The brown-headed gull (Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus) is a small gull which breeds in the high plateaus of central Asia from Tajikistan to Ordos in Inner Mongolia. It is migratory, wintering on the coasts and large inland lakes of tropical southern Asia. As is the case with many gulls, was traditionally placed in the genus Larus.

This gull breeds in colonies in large reedbeds or marshes, or on islands in lakes, nesting on the ground. Like most gulls, it is highly gregarious in winter, both when feeding or in evening roosts. It is not a pelagic species, and is rarely seen at sea far from coasts.

This is a bold and opportunist feeder, which will scavenge in towns or take invertebrates in ploughed fields with equal relish.

The brown-headed gull is slightly larger than black-headed gull. The summer adult has a pale brown head, lighter than that of black-headed, a pale grey body, and red bill and legs. The black tips to the primary wing feathers have conspicuous white "mirrors". The underwing is grey with black flight feathers. The brown hood is lost in winter, leaving just dark vertical streaks.

This bird takes two years to reach maturity. First year birds have a black terminal tail band, more dark areas in the wings, and, in summer, a less homogeneous hood.

This is a noisy species, especially at colonies.



Brown-headed Gull
Date Location Count
2021-03-03 09:15Haleji Lake6
2021-02-09 14:30Topansar Lake
2021-02-23 08:55Rukmavati River13
2021-02-22 05:08Dhrabudi Beach6
2021-02-22 13:52Saltpans near Vadinar6
2021-02-15 07:30Mokarsagar Wetland Complex5
2021-02-21 16:23Dhinchada Lake14
2021-02-28 14:12Lakhota Lake300
2021-02-21 07:46Vibhapar60
2021-02-22 07:28Sachana Beach10
2021-02-26 13:15Balachadi Beach8
2021-02-28 18:19Nyari-2 Dam50
2021-02-11 08:48Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary34
2021-02-27 16:01Nalsarovar--Flamingo Sankul10
2021-02-14 10:05Nalsarovar Outskirts--Aniyali7
2021-02-26 16:45Avaniya Lake30
2021-02-14 14:24Rancharda Lake6
2021-02-14 07:42Narmada Canal, Karai15
2021-02-23 08:18Mahi Check Dam at Sindhrot15
2021-02-28 08:15Kalai3
2021-02-20 09:11Virar--Tuss Khadi Beach, Arnala1
2021-02-07 12:05Kolhapurwadi2
2021-02-12 08:00Gorai jetty20
2021-02-17 08:26Mindscape, Malad Creek8
2021-03-01 06:24Mumbai -- Hanging Garden100
2021-02-10 07:00Vile Parle Mumbai (19.101, 72.853)1
2021-02-07 07:30Mahim Nature Park, Mumbai50
2021-02-24 15:09Sewri Jetty, Mumbai215
2021-02-07 07:00Godrej mangroves, Vikhroli15
2021-02-08 08:43Alibaug--Akshi Beach200
2021-02-21 06:15Bhandup Pumping Station -- creek mudflats10
2021-02-27 08:30Bhandup Pumping Station18
2021-02-04 08:10Thane Creek263
2021-02-28 11:35Thane creek Flamingo sanctuary, Airoli40
2021-02-07 12:09Panje, Uran2
2021-02-04 12:49JNPT Area, Near Uran, Maharashtra4
2021-03-03 17:35Kolshet Creek11
2021-02-26 09:37Coastal and marine biodiversity center12
2021-02-06 16:17Revdanda Beach6
2021-02-21 07:00Bamandev Mandir10
2021-02-21 07:12TS Chanakya College, Navi Mumbai10
2021-02-26 09:55Nerul Wetland Flamingo Point15
2021-02-07 19:56Seawoods--Navi Mumbai1
2021-02-08 08:07Sea Woods Flamingo Refuge Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra 400706120
2021-02-28 10:00Lake DPS school, Navi Mumbai5
2021-02-14 12:30Flamingo Watching Point10
2021-02-19 08:09Kopar Wetlands- Juni Dombivli - Ganesh Ghat10
2021-02-21 08:05Panvel Creek View - Sector 1131
2021-03-04 08:00Satpool Wetlands1
2021-02-11 08:47Kopargaon1
