The white-headed pigeon (Columba leucomela) is a pigeon native to the east coast of Australia, belonging to the same genus as the domestic pigeon C. livia.

The pigeon's habitat is from Cooktown, Queensland to southern New South Wales. It can commonly be found in tropical regions, subtropical rainforest, scrub, watercourses and street trees. Since colonisation of Australia, their numbers have decreased but they have thrived on the introduced Camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora).

The white-headed pigeon's nest generally consists of scanty twigs and is usually placed high in canopy up to 18 metres. It tends to lay one cream-white egg. Breeding is mostly from October to December.

The size of the pigeon varies from about 38 to 41 centimetres (15.2 to 16.4 inches). Plumage consists of a white head and breast with a glossy back area. Wings and tail are black. The bill is red with a yellowish tip. The eye ring and legs are red and the eyes are pale orange or yellow. Juveniles have a grey crown and breast.

These pigeons are often found alone, pairs or in small flocks. They are very quiet and elusive. Their flight is swift and direct. Their call is loud and gruff sounding like "WHOO!" followed by a gruff inhalation sounding "uk" (repeated three times). Sometimes the call is a low "oom".



White-headed pigeons feed on fruit in canopy but can also feed on the ground in the open. It also eats fallen grains in cornfields.
White-headed Pigeon
Date Location Count
2020-02-06 06:16Walker Bay Rainforest Rd1
2020-02-08 13:00Possum Valley1
2020-01-27 06:00Peterson Creek (Yungaburra)7
2020-01-31 17:49Bruce Jones Park (Yungaburra)2
2020-02-11 08:27Yungaburra3
2020-02-25 11:54Ringtail Crossing Nature Refuge (restricted access)1
2020-01-28 07:23Malanda Falls Conservation Park--1km loop walk1
2020-02-15 17:40Tarzali, Atherton Tablelands2
2020-02-12 11:30Paluma Village2
2020-02-04 08:01Crediton Hall3
2020-02-10 16:52Prince Henry Heights Park, Toowoomba1
2020-02-15 13:56Mt Tomah Botanical Gardens1
2020-02-08 08:30Bellbird Hollow, Brooloo (restricted access)2
2020-02-15 06:10Douglas Farm Rd, Kurrajong Hills1
2020-02-03 05:55Maleny National Park -- Banyo Road2
2020-01-29 17:20Thorne Rd, Curramore1
2020-02-16 07:00Bellthorpe Stays (restricted area)2
2020-02-02 05:45Kempwood Cottage (restricted access)1
2020-02-23 08:05Berganns Lane, Witta
2020-02-16 09:00Cooloolabin Dam1
2020-02-12 06:57Lake MacDonald Noosa Botanical Gardens8
2020-01-29 06:30Dixon Avenue, Maleny1
2020-01-29 07:00Baroon Pocket Dam--Northern Recreation Area1
2020-02-23 12:05Lake Baroon--south shore trail2
2020-01-31 17:00The Precinct Walk, Maleny1
2020-02-03 09:30Mary Cairncross Reserve1
2020-02-17 07:45D'Aguilar National Park--Lawton Rd4
2020-02-01 07:30Cahills Scrub Bushland Reserve (Peachester)4
2020-02-12 11:07Pitt Town Lagoon3
2020-01-30 06:21D'Aguilar National Park--Browns Rd1
2020-02-11 07:15D'Aguilar National Park--Westside Track1
2020-01-31 16:18D'Aguilar National Park--Joyners Ridge Rd
2020-02-11 06:32Sapling Pocket Reserve--Road Loop (restricted access)1
2020-02-22 15:20Cullendulla Nature Reserve1
2020-02-14 07:39Morris St, Dayboro1
2020-02-22 06:07Old Creamtruck Rd, Dayboro2
2020-02-24 08:13Robertson4
2020-02-19 05:30Rush Creek Rd, Dayboro (permit and farmer's permission required)1
2020-02-26 06:19Cumberland Rd, Wights Mountain (restricted access)1
2020-02-02 16:03Dalmeny6
2020-02-07 19:04Beauty Point (Wallaga Lake)7
2020-02-09 15:04Wallaga Lake entrance1
2020-02-25 07:05Lothlorien, Bellawongarah (Restricted Access)5
2020-01-28 19:53Bermagui Golf Course1
2020-02-10 17:08Bellawongarah (Berry Mountain)2
2020-02-21 09:25Bendthualaly, Bellawongarah (private property)6
2020-02-02 16:42Narrawallee Inlet2
