The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek hali "sea", aiētos "eagle", leuco "white", cephalos "head") is a bird of prey found in North America. A sea eagle, it has two known subspecies and forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla). Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting.

The bald eagle is an opportunistic feeder which subsists mainly on fish, which it swoops down and snatches from the water with its talons. It builds the largest nest of any North American bird and the largest tree nests ever recorded for any animal species, up to 4 m (13 ft) deep, 2.5 m (8.2 ft) wide, and 1 metric ton (1.1 short tons) in weight. Sexual maturity is attained at the age of four to five years.

Bald eagles are not actually bald; the name derives from an older meaning of the word, "white headed". The adult is mainly brown with a white head and tail. The sexes are identical in plumage, but females are about 25 percent larger than males. The beak is large and hooked. The plumage of the immature is brown.

The bald eagle is both the national bird and national animal of the United States of America. The bald eagle appears on its seal. In the late 20th century it was on the brink of extirpation in the contiguous United States. Populations have since recovered and the species was removed from the U.S. government's list of endangered species on July 12, 1995 and transferred to the list of threatened species. It was removed from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in the Lower 48 States on June 28, 2007.
Bald Eagle
Date Location Count
2020-01-24 14:02Bles Park1
2020-01-24 09:30Elizabeth Mills Riverfront Park2
2020-01-20 09:02C&O Canal--Sycamore Landing1
2020-01-23 15:15Horsepen Run Trail1
2020-01-12 15:18Sycamore Landing Rd. fields1
2020-01-21 13:12Beaverdam Creek Reservoir1
2020-01-12 10:32Hughes Hollow - McKee Beshers WMA1
2020-01-12 11:30National Recreation and Park Association1
2020-01-19 16:42Dulles Airport--Pond1
2020-01-17 16:19Algonkian Regional Park1
2020-01-19 09:23Patton Turf Farm2
2020-01-18 10:00Algonkian Nature Preserve--Sanctuary Trail1
2020-01-20 09:45Olde Izaak Walton Park1
2020-01-15 09:19C&O Canal--Riley's Lock1
2020-01-21 11:49Morven Park2
2020-01-24 14:45C&O Canal--Violette's Lock1
2020-01-20 13:00White's Ford Regional Park1
2020-01-24 08:00Sully Woodlands1
2020-01-20 12:30Lake Fairfax Park1
2020-01-18 09:05C&O Canal--Pennyfield Lock1
2020-01-25 14:39Black Hill RP--Little Seneca Lake, Rte.1211
2020-01-19 07:56Great Falls Park2
2020-01-20 09:30Riverbend Park2
2020-01-20 08:58Black Hill Regional Park1
2020-01-25 11:41Black Hill RP--Ten Mile Creek area, trails and lake1
2020-01-16 09:20C&O Canal--Swains Lock2
2020-01-23 12:50C&O Canal--Great Falls1
2020-01-21 15:11Black Hill RP--Boat Ramp area1
2020-01-12 09:05Gunners Lake1