The small pratincole, little pratincole, or small Indian pratincole (Glareola lactea), is a small wader in the pratincole family, Glareolidae.



The small pratincole is a resident breeder in India, Western Pakistan and southeast Asia. It breeds from December to March on gravel or sand banks in rivers, laying 2-4 eggs in a ground scrape. Breeding areas include small areas in northern Karnataka (along the Hemavathi river) and northern Kerala near Kannur.



This species is only 16.5-18.5 cm in length, with a 15–16 cm wingspan. Because of its small size, the small pratincole can be briefly confused in flight with swifts or swallows.

This bird has short legs, long pointed wings and a short tail. Its short bill is an adaptation to aerial feeding. On the ground, it looks mainly pale grey (hence lactea, milky). The crown of the head is brown.

The wings are grey above with black primaries and black and white bars at the rear edge of the inner flight feathers. The underwings are mainly black. The tail is white with a black terminal triangle. The belly is white.

The most unusual feature of the pratincoles is that although classed as waders they typically hunt their insect prey on the wing like swallows, although they can also feed on the ground.

The small pratincole is a species of open country, and is often seen near water in the evening, hawking for insects.



Small Pratincole
Date Location Count
2021-02-25 07:15Sasoi Dam
2021-02-28 07:30Rangmati Dam50
2021-02-23 07:00Khodiyar Dam23
2021-02-23 04:30Thordi Lake24
2021-02-07 07:39Nalsarovar Outskirts--Shahpur200
2021-02-20 12:38Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary58
2021-02-16 10:31Nikol Bandhara43
2021-02-06 08:11Nalsarovar--Boating Point10
2021-02-27 16:01Nalsarovar--Flamingo Sankul1
2021-02-14 10:05Nalsarovar Outskirts--Aniyali5
2021-02-28 07:45Aranya Udhyan2
2021-02-14 08:13Pariej Lake50
2021-02-21 17:41Pariyej Lake extantion9
2021-02-23 08:18Mahi Check Dam at Sindhrot7
2021-02-13 07:38Vadatalav Lake1
2021-02-21 08:22Menar Lake50
2021-03-06 07:15Veer Dam4
2021-02-16 12:00Maina-Raia Wetlands1
2021-03-06 07:38Bhigwan -- Kumbhargaon Bird Sanctuary1
2021-02-14 13:56Gandhisagar Sanctuary8
2021-02-13 07:40Bhigwan -- Agneepankh birding area1
2021-02-12 12:18Pong Dam--Nagrota Surian16
2021-02-28 07:59Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary2
2021-02-21 11:31Rupnagar51
2021-02-07 15:35Barkur Wetlands -- Saasthana5
2021-02-27 16:18Katral Kere ಕಾತ್ರಾಳ ಕೆರೆ15
2021-03-02 14:00Mandothi6
2021-03-07 06:54Nagathan Kere ನಾಗಠಾಣ ಕೆರೆ12
2021-02-27 16:29Mallapura Railway Bridge ಮಲ್ಲಾಪುರ ರೈಲು ಸೇತುವೆ15
2021-02-14 07:10Honnutagi Kere ಹೊನ್ನುಟಗಿ ಕೆರೆ3
2021-02-27 07:30Ezhome2
2021-03-05 18:58Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary--Lakkavalli4
2021-03-01 09:46Tungabhadra Backwaters--Bannigola ತುಂಗಭದ್ರಾ ಹಿನ್ನೀರು, ಬನ್ನಿಗೋಳ12
2021-02-27 12:30Dhanauri Wetlands -- Dhanauri Kalan East1
2021-03-07 09:35Kapsi Talao (lake), Akola28
2021-02-27 18:30Ankasamudra Bird Sanctuary ಅಂಕಸಮುದ್ರ ಪಕ್ಷಿಧಾಮ5
2021-02-27 16:10Tungabhadra backwaters--Varadapura ತುಂಗಭದ್ರಾ ಹಿನ್ನೀರು--ವರದಾಪುರ2
2021-03-03 22:27Bhoj Wetland2
2021-02-26 11:15Gunda Tree Park ಗುಂಡಾ ಸಸ್ಯೋದ್ಯಾನ3
2021-02-14 08:14Kaliyasot Dam2
2021-02-20 15:53National Chambal Sanctuary--Dhaulpur (RJ side)