2020-02-01 06:10Bellbird Grove Entrance at AS1 Break Gate1
2020-02-15 08:14Karbeethong2
2020-01-31 08:00Millards Creek (Ulladulla)2
2020-02-23 08:55Eden2
2020-02-12 07:00Kumbartcho Sanctuary1
2020-02-04 17:40Mount Kembla Coal History Walking Trail1
2020-02-11 08:18Coachwood Park1
2020-02-08 08:16Cordeaux Heights4
2020-02-22 15:30Westleigh Park, Westleigh2
2020-02-25 07:15Jamberoo1
2020-02-16 07:49Sinnamon Park Riverside Walk1
2020-02-01 09:22Byarong Creek Walking Track (Figtree)1
2020-02-16 07:07Sherwood Arboretum2
2020-02-22 17:23Wollongong Botanic Garden1
2020-01-29 11:30Pembroke Park - Terry's Creek Crossing1
2020-02-24 11:49Jerrara Dam2
2020-02-21 07:50Helensburgh1
2020-02-17 15:00Oatley Park1
2020-01-27 10:30Hidden Valley, Palmgrove3
2020-02-17 07:32Lime Kiln Bay Reserve and Wetlands2
2020-02-11 09:00Spring Creek Wetland, Kiama9
2020-02-04 06:10Wanda, Yarramalong Valley (restricted access)3
2020-02-10 08:40Kiama Coastal Track1
2020-02-16 07:30Palm Grove Nature Reserve2
2020-02-23 12:16Whites Hill Reserve1
2020-02-13 06:40Bulimba Creek b/w Old Cleveland Rd and Winstanley St1
2020-01-28 17:30Dividend Street Park (Mansfield)4
2020-02-15 19:30Currarong1
2020-02-01 09:07Palmdale3
2020-02-23 07:30Boys Walk (Avondale College, Cooranbong)1
2020-02-23 16:30Old Brush Gallery, Brunkerville3
2020-02-16 07:00Berrys Head Reserve (Wyoming)3
2020-02-06 17:00Lisarow--Cutrock Drive1
2020-02-02 10:35Katandra Reserve, Matcham1
2020-02-14 17:33Gloucester Caravan Park & adjacent Town Park7
2020-02-04 07:10Tamborine National Park--Joalah Section1
2020-02-08 09:00Tall Trees Motel, Mt Tamborine (restricted access)1
2020-02-26 09:43Lamington National Park--Python Rock track1
2020-02-17 06:40Lamington National Park--Morans Falls Track
2020-02-25 06:10O'Reilly's Rainforest Retreat2
2020-01-27 07:45Border Ranges National Park--Blackbutts Lookout3
2020-02-02 06:25Nymboida Canoe Centre, Goolang Creek2
2020-02-05 13:48Springbrook National Park--Tallanbana Picnic Area1
2020-02-05 10:05Springbrook National Park--Twin Falls Circuit3
2020-01-29 09:30Harley-Smith Reserve, Tallebudgera Valley1
2020-02-10 09:11Carrs Island Bridge1
2020-01-27 07:28Tilligerry Habitat, Tanilba Bay6
2020-02-01Mount Warning Holiday Park2
2020-02-10 07:39Bunyip Creek, Trenayr1
2020-02-16 09:38Boorganna Nature Reserve3
2020-02-09 06:39Schuster Park4
2020-02-04 17:13Ulmarra2
2020-02-16 08:48Ponsfords Rd, Comboyne6
2020-02-12 08:16Rocky Creek Dam1
2020-02-16 08:15Comboyne Village Park4
2020-02-04 15:17Whian Whian SCA--Rummery Park Campground2
2020-01-27 06:45Booyong Flora Reserve
2020-01-31 11:25Victoria Park Nature Reserve (Alstonville)2
2020-02-25 07:50Black Rocks Sports Oval (Pottsville)2
2020-02-15 07:49Watson home (restricted access)2
2020-02-16 18:48Huntingdon2
2020-01-31 17:47Pacific Motorway at -28.60833, 153.546941
2020-02-23 14:48Kingsworth Lake (restricted access)3
2020-02-26 09:43Urunga Wetlands Boardwalk1
2020-02-20 17:21West Byron Wetlands (Restricted access - Council key required)6
2020-02-11 10:20Saltwater National Park12
2020-02-15 17:05Mylestrom1
2020-02-22 07:40Campbells Common, Cumbalum2
2020-02-22 12:03Mud Bishops Point Reserve1
2020-02-21 07:07Ballina Heights North1
2020-02-03 18:41Byron Bay Tourist Village1
2020-02-03 09:57Kendall2
2020-02-22 15:48King Creek Rd Swamp, Wauchope3
2020-02-11 17:39Burrawan State Forest--Old Bottlebutt1
2020-02-15 17:36Old Sewage Ponds (Byron Bay)1
2020-02-15 08:52Sundowner Tiona Tourist Park3
2020-02-10 12:26Queens Lake Sailing Club2
2020-02-20 11:10Belmore River2
2020-02-23 16:00South West Rocks2
2020-02-23 17:00Boyters Lane, Jerseyville3
2020-01-28Kooloonbung Reserve, Port Macquarie
2020-02-03 14:57Lyndale Ave, Port Macquarie1
2020-02-12 17:26Flynns Beach, Port Macquarie1
2020-02-26 06:15Blair Reserve, Port Macquarie3