The European nightjar, Eurasian nightjar or just nightjar (Caprimulgus europaeus) is a crepuscular and nocturnal bird in the nightjar family that breeds across most of Europe and temperate Asia. The Latin generic name refers to the old myth that the nocturnal nightjar suckled goats, causing them to cease to give milk. The six subspecies differ clinally, the birds becoming smaller and paler towards the east of the range. All populations are migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. Their densely patterned grey and brown plumage makes individuals difficult to see in the daytime when they rest on the ground or perch motionless along a branch, although the male shows white patches in the wings and tail as he flies at night.

The preferred habitat is dry, open country with some trees and small bushes, such as heaths, forest clearings or newly planted woodland. The male European nightjar occupies a territory in spring and advertises his presence with a distinctive sustained churring trill from a perch. He patrols his territory with wings held in a V and tail fanned, chasing intruders while wing-clapping and calling. Wing clapping also occurs when the male chases the female in a spiralling display flight. The European nightjar does not build a nest, and its two grey and brown blotched eggs are laid directly on the ground; they hatch after about 17–21 days and the downy chicks fledge in another 16–17 days.

The European nightjar feeds on a wide variety of flying insects, which it seizes in flight, often fly-catching from a perch. It hunts by sight, silhouetting its prey against the night sky. Its eyes are relatively large, each with a reflective layer, which improves night vision. It appears not to rely on its hearing to find insects and does not echolocate. Drinking and bathing take place during flight. Although it suffers a degree of predation and parasitism, the main threats to the species are habitat loss, disturbance and a reduction of its insect prey through pesticide use. Despite population decreases, its large numbers and huge breeding range mean that it is classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as being of Least Concern.
Eurasian Nightjar
Date Location Count
2021-07-17 19:16Ribeira da Cabrela2
2021-07-13 18:44PP Arriba Fóssil da Costa da Caparica--Mata da Quinta do Texugo1
2021-07-15 20:10Albufeira do Arnóia1
2021-07-10 09:30Porto do Son--Praia de Espiñeirido2
2021-07-17 22:00Porto do Son--Veigas do Río Sieira4
2021-07-28 18:30Duna e praia de Traba2
2021-06-30 21:50RN Estuário do Tejo--Monte de Pancas3
2021-07-21 07:00Paul de Manique1
2021-07-05 12:40Illas Cíes PN--Illa do Faro (Arboreda)1
2021-07-19 09:12Esteiro do Miño--Marisma de Salcidos1
2021-07-02 23:10Lares1
2021-07-18 11:23Illa de Arousa--Península de O Carreirón1
2021-07-11 05:59Lagoa de Melides1
2021-07-08 22:13PN Litoral Norte--litoral de Belinho1
2021-07-23 23:50Nigrán--Albores Grande (Outerio y fincas)1
2021-07-09 22:25PN Litoral Norte--mata de pinheiro e folhosas entre Fão e Apúlia1
2021-07-06 21:21Monte da Nossa Senhora da Guia1
2021-07-11RN Dunas de São Jacinto--área geral2
2021-07-26 17:13Paul da Gouxa1
2021-07-18 00:30Monte da Virgem1
2021-07-29 09:35RN Paul de Arzila1
2021-07-18 17:39RN Paul do Boquilobo--área geral1
2021-07-14 01:25Alfena1
2021-07-17 22:30Mata Nacional do Buçaco3
2021-07-26 23:05Vila de Cruces--Brandomés1
2021-07-17 22:10PN Peneda-Gerês--Ameijoeira-Laceiras1
2021-07-17 21:32PN Peneda-Gerês--Ameijoeira-Varziela2
2021-07-25 21:32Ribeiro da Concavada1
2021-07-17 23:40PN Peneda-Gerês--Percurso Teso-Portos-Bico1
2021-07-02 21:25Foz da ribeira do Vale Vaqueiro3
2021-07-19 23:35Centro urbano de Ribeira de Pena1
2021-07-15 22:03Bruceira1
2021-07-15 21:33Mata Rainha/Calçadão1
2021-07-22 05:39Vila Cortês da Serra1