2021-03-07 22:52National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary--Morena (MP side)
2021-02-13 17:26Kaudiya/Gangabhogpur -- Talla70
2021-02-06 06:45Pattikkayal,Thrithala2
2021-02-27 13:58Tawa Bridge (NH 22)28
2021-03-06 15:44Karanja Reservoir--Hilalpur ಕಾರಂಜಾ ಜಲಾಶಯ--ಹಿಲಾಲಪುರ2
2021-02-24 16:02Karanja Reservoir ಕಾರಂಜಾ ಜಲಾಶಯ8
2021-02-07 07:30Kole Wetlands--Murppara150
2021-02-13 07:54Kole Wetlands--Palakkal3
2021-02-06 07:15Kole Wetlands--Thottippal
2021-03-03 06:42Satpura Tiger Reserve--Dhava Patrolling Camp7
2021-02-27 08:18Savanga Lake, Amravati3
2021-02-14 17:45Forsyth Lodge28
2021-03-02 09:29Denwa River Backwaters around Madai Ticket Counter17
2021-03-04 11:15Madai--Around mudflat (seasonal)5
2021-03-04 06:35Satpura Tiger Reserve--Denwa backwaters72
2021-03-03 15:18Satpura Tiger Reserve--Sonbhadra Confluence11
2021-02-10 16:54Upperwardha Dam, Morshi, Amravati Dt30
2021-02-20 08:45National Chambal Sanctuary -- Jaitpur10
2021-02-21 07:22National Chambal Sanctuary -- Nadgawan32
2021-02-23 15:15Kuttanad Wetlands--Melpadam200
2021-02-12 17:35Kuttanad Wetlands-Kudavallari532
2021-02-12 07:47Kuttanad Wetlands--Ayikkara Mukku-Vaniyamkadavu95
2021-02-20 08:25Walayar Reservoir30
2021-02-17 10:04Walayar Lake-Tamil Nadu side57
2021-03-05 07:30Rotha-II Dam and Reservoir, Wardha50
2021-02-13 12:12Gunjur Lake14
2021-02-22 06:30Cauvery WLS--Galibore4
2021-02-21 07:45Ameenpur Lake, Hyderabad
2021-02-07 10:21Sonnapura1
2021-02-14 05:45Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary15
2021-02-07 14:27Pothara Dam,Hinganghat4
2021-02-16 17:30Tharuvai Grassland6
2021-02-07 08:00Ghodazari Lake12
2021-02-13 13:00Chattarpur, Jabalpur6
2021-02-16 15:32Pennar River Bridge, Siddavattam11
2021-03-07 08:06Tropical Butterfly Conservatory (Butterfly Park)4
2021-02-21 07:00Kollidam River, Vazhkai8
2021-03-04 07:45Urumalei5
2021-02-28 08:00Vankalai Marine Wildlife Sanctuary7
2021-03-03Mohanbhata, Bilaspur3
2021-02-13 14:09Chilika Lake--Mangalajodi
2021-03-06 07:16Koshi Bird Observatory24
2021-02-14 09:49Durgapur Barrage2
2021-02-13 07:30Barshul Ferry Ghat PUB100
2021-03-05 10:14Bakor Ali / Bakharali (Chapai Nawabganj)35
2021-02-28 07:18Gajoldoba Barrage JG60
2021-02-07 06:45Bakkhali sea beach300
2021-02-20 06:22Teesta riverbed JG30
2021-02-20 07:30Teesta Spar JG10
2021-02-19 11:40Henry's island2
2021-02-28 14:30Baruipur Marshes10
2021-03-03 07:11Padma River & Chars (Rajshahi)130
2021-02-14 06:30Buxa Tiger Reserve--Jainti AD6
2021-02-16 16:30Bansbari Range, Manas National Park4
2021-02-19 08:40Dora Beel (Wetland)70
2021-02-19 15:53Deepor beel10
2021-02-16 12:40Brahmaputra River--Darrang24
2021-02-12 10:33Orang National Park10
2021-03-07 13:46Nameri Eco Camp Road6
2021-02-22 09:37大盈江桥东侧 (East Daying River Bridge)11
2021-02-22 08:00Yingjiang--Daying River (大盈江)1
2021-03-07 15:48Mae Faek paddies30
2021-03-05 14:24Phu Sai Lake--Phetchaburi side80
2021-03-05 16:02Bo Kradan paddies15
2021-02-13 09:59Wat Bot paddies and reedbeds (Suphan Buri)20
2021-02-25 13:02Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area--Waterbird Park1
2021-02-25 12:56Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area (general area)1
2021-02-25 08:35Bueng​ Boraphet Non-hunting Area--Noen Rakhang2
2021-02-25 06:30Vijitra Beach2
2021-02-08 07:23Mekong rapids at Ban Ta Mui30