2021-02-26 17:10Kharghar wetlands, Kharghar10
2021-02-27 07:40Sector 25, Kharghar6
2021-02-27 10:00Sector 17, Kharghar80
2021-03-03 07:16Sector 28, Kharghar2
2021-02-17 16:00Gandhari Forest Land8
2021-02-15 17:30Bhatye Bridge, Ratnagiri4
2021-02-15 14:14Dal Lake1
2021-02-12 11:45Veer Dam1
2021-02-25 16:06Chapora Estuary150
2021-02-14 10:15Ribandar Causeway, Panjim8
2021-02-21 08:14Beas river Hargobindpur1
2021-02-28 07:00Agacaim Tidal mudflats
2021-03-02 12:00Betalbatim
2021-02-18 07:15Rankala Lake, Kolhapur1
2021-02-22 10:15Sthana, near Shah Nehar Barrage Lake1
2021-02-28 07:57Bhigwan -- Kumbhargaon Bird Sanctuary
2021-02-14 13:56Gandhisagar Sanctuary3
2021-02-16 06:30Bhigwan -- Agneepankh birding area20
2021-02-12 12:18Pong Dam--Nagrota Surian4
2021-02-15 07:00Jaipur--Floating Palace2
2021-02-27 15:04Lake Man Sagar, Jaipur1
2021-02-14 08:01Barkhera1
2021-02-04 15:15Babaji Ki Paal--Kanota Dam
2021-02-28 07:59Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary6
2021-02-28 07:10Kodi--Kundapura50
2021-02-23 07:29Kundapura Inland Jetty8
2021-02-28 12:54Sasihitlu Beach & Estuary4
2021-02-06 07:15Sasihitlu -- Beach and Estuary10
2021-02-27 07:11Pelagic HotSpot, Mangalore , IN (12.85, 74.79)8
2021-02-27 06:44Old Mangalore Port (Dakke)10
2021-02-28 15:14Kumbla-Shiriya Estuary
2021-02-15 06:43Bhutnal Kere ಭೂತನಾಳ ಕೆರೆ6
2021-02-07 11:16Krishna River Bridge, Kolhar ಕೃಷ್ಣಾ ನದಿ ಸೇತುವೆ, ಕೊಲ್ಹಾರ20
2021-02-21 07:30Chithari Estuary2
2021-02-08 06:53Alamatti Backwaters--Herkal ಆಲಮಟ್ಟಿ ಹಿನ್ನೀರು--ಹೆರ್ಕಲ್2
2021-02-21 07:21Mallapur Island ಮಲ್ಲಾಪುರ ನಡುಗಡ್ಡೆ18
2021-02-14 10:00Yamuna Biodiversity Park phase 2 IN-DL25
2021-02-21 08:00Yamuna Khadar, Wazirabad45
2021-02-07 11:20Ettikulam Beach
2021-02-19 08:09Yamuna Khadar,Geeta Colony IN/DL
2021-03-04 09:00Okhla Bird Sanctuary2
2021-03-03 07:34Kalindi Kinj Park12
2021-02-13 02:10Okhla Barrage4
2021-02-12 14:59Sindhu Ghat1
2021-02-25 17:09Mappila Bay4
2021-03-01 09:46Tungabhadra Backwaters--Bannigola ತುಂಗಭದ್ರಾ ಹಿನ್ನೀರು, ಬನ್ನಿಗೋಳ5
2021-02-28 08:00Ankasamudra Bird Sanctuary ಅಂಕಸಮುದ್ರ ಪಕ್ಷಿಧಾಮ2
2021-02-27 16:10Tungabhadra backwaters--Varadapura ತುಂಗಭದ್ರಾ ಹಿನ್ನೀರು--ವರದಾಪುರ4
2021-02-20 06:52Van Vihar NP
2021-02-28 07:43Soor Sarovar Bird Sanctuary1
2021-02-25 06:40Bhosga Kere ಭೋಸ್ಗಾ ಕೆರೆ2
2021-02-14 14:00Halali Dam15
2021-02-21 10:00Haiderpur Wetlands and Bijnor Barrage25
2021-02-19 07:10Ponnani Beach3
2021-02-23 12:32Chamravattom Bridge5
2021-02-14 12:15Virbhadra Barrage, Rishikesh5
2021-02-21 06:30Munakakkadavu
2021-02-14 16:30Husainpura Bridge ಹುಸೇನಪುರ ಸೇತುವೆ6
2021-02-05 12:40Satpura Tiger Reserve--Denwa backwaters1
2021-02-15 17:41Changaram Wetlands -- Ezhupunna1
2021-02-10 16:54Upperwardha Dam, Morshi, Amravati Dt5
2021-03-02 17:08Vayalar temple2
2021-02-14 10:56Purakkad11
2021-02-14 10:26Thottappally2
2021-02-28 07:20Pallana Beach29
2021-02-14 15:20Baur Reservoir, Haldwani12
2021-02-11 06:00Osman Sagar Lake1
2021-02-18 22:25Ameenpur Lake, Hyderabad
2021-02-14 05:45Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary3
2021-02-05 09:00Alaganuru Reservoir3
2021-02-14 15:30Pannavadi, Mettur பண்ணவாடி, மேட்டூர்3
2021-02-15 15:30Danishpet Lake டேனிஷ்பேட்டை ஏரி1
2021-02-08 10:00Pilibhit Tiger Reserve15
2021-02-13 13:00Chattarpur, Jabalpur6
2021-02-21 06:35Nochimedu Lake (நொச்சிமெடு எரி)20
2021-02-24 11:00Chinna Veerampattinam Beach45
2021-02-21 10:16Chembarambakkam Lake20
2021-02-16 06:30Buckingham Canal--Kaipanikuppam70
2021-02-21 12:30Mudhaliyarkuppam Backwaters / Odiyur Lake5
