The speckled pigeon (Columba guinea), or (African) rock pigeon, is a pigeon that is a resident breeding bird in much of Africa south of the Sahara. It is a common and widespread species in open habitats over much of its range, although there are sizable gaps in its distribution.

This species builds a large stick nest on protected rocky outcrops and in urban areas often atop covered pergola pillars and on flat roofs under deep eaves and lays two white eggs. Its flight is quick, with regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings that are characteristic of pigeons in general.

This is a large pigeon at 41 cm in length. Its back and wings are rufous, the latter heavily speckled with white spots. The rest of the upperparts and underparts are blue-grey, and the head is grey with red patches around the eye. The neck is brownish, streaked with white, and the legs are red. The call is a loud doo-doo-doo.

Sexes are similar, but immatures are browner than adults and lack the red eye patches.

The speckled pigeon is frequently seen around human habitation and cultivation. Most of its food is vegetable, and it gathers in large numbers where grain or groundnuts are available.



Speckled Pigeon
Date Location Count
2020-09-05 20:26Onseepkans20
2020-09-14 12:25Augrabies Falls NP20
2020-09-04 02:55Bird Island NP3
2020-09-02 08:16Maasai Mara NR--Mara Triangle
2020-08-21St Helena Bay
2020-09-08 06:49Keimoes5
2020-09-15 12:34Kuifkopvisvanger Farm1
2020-08-22 09:56West Coast NP--Seeburg Viewpoint4
2020-09-05 16:24Naboisho Conservancy
2020-09-19 07:54West Coast NP--Geelbek hides vicinity2
2020-08-22 13:26Sululta Plain14
2020-08-23 08:00Barina Swamp, Sawaiti Wetlands
2020-09-09 17:39Calvinia6
2020-08-29 09:30Lake Koka--western shore2
2020-09-03 16:32Blouberg--Dolphin Beach5
2020-09-19 16:06Rietvlei Wetlands Reserve5
2020-08-24 17:26Raapenberg Bird Sanctuary1
2020-08-24 11:37Intaka Island1
2020-09-12 10:22Wildevoelvlei
2020-08-30 13:14Hells Gate NP
2020-09-05 10:33Tokai Forest--Orphan Rd1
2020-09-11 13:22Tygerberg Nature Reserve3
2020-09-17 07:52Kirstenhof Wetland1
2020-08-30 06:59Lake Naivasha--Crescent Island7
2020-09-07 07:19Kilimandege House and Sanctuary
2020-09-05 10:57Rondevlei Nature Reserve2
2020-09-10 10:59Strandfontein WTP10
2020-08-31 11:03Ol Pejeta Conservancy
2020-09-19 17:39Blaauwklippen Wine Estate (restricted access)2
2020-08-22 12:23Stellenboschberg--Upper trail1
2020-09-09 12:21Paardevlei1
2020-09-11 16:30KEFRI Lands, Kikuyu2
2020-08-23 08:31Platbos Forest1
2020-09-01 07:32De Hoop Nature Reserve
2020-08-30 17:35Mandegee farm1
2020-08-29 05:13Mokala NP1
2020-09-05 07:08Borakalalo NP1
2020-09-14 07:57Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden4
2020-09-15 09:26Little Falls Nature Reserve4
2020-09-18 16:27Kloofendal Municipal Nature Reserve3
2020-09-16 07:10Eagle Canyon Golf Estate7
2020-09-03 07:34Wilderness NP--Half-collared Kingfisher trail4
2020-08-23 09:12Modderfontein Reserve1
2020-09-01 08:34Rietvlei Nature Reserve10
2020-08-30 07:28Mkhombo Nature Reserve4
2020-09-13 06:55Thokoza Wetland3
2020-08-26 14:51Steenbock Nature Reserve2
2020-09-02 07:27Vaal Dam grasslands11
2020-09-19 07:03Bronkhorstspruit Dam2
2020-08-23 09:12Mabusa Nature Reserve2
2020-08-30 06:59Wilge River Valley (upper)
2020-09-13 06:01Marievale Bird Sanctuary1
2020-08-29 07:10Ezemvelo Nature Reserve10
2020-09-06 07:00Leeupan (Mpumalanga Province)10
2020-09-19 09:00Alzu Rest Stop26
2020-09-18 07:28Zuurbron farm2
2020-09-03 08:19Cape St Frances3
2020-08-26 06:00Kaapsehoop, Dandelion Cottage
2020-09-17 05:57Kaapschehoop/Blue Swallow Reserve
2020-09-04 07:57Harrismith2
2020-09-01 06:00Kruger NP--Satara Camp1
2020-08-25 08:00Nduma--Grasslands/Wetlands1
2020-08-22 13:23Ladysmith - Malandeni SW2
2020-09-08 13:15Matsapha Sewage Ponds3
2020-08-30 10:00Mahamba Gorge4
2020-08-23 08:20Hole in the Wall2