The American gray flycatcher, or just gray flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii) as it is known in North America, is a small, insectivorous passerine in the tyrant flycatcher family. It is common in the arid regions of western North America, especially the Great Basin. From sagebrush steppes to pinyon-juniper woodlands and ponderosa pine forests, this flycatcher forages for insects from shrubs or low tree branches.

The gray flycatcher is one of the many species in the genus Empidonax. These species are very similar in appearance and behavior, and they are notoriously difficult to differentiate. The best characteristics for distinguishing these species are voice, breeding habitat, and range. The gray flycatcher, however, can be identified by a unique behavior, its downward tail wag. Other Empidonax species typically exhibit a rapid upward tail flick.



Gray Flycatcher
Date Location Count
2020-06-26 14:49Red Canyon5
2020-07-02 08:55Lawrence E. Wood Picnic Area & Madera Canyon Trail3
2020-06-24 10:36Davis Mountains Resort (Restricted Access)1
2020-06-10 07:24Red River Fish Hatchery2
2020-06-22 09:25Browns Canyon National Monument--Hecla Junction area1
2020-06-19 09:06Santa Fe Canyon Preserve1
2020-06-23 06:27Santa Fe NF -- Winsor Trail West1
2020-06-13 06:54Red Cloud Campground2
2020-06-30 08:11Rio Grande at Buckman1
2020-07-04 08:00Ancho Spring2
2020-07-05 06:49Lower Water Canyon5
2020-07-05 11:57Bandelier NM -- Falls Trail1
2020-07-05 16:18Bandelier NM - Frijoles Canyon2
2020-06-27 10:26Acid Canyon2
2020-06-16 09:11Bandelier NM--Ponderosa Trail1
2020-07-03 07:00Juan Tomas Open Space2
2020-06-17 08:56Cibola NF - Cienega Canyon Picnic Area1
2020-06-27 06:26Mars Court Wild Turkey Trail8
2020-06-28 09:48Santa Fe NF -- San Diego Fishing Access1
2020-06-23 07:39Dripping Springs Natural Area1
2020-06-12 12:15Water Canyon Rd. - mouth of canyon1
2020-06-30 15:16Water Canyon6
2020-06-23 05:23Water Canyon - 7500' sign1
2020-06-23 15:10Black Canyon of the Gunnion NP--East Portal Campground and trail1
2020-06-10 18:27Black Canyon of the Gunnison NP--North Rim2
2020-06-22 13:37Elephant Butte SP -- Long Point1
2020-07-01 10:03Rifle Arch Trail1
2020-06-08 11:48Animas Overlook1
2020-06-26 07:45Bodo State Wildlife Area1
2020-06-10 08:12Grand Mesa--Lands End1
2020-07-03 06:55Mancos SP1
2020-06-13 10:02Bear Canyon Lake1
2020-07-02 08:17Johnny Behind the Rocks4
2020-06-07 19:04Sand Canyon Trail1
2020-07-03 08:01Yellowjacket Canyon/G Road area1
2020-07-03 09:44Mesa CR 2 (Brewsters Ridge Rd)1
2020-06-27 10:20Squaw Canyon2
2020-07-03 06:16Dead Man's Canyon Trail21
2020-06-07 06:07Gila NF--Jacks Peak, Big Burro Mtns2
2020-06-29 13:20Bear Canyon5
2020-06-14 07:47Stewart Lake WMA1
2020-07-05 06:24Little Firehole Road5
2020-06-08 07:38Mill Creek1
2020-06-14 06:43Blue River Rd--Blue School1
2020-07-02 15:04Little Colorado River--South Fork CG1
2020-06-07 04:50stakeout Crescent-chested Warbler, Morse Canyon Trail #43 (2020)1
2020-06-28 13:47Apache-Sitgreaves NF--Ice Cave Trail1
2020-07-04 09:30South Park Wildlife Habitat Management Area1
2020-06-14 12:22Woodruff Narrows Reservoir1
2020-06-28 08:12E. Verde River—Flowing Springs Rd.2
2020-06-23 09:00Little Dell Reservoir1
2020-07-01 11:34AZ 87--mile 273 (Mexican Jay spot)1
2020-06-07 07:44Levan Ponds1