2021-02-12 13:10Pulicat Lake--Annamalaicheri5
2021-02-27 07:30Pulicat Lake (TN section)30
2021-02-18 10:33Kelambakkam Backwaters30
2021-02-27 06:45Adayaru Estuary10
2021-03-02 14:05Muttukadu Backwaters15
2021-02-12 06:55Kasimedu Fishing Harbour150
2021-02-13 15:20Vivanta by Taj6
2021-02-18 08:53Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary--Saltpans40
2021-02-07 10:40Adam's Bridge40
2021-02-25 10:12Triveni Sangam Allahabad150
2021-02-06 08:00Uppu Revu Mudflats & Sandspit (Krishna Sanctuary)20
2021-03-04 07:45Urumalei1000
2021-02-13 07:14Mannar Island--Talaimannar200
2021-02-20 12:30Mannar Island--southern coast
2021-02-12 15:48Wetland 500m NW of Palmyra House67
2021-02-21 14:00Mannar Island--Korakulam
2021-02-22 17:05Mandativu4
2021-02-26 06:43Medawachiya Hwy @09.05491, 079.8571222
2021-02-27 16:30Medawachiya Hwy @09.05491, 079.85712250
2021-02-24 07:00Mannar Causeway11
2021-02-28 13:03Vankalai Marine Wildlife Sanctuary1
2021-02-20 16:00Vankalai Bird Sanctuary
2021-02-05 07:00Vankalai Pond60
2021-02-26 10:00Thiruketheewaram Rd @ 08.94079, 079.954551
2021-02-13 17:30Puttalam Saltworks2800
2021-02-26 06:00Giant's Tank Sanctuary1
2021-02-13 07:00Chilaw Sand Spit22
2021-02-24 17:30Dashashwamedh Ghat, Varanasi8
2021-02-18 11:00Creek near Coromandel44
2021-03-03 03:15Bundala NP (General)2
2021-02-27 17:28National Institute of Technology (NIT Patna) Gulzarbagh,7
2021-02-21 15:05Dhurwa Dam Reservoir2
2021-02-14 13:32Dhurwa Dam side road Ranchi1
2021-02-07 13:06Rukka Dam, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India2
2021-02-13 14:09Chilika Lake--Mangalajodi
2021-02-07 07:09Farakka IBA Panchanandapur6
2021-02-19 09:45Sagar Island40
2021-02-28 07:18Gajoldoba Barrage JG2
2021-02-19 08:15Frazergunj
2021-02-07 06:45Bakkhali sea beach4
2021-02-19 11:40Henry's island
2021-02-21 08:01Padma River & Chars (Rajshahi)1
2021-02-21 08:08Bali Island-Bali Village7
2021-02-20 11:45Sunderbans Tiger Reserve1
2021-03-03 15:44Thimpu Sewage Lagoons2
2021-02-27 08:30Tanguar Haor
2021-03-04 07:08Nijhum Dwip NP--Domar Char
2021-03-02 14:10Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary1
2021-02-09 10:04Muhuri Dam (Feni)35
2021-02-12 09:16Sonadia Island (Cox's Bazar)52
2021-02-09 06:40Himchori NP5
2021-02-17 06:20St. Martin's Island1
2021-02-04 08:12Kokilamukh- Bar Saral beel1
2021-02-18 13:00纳帕海 (Napa Lake)8
2021-02-19 15:50小普陀 (Little Putuo)1
2021-02-05 06:48Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area--Waterbird Park2
2021-02-25 08:35Bueng Boraphet Non-hunting Area (general area)1
2021-02-27 07:03Bang Tabun Ok "Duck & Ibis" Lake84
2021-02-19 10:43Bang Tabun Bay30
2021-02-04 15:17Ban Bang Kao Beach300
2021-02-23 16:03Pak Thale Nature Reserve (general area)120
2021-02-07 06:00Pak Thale Nature Reserve--intertidal mud flats only
2021-02-27 12:52Laem Phak Bia--salt pans east of Hwy. 402850
2021-02-27 12:52Laem Phak Bia--salt pans west of Hwy. 402850
2021-02-18 17:00Laem Phak Bia--"abandoned building" wetlands
2021-02-13 06:55Laem Phak Bia--Had Sai Med Rak Viewpoint12
2021-02-19 17:19Laem Phak Bia--Laem Luang Beach34
2021-02-19 16:15Laem Phak Bia--sandspit115
2021-02-27 08:30Inner Gulf Pelagic--off Samut Sakhon5
2021-02-27 07:08Wat Asokaram (Asokaram Temple)26
2021-03-02 10:08Bang Pu--Recreation Center150
2021-02-13 09:30Inner Gulf Pelagic--off Chon Buri10
2021-02-08 11:29Wat Hong Thong (Hong Thong Temple)5
2021-02-14 10:30Rong Payaban Kao Road37
2021-02-10 13:00Jinghu Park10
2021-02-16 16:01Mianyuan River, Deyang10