-05-15 12:30Blue Mountains National Park--Perrys Lookdown Campground & Anvil Rock2
2020-05-03 08:33Blue Mountains National Park--Chester Rd Firetrail3
2020-05-09 12:43Terrace Falls, Hazelbrook1
2020-05-22 11:00Glen Rock State Forest--Casuarina Camping Area4
2020-05-02 08:42Woodford Dam5
2020-05-10 07:26Booroolong Nature Reserve7
2020-05-17 08:30Mulgoa Nature Reserve4
2020-05-27 08:33Bargo River Gorge Track3
2020-05-06 07:43Shanes Park15
2020-05-23 08:00St James Anglican Cemetery, Pitt Town6
2020-05-13 09:25Scheyville National Park15
2020-05-27 11:00Second Ponds Creek Wetland1
2020-05-11 07:00Western Sydney Parklands--Plough and Harrow West2
2020-05-08 15:15Georges River National Park--Picnic Point4
2020-05-15 08:27Heathcote National Park--Bullawaring Track / Mooray Track1
2020-05-16 10:30Royal National Park6
2020-05-05 08:40Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park1
2020-05-12 07:27Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park--Waratah Track2
2020-05-17 15:00Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park--Salvation Loop Trail3
2020-05-19 09:15Garigal National Park (East)2
2020-05-19 16:10Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park--Chiltern Trail2