2021-07-18 05:42PN Serra de São Mamede--Quinta do Pomarinho1
2021-07-02 10:55Lugo--Barrio de Galegos, Urbanización O Castelo1
2021-07-25 22:33Terra Chá--Lagoa de Cospeito ou de Valverde1
2021-07-16 23:00Castelo de Monterrei2
2021-07-03 05:23PN Serra de São Mamede--alto de São Mamede1
2021-07-26 23:46Xove--Punta de Morás1
2021-07-17 22:28Penha Garcia1
2021-07-10 22:46Pedrafita do Cebreiro--O Cebreiro1
2021-07-26 00:00Castelo Rodrigo1
2021-07-09 21:00Vale Carapito2
2021-07-26 21:05Gata--Arroyo de San Blas3
2021-07-08 22:18Puebla de Sanabria--Embalse de Cernadilla1
2021-07-10 05:00Vila Chã da Ribeira1
2021-07-20 23:20Sierra de la Culebra--San Pedro de las Herrerías-Campamento2
2021-07-07 09:32Puerto de Foncebadón1
2021-07-14 00:05San Martín de Luiña - área general1
2021-07-15 22:15Navarredonda de la Rinconada--Huertos del pueblo1
2021-07-27 20:20Zamora--Monte Concejo1
2021-07-02 20:06La Garganta--El Horcajuelo1
2021-07-01 21:45Jaraíz de la Vera--Pinar de las Costeras2
2021-07-29 06:20Embalse de la Granda2
2021-07-19 23:00Santovenia del Esla--monte6
2021-07-24 21:47La Torre del Valle--Área General5
2021-07-26 19:32Gallegos de Solmirón--Sierra Ventosa1
2021-07-21 14:42Valencia de Don Juan--Monte Grande1
2021-07-22 19:33Santa Colomba de Curueño--Embalse de Barrio2
2021-06-30 06:46Azud de Riolobos1
2021-07-11 06:35Castronuño--Los Infiernicos1
2021-07-18 13:50Navarredonda de Gredos--Hostal Almanzor
2021-06-30 22:15Sierra de las Nieves PNat--Conejeras1
2021-07-13 21:16Río Hondo--Altamiros y Chamartín2
2021-07-08 22:30Peñaflor de Hornija--Nava1
2021-07-13 23:00Simancas1
2021-07-22 20:21Arévalo--Pinares del Arevalillo4
2021-07-28 20:11Río Adaja--Arévalo (sur)2
2021-07-21 07:08Embalse de las Cogotas1
2021-07-18 07:30Castronuevo de Esgueva1
2021-06-30 22:10Portillo--Pinar de las Arenas1
2021-07-02 21:00Cebreros--Llanos de la Herradura1
2021-07-07 09:51Montaña Palentina PNat--Embalse de Ruesga1
2021-07-15 21:43The Lizard NNR--Goonhilly Downs3
2021-07-23 21:39Aguilar de Campóo--Gama y Valdegama3
2021-07-25 21:15Peñafiel--Lagunas de Padilla1
2021-07-05 17:59Miengo--Canteras de Cuchía6
2021-07-17 06:17Altos del Hontanar1
2021-07-16 16:00Puerto de Canencia1
2021-07-17 18:38Collado abierto1
2021-07-16 22:30Merindad de Valdeporres--Área General1
2021-07-18 22:13Hoces Ebro Rudrón PNat--Arreba1
2021-06-30 22:20Alto la Varga1
2021-07-01 22:25Cojóbar--Área General1
2021-07-22 23:15Burgos--Fuentesblancas1
2021-07-28 21:55Modúbares--Área general1
2021-07-22 23:20Olmos de Atapuerca--Quejigar y alrededores1
2021-07-16 22:05Villarcayo--Área General1
2021-07-18 23:00Comarca la Bureba--Reinoso1
2021-07-11 07:55Armañón PNat--Peña de Ranero, Carranza1
2021-07-20 23:00Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas PNat--Los Rasos2
2021-07-25 22:10Rebollar de Navalpotro, ZEC2
2021-07-24 22:05Carbonera de Frentes2
2021-07-14 05:05Elorrio1
2021-07-11 12:04Fuentecantos--Graveras.1
2021-07-17 22:33Urkulu1
2021-07-03 22:06Clavijo--Área general
2021-07-05 22:00Campiña Zarautz-Getaria5
2021-07-19 22:05Arre--Larzabal1
2021-07-12 22:30Ojos Negros TM1
2021-07-02 19:42Laguna de Gallocanta--Área general1
2021-07-17 19:00Crabtree Hill3
2021-07-29 06:00Mendioroz--Txorrotxaga1
2021-07-02 22:00Meathop Moss CWT NR1
2021-06-30 18:10Holton Lee1
2021-07-23 11:55Upton Heath DWT NR2
2021-07-21 20:28Corfe and Barrow Hills LNR--Corfe Hills North4
2021-07-16 19:38Dunyeats Heath SSSI7
2021-07-19 22:15Forêt de Renne--Carrefour du bandit2
2021-07-13 21:30Holt Heath NNR2
2021-07-20 20:45Talbot Heath3
2021-07-14 20:52Ferndown Common SSSI6
2021-07-21 10:03Parley Common2
2021-07-02 07:24St Stephens Castle1
2021-07-10 22:34Moors Valley Country Park1
2021-07-02 22:00Coward's Marsh1
2021-07-24 21:30New Forest NP--Fritham Track4
2021-07-25 07:16Sacañet--Puerto de la Bellida2
2021-07-13 22:00Ansó--Pueblo1
