The variable sunbird (or yellow-bellied sunbird), Cinnyris venustus (formerly Nectarinia venusta), is a sunbird. The sunbirds are a group of small Old World passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed most of the time.

The variable sunbird is a fairly common resident breeder in equatorial Africa. Two eggs are laid in a suspended nest in a tree. This species is found in open woodland and cultivation.

Variable sunbirds are small, only 10 cm long. They have medium-length thin down-curved bills and brush-tipped tubular tongues, both adaptations to their nectar feeding.

The adult male has a glossy green head, throat and nape, and a maroon breast band. In most subspecies, the belly of the male is yellow, but in a few it is orange or white. The female has grey-brown upperparts and yellowish underparts, and an obvious pale supercilium. The eclipse male is like the female, but shows some green, especially on the throat. The call is a clear tew-tew-tew-tew-tew .



Variable Sunbird
Date Location Count
2021-05-15 08:00Liberty Dam2
2021-04-18 08:00Gisenyi
2021-05-08 11:10Cyamudongo Forest3
2021-04-19 14:30Gisakura Guest House
2021-04-30 08:27Nyungwe Forest Lodge3
2021-05-16 07:11Mountain Gorilla Nest Hotel2
2021-04-28 14:31Rangiro Road1
2021-05-08 10:01Lake Bihinga1
2021-05-13 18:14Mgahinga NP2
2021-05-07 08:09Bwindi-Impenetrable NP--Ruhija Community Rest Camp1
2021-05-03 07:19Nyungwe Forest NP2
2021-05-08 06:30Ruhengeri--general area
2021-04-25 12:45Ruhondo wetland1
2021-05-12 10:28Fazenda Sengha1
2021-05-08 06:47Nyarutarama Lake and Golf Course2
2021-05-16 08:05Inyange Factory Wetland1
2021-05-08 08:02UMUSAMBI VILLAGE - Wetlands and Grey Crowned Crane rehabilitation2
2021-04-24 10:26Kabalega Diner1
2021-04-17 13:48Nkima Forest Lodge1
2021-05-08 10:35Lutembe Bay Ramsar Site3
2021-05-08 09:00Mt Moroto Foothills3
2021-05-08 08:11Kakamega Forest NR--Zimmerman Plot/Isecheno Forest Station
2021-05-02 15:36Kakamega Forest NR--Ikuywa River1
2021-05-11 11:24Angama Lodge (Ol Kurruk)2
2021-05-09 11:02Maasai Mara NR--Mara Triangle
2021-05-08 12:07Southwest Mau Forest @ Chebangang2
2021-04-30 06:30Serengeti NP--Seronera4
2021-05-15 09:21Menagesha Forest1
2021-05-05 07:21St Andrews Turi, KE (-0.279, 35.764)2
2021-05-08 07:30Olderikesi Conservancy
2021-05-08 07:10Crater Lane, Menengai3
2021-05-10 14:20Narok (general)2
2021-05-08 06:21Mutinondo Wilderness1
2021-05-08 06:38Soysambu Conservency
2021-05-08 10:51Lake Elementaita--Serena Camp (formerly Delamere Camp)4
2021-05-08 15:01Lake Elementaita Hot Spring1
2021-05-08 00:17Malewa River Lodge3
2021-05-08Kisima Ngeda Tented Camp
2021-05-08 07:25Lake Naivasha--Camp Carnelley's and Fisherman's Camp
2021-04-28 10:21Kilimandege House and Sanctuary2
2021-05-08 06:42KWS Hippo Camp, Lake Naivasha1
2021-04-28 09:28Lake Muchlur/Austin1
2021-04-17 07:55Ifisi Ravine1
2021-05-10 06:23Segera Retreat (Restricted access)1
2021-05-15 09:28Solio Game Reserve
2021-05-08 09:50Manguo Swamp7
2021-05-08 08:30Brackenhurst6
2021-05-04 16:30KEFRI Lands, Kikuyu8
2021-04-24 07:58Nyeri (general)
2021-05-15 08:00Red Hill, Limuru5
2021-04-22 08:45South Luangwa NP--Mfuwe Lodge
2021-05-08 08:13Mount Kenya Safari Club/William Holden Wildlife Foundation1
2021-05-13 07:55Upper Magadi Road (from Corner Baridi to Oltepesi/Olorgesaillie)
2021-05-13 10:13Ololua Ridge/Forest Line Rd.2
2021-05-08 11:52Ngong Forest Sanctuary (west section)
2021-05-08 15:00U of N Kabete Campus & Field Station (incl. Loresho Swamp)2
2021-05-08 07:58Ololua Forest and Nature Trail2
2021-05-08 11:21Borana Conservancy1
2021-05-09 11:13Ngong Forest Sanctuary1
2021-05-08 09:11Langata Giraffe Centre (incl. ravine trail)1
2021-05-08 06:29Borana Conservancy--Borana Wildlife Lodge1
2021-05-16 06:00Kfeet, Wetlands & Lily Lake, Karura Forest1
2021-05-08 07:39Nairobi River @ National Museums of Kenya (incl. Boulevard Hotel)2
2021-05-08 08:16Nairobi NP--Nagolomon Dam4
2021-05-14 09:09Nairobi NP6
2021-05-08 14:49Lewa Wildlife Conservancy2
2021-05-08 13:55Gitathura Dam, Thika1
2021-05-08 07:05Dandora WTP, Ruai12
2021-05-08 06:36Thika Wastewater Treatment Plant1
2021-05-08 07:57Eluanata Dam1
2021-04-20 07:47Lukenya Hill (1600-1820m)1
2021-05-08 07:47Monduli Forest Reserve1
2021-05-13 08:00Magongo Hills8
2021-05-08 08:34Engikaret Lark Plains1
2021-05-08 08:18Engikaret Lark Plains--Acacia Scrub to South1
2021-05-13 14:50Arusha Airport1
2021-05-08 11:42Masinga Dam2
2021-05-08 08:02Arusha NP1
2021-05-08 07:24Lake Duluti1
2021-05-08 07:50Danish Forest4
2021-04-23 15:56Kilima Safari Camp (-2.0768,37.4605)1
2021-05-08 13:23Oloitokitok Riverine Forest Remnant1
2021-05-12 08:05Outward Bound School and surrounds1
2021-05-16 08:07Mandegee farm1
2021-05-08 06:52Greystone Nature Preserve1
2021-05-14 16:32Harare--Mukuvisi Woodlands1
2021-05-08 08:27Dzalanyama Forest Reserve1
2021-05-08 15:45Taita Lowlands--Lumo Conservancy/Taita Hills Wildlife Sanctuary2
2021-05-08 06:30Taita Hills (general)5
2021-05-08 06:19Nyanga NP12
2021-05-09 08:49Aberfoyle Lodge1
2021-05-08 12:26Pungwe River bridge2
2021-05-08 17:19Katiyo Tea Estate3
2021-05-08 06:12Tana Delta--Kalota1