2020-06-23 15:40Wilson Meadow1
2020-06-20 06:54Lake Mountain Rd.--Soldiers Pass to Eagle Mountain1
2020-07-04 10:29Cress Creek Nature Trail2
2020-06-07 09:24Pine Mountain Wilderness Area--upper FR681
2020-06-24 14:57Wolverine Canyon--Lower1
2020-06-16 07:05Dead Horse Ranch SP1
2020-07-05 07:13Grand Canyon NP--South Rim Sewage Lagoons1
2020-06-25 07:01Mingus Mountain (please consider using more specific locations)5
2020-06-14 11:33Mingus Mountain--Butterfly Spring1
2020-06-13 11:53Kinney Creek Trail1
2020-06-28 07:28West Fork Mink Creek at South Mink Creek Rd.2
2020-07-01 06:53Highlands Center--Lynx Creek Site1
2020-06-11 07:36Ponderosa Grove CG2
2020-06-30 07:15Prescott--Goldwater Lakes3
2020-06-24 07:45Banning Creek Trail4
2020-07-04 07:58White Spar CG5
2020-06-23 07:45Aspen Creek Trail #481
2020-06-26 07:10Granite Basin Lake5
2020-06-20 11:15Aspen Springs—Dispersed Campsite 61
2020-06-21 07:11Black Pine Rd. at Stone Hills10
2020-06-20 07:44Zion NP--East Mesa Trail1
2020-06-22 05:20Cedar Mountains -- Hastings Pass Rd1
2020-06-21 14:00Blacktail Road1
2020-07-01 07:51Bannack Bench Rd.1
2020-06-17 06:34Castle Rocks SP--Smoky Mt. Campground2
2020-06-17 07:35Castle Rocks SP--Equestrian Trail Head1
2020-06-25 07:00California Trail3
2020-06-06 13:10Castle Rocks SP--Lodge1
2020-06-14 16:52City of Rocks--General2
2020-06-12 17:16Great Basin NP--Snake Creek3
2020-06-25 07:35Cave Lake SP1
2020-06-16 16:00Angel Creek Campground3
2020-06-13 05:57Mojave National Preserve--New York Mtns.-Keystone Canyon1
2020-06-09 09:33Spring Mountains NRA--Fletcher Canyon1
2020-06-20 09:53Spring Mountains NRA--Deer Creek Picnic Area1
2020-06-24 07:52Spring Mountains NRA--Mt. Charleston2
2020-06-27 17:12Spring Mountains NRA--Lee Canyon (Bristlecone Trail)2
2020-06-26 08:16Calvada Eye Park1
2020-06-16 06:29Hickison Petroglyph Recreation Area3
2020-06-20 05:07FR 3N03 - Smart's Ranch Road4
2020-06-09 14:00Green Canyon2
2020-07-05 06:53Sugarloaf Mountain Trail2
2020-06-16 11:07Kingston Canyon Rd.2
2020-06-19 06:15North Fork Campground2
2020-06-09 14:12Miller's Rest Stop1
2020-06-20 07:45Lye Creek Campground4
2020-06-18 05:06Paradise Ridge1
2020-07-02 08:56Ball Flat Rd.2
2020-06-27 14:37Westgard Pass1
2020-07-05 14:54White Mtns.--Schulman Bristlecone Grove8
2020-07-05 08:37White Mtns.--Pinyon Pine Nature Trail1
2020-06-25 14:37White Mtns.--southern (INY Co.)4
2020-06-23 09:24Patriarch Grove1
2020-06-14 12:30Palisades Park Area4
2020-06-27 13:00Beulah Reservoir1
2020-07-02 10:13Riverside SP--Deep Creek Overlook1
2020-06-10 11:02South Lake (INY Co.)6
2020-06-18 07:38Biscuit Ridge Road1
2020-06-11 12:09Lake Spokane Park1
2020-06-24 08:15Layton Springs Oasis7
2020-06-14 15:46Fields Oasis1
2020-06-19 08:24Steens Mountain--Fish Lake1
2020-06-14 13:40Steens Mountain Loop--South Steens Campground1
2020-06-09 11:45Steens Mountain Loop--South Entrance to Summit3
2020-06-28 16:49Mono Mills1
2020-06-11 09:31Mill Canyon (Lincoln Co.)1
2020-07-05 08:51Old Mammoth Rd.1
2020-06-27 06:13Page Springs Campground--Wilderness Trail1
2020-06-28 10:15Page Springs Campground1
2020-06-14 13:15Lower Rush Creek riparian area1
2020-06-06 09:44Frenchglen (town)1
2020-06-29 14:57Test Station Rd.2
2020-06-12 09:51Oil Plant Rd.1
2020-06-16 12:57Grant Lake1
2020-07-01 15:06Mono Lake--Old Marina1