2021-07-18 20:39Agüero1
2021-07-22 23:20Ventas de Muniesa2
2021-07-27 20:54Windgather Rocks1
2021-07-07 22:13Embalse de La Sotonera--Presa1
2021-07-28 09:03New Forest NP--Pig Bush Inclosure1
2021-07-08 21:15Tintwistle Knarr3
2021-07-17 18:20Carrascal de la Font Roja PNat--Font de Tetuan2
2021-07-10 19:50Valles Occidentales PNat--Refugio de Lizara1
2021-07-25 17:21Farlete--Partasona1
2021-07-11 06:35Benifallim1
2021-07-14 11:14Embalse de Valdabra1
2021-07-20 21:30Snelsmore Common2
2021-07-16 21:54L'Albufera PNat--Devesa de l'Albufera1
2021-07-24 06:05Escarrilla1
2021-07-26 20:30Stainburn Forest (WT)3
2021-07-02 20:30Crowthorne Wood1
2021-07-06 21:20Budby Common2
2021-07-19 20:00Crooksbury Common4
2021-07-09 06:38Thursley NNR1
2021-07-21 21:48Witley Common (Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust Reserve)6
2021-07-08 20:45Whitmoor Common SSSI4
2021-07-15 20:00Chobham Common NNR--North2
2021-07-21 20:25Hatfield Moors SSSI--Packards South3
2021-07-07 20:20Hatfield Moors SSI--Kilham West1
2021-07-19 19:46Hatfield Moors SSSI
2021-07-21 21:36Blackheath Common and SSSI2
2021-07-21 14:15Humberhead Peatlands NNR--Thorne Moors4
2021-07-07 21:39Hurt Wood2
2021-07-01 22:09Panzoult (ville)1
2021-07-21 20:07Ashdown Forest--Hindleap Warren1
2021-07-02 19:08Ashdown Forest--Old Lodge LNR1
2021-07-22 19:30Boumort RNC--Area general1
2021-07-12 21:54Dersingham Bog NNR9
2021-06-30 21:26The King's Forest2
2021-07-10 03:33Cockley Cley Parish2
2021-07-21 21:19Kings Wood (Challock)2
2021-07-22 21:00Collserola PNat--Can Ferriol5
2021-07-08 21:30Kelling Heath3
2021-07-02 00:18Vilassar de Dalt--Barri San Pantaleón1
2021-07-02 20:30Upper Hollesley Common4
2021-07-05 09:48Son Quint / Vall del Silenci1
2021-07-22 20:47Westleton Heath NNR1
2021-07-16 21:45Dunwich Forest5
2021-07-28 10:32Winterton Dunes NNR1
2021-07-01 22:47Puéchabon--Mas Basile1
2021-07-21 17:00Punta de s'Escullar1
2021-07-09 22:16Kampina--Huisvennen5
2021-07-02 22:17Leenderbos--Dorven14
2021-07-21 21:50Leenderbos--Klein Hasselsven17
2021-07-20 08:18National Park De Hoge Veluwe1
2021-07-21 21:30Domaine des Courmettes (A Rocha)1
2021-07-09 20:21Drover Heide (Europ. Vogelschutzgebiet)3
2021-06-30 18:57Drents-Friese Wold
2021-07-11 20:32Mehlinger Heide4
2021-07-14 15:56Runde1
2021-07-08 23:00Campulongu2
2021-07-12 23:00Marbæk Plantage3
2021-07-02 09:28Kirkøy--Holtekilen1
2021-07-20 18:31Secovlje Salina Nature Park - South2
2021-07-22 21:22Kamenjak3
2021-07-03 18:34Volovja reber5
2021-07-02 22:50Lieberoser Endmoräne--Sukzessionspark4
2021-07-13 21:06CHKO Kokořínsko--Vrchbělá2
2021-07-02 19:25PP Vojenské cvičiště Bzenec2
2021-07-23 19:27Bór Biskupi--sand quarry3
2021-07-21 21:15Błędów Desert Ecological Park--southern area2
2021-07-22 16:52Lake Kerkini NP6
2021-07-26 16:30Lake Volvi and Koroneia National Park--Apollonia1
2021-07-16 20:53Nea Stira - Diliso2
2021-07-23 05:39Drama-Paranesti1
2021-07-12 03:44Porto Lagos beach1
2021-07-15 07:00Samothraki--Samothraki Island1
2021-07-22 17:53Ikaalinen--Seitseminen National Park1
2021-07-09 22:30Rusenski Lom Nature Park--General Area1
2021-07-18 18:00Evros Delta National Park1
2021-07-17 08:00Espoo--Kytö1
2021-07-29 04:18Chernitsa Reservoir1
2021-07-24 01:08Denizkoy1
2021-07-24 05:00ÖKA - Kocaçay Deltası - Genel Alan1
2021-07-22 10:06д. Вежи (Viežy village)1
2021-07-26 18:15Belgrad Ormanı--Neşet suyu
2021-07-09 21:15ÖKA Boğaziçi--Riva Köyü5
2021-07-19 21:48Aladağlar MP--Emli Vadi1
2021-07-26 20:30Be'et Shean Valley--general area עמק בית שאן אזור כללי2
2021-07-04 05:30Kfar Ruppin western fields כפר רופין שדות מערביים3
2021-07-03 21:25Maoz Hayim fields שדות מעוז חיים4
2021-07-12 18:00Yaraşlı Mahallesi1
2021-07-28 18:20Hancağız Barajı3
2021-07-03 11:57Между Нова Вожойка и Селычка (Between Nova Vozhoyka and Selychka)3
2021-07-26 00:59红杨林 (Hongyanglin)5