2020-06-08 08:41Malheur NF--Joaquin Miller Campground1
2020-06-08 07:40Malheur NF--Idlewild Campground1
2020-06-11 09:13Sheldon NWR--Badger Camp1
2020-06-26 08:32Sheldon NWR--Catnip Reservoir1
2020-06-13 13:34Sage Hen Rest Area1
2020-06-14 09:30Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge1
2020-07-04 08:46Hart Mountain--Headquarters1
2020-07-04 06:32Hart Mountain--Hot Springs1
2020-06-12 08:01Spooner Lake SP1
2020-07-03 06:52North Canyon Trail (Carson City Co.)2
2020-06-22 10:15Red Rock Rd. (LAS Co.)1
2020-06-22 14:00Frenchman Cove1
2020-06-26 11:56Kyburz Flat area2
2020-06-18 06:10Antelope Valley (SIE Co.)2
2020-06-24 08:21Cave Lake Campground1
2020-07-01 05:45Cottonwood Creek Campground3
2020-06-21 17:54Okanogan Highlands--9 Mile Rd.1
2020-06-12 11:00Road 712
2020-07-03 08:30Carman Valley Meadows1
2020-06-16 08:47Yuba Pass1
2020-06-18 09:30Bear Trap Meadow1
2020-06-20 06:40Moses Coulee1
2020-06-16 07:53Cameron Lake Road--North End2
2020-06-27 08:19Venner Meadows1
2020-06-11 08:40John Day Fossil Beds NM--Painted Hills Unit1
2020-06-21 07:19Oliver--McKinney Road, km 101
2020-06-30 12:14Wehrli Canyon Lane1
2020-06-07 19:43Junipers Reservoir RV Park1
2020-06-24 09:53Oliver--McKinney Road1
2020-06-13 05:12Shuttleworth Creek Road1
2020-06-08 09:37Ancient Lakes (Grant Co.)1
2020-06-28 13:09Sinlahekin Wildlife Area1
2020-06-24 07:03Mahoney Lake1
2020-07-01 06:25White Lake, Okanagan Falls2
2020-07-05 06:11Christmas Valley (town)1
2020-07-03 07:28Quilomene Wildlife Area/Old Vantage Highway1
2020-06-27 10:35Rose Valley Regional Park1
2020-07-02 12:44Sand Springs Campground1
2020-07-03 11:19Pumice Springs2
2020-06-20 14:15Methow Wildlife Area--Bear Creek Trail2
2020-07-02 10:56Pine Mountain Rd.1
2020-06-27 15:03Sullivan Pond1
2020-07-02 09:58Pine Mountain1
2020-06-25 13:36Twin Lakes Rd.1
2020-06-30 10:59Patterson Lake1
2020-07-04 10:30Cabin Lake1
2020-06-06 15:12Fort Rock SP1
2020-06-17 10:14Umptanum Road (Kittitas Co.)1
2020-06-06 09:00Methow Valley--Big Valley Trail1
2020-06-17 07:30Rimrock Springs WMA3
2020-07-03 08:48Skull Hollow Campground1
2020-07-01 10:36Cold Springs (BUT Co.)1
2020-06-24 06:33Camas Meadows2
2020-06-20 09:10Hardy Canyon1
2020-07-02 16:37North Wenas Road3
2020-07-03 13:14Liberty Area1
2020-07-02 11:16Humboldt Summit1
2020-06-18 10:17Old Blewett Highway1
2020-06-11 08:15Hatfield Lake1
2020-06-27 10:30Wenas Area2
2020-07-02 15:32Wenas Campground1
2020-06-16 10:20Wenas BBQ Flats Horse Camp3
2020-06-10 08:19Wahkiacus1
2020-06-24 06:12Tumalo SP1
2020-06-17 05:30Barr Rd.5
2020-06-11 08:15Tumalo Reservoir2
2020-06-15 11:49Stukel Mountain2
2020-06-14 08:00stakeout Eastern Phoebe, State Recreation Rd. (2004)1
2020-06-21 19:15Bethel Ridge Rd1
2020-06-14 10:06White River Wildlife Area--Dodson and Rock Ck. Rds.1
2020-06-16 08:52La Pine SP1
2020-06-14 13:12Balch Lake1
2020-07-05 12:48Calliope Crossing1
2020-06-19 08:18Conboy Lake NWR2
2020-07-03 08:28Conboy NWR--Willard Springs Foot Trail1
2020-06-10 08:37Conboy NWR--Visitor Center Headquarters1
2020-06-29 15:19Indian Ford Campground1
2020-06-30 14:55Upper Indian Ford Creek1
2020-06-17 13:31Cold Springs Campground1
2020-06-27 07:37Black Butte Swamp1
2020-06-18 11:00Collier Memorial SP1
2020-06-18 09:20Round Lake Rd.2
2020-06-17 15:01Gifford Pinchot NF--FR 82252
2020-07-01 09:10Bigelow Lakes1