The rufous-naped wren (Campylorhynchus rufinucha) is a songbird of the Troglodytidae family, the wrens. It is a resident breeding species from central-southwest Mexico to northwestern Costa Rica.

This large wren breeds in lowlands and foothills from sea level up to 800 m (2,600 ft) altitude in forest or open woodland, scrub, second growth and savanna. It is found mainly on the Pacific side of the central mountain ranges. Its spherical nest has a side entrance and is lined with seed down. It is constructed 1.5 to 8 m (4.9–26.2 ft) high in thorny trees or shrubs, especially bull’s-horn acacia. This species sometimes nests close to the nests of wasps and there is experimental evidence that those that do so are afforded substantial protection from predation by doing so.

The female alone incubates the three to five brown- or black-spotted white eggs for about two weeks until hatching, and the young fledge after about the same length of time again. After breeding, families sleep together in dormitory nests like those used for breeding.



The adult rufous-naped wren is 17 cm (6.7 in) long and weighs 36 g (1.3 oz). It has a black crown and eyestripe separated by a strong white supercilium, a rufous nape, and cinnamon-brown upperparts streaked with black and white, especially on the rump. The wings and tail are barred with black and greyish-white. The underparts are white. Young birds have duller upperparts and buff underparts.

This species has a short rasping call. The song is a mix of rich whistles, chatters and gurgles often given as a duet.

The rufous-naped wren forages actively in low vegetation in pairs or family groups. It eats mainly insects, spiders and other invertebrates. This species is often tame and inquisitive.

Three main populations vary markedly in size and coloration, and may represent separate species: Veracruz wren (restricted to central coastal Veracruz), rufous-naped wren (north and west from western Chiapas), and rufous-backed wren (south and east from western Chiapas).



Rufous-naped Wren
Date Location Count
2020-08-05 05:38Residencial Santa Mónica (Acceso Restringido)2
2020-08-01 10:35Residencial Campisa (Acceso Restringido)3
2020-07-11 06:39Finca Villa Julia (Acceso Restringido)2
2020-07-28 05:29Reserva Natural Privada Luna del Puente1
2020-07-28 09:54Lago Yojoa--Parque Los Naranjos8
2020-07-25 12:59Lago Yojoa--Sector Agua Azul1
2020-07-13 05:31PN La Tigra4
2020-07-12 07:15Zamorano Univ.--CZB parche bosque 9.5 ha, Quebrada el Gallo en Florencia 210
2020-08-07 08:14Zamorano Univ.--Zona 2 Agricultura Intensiva Ruta Monitoreo4
2020-08-07 09:13Zamorano Univ.--Campus Farms and River 740-815 msnm6
2020-07-13 07:05Laguna El Pedregal3
2020-08-05 16:14Sitio Arqueológico Rastrojón y Hotel Clarion1
2020-08-02 05:42Calle al sur de El Tizatillo (transecto de 9 kms)12
2020-08-02 06:30Poza del Lagarto1
2020-07-10 11:00Santa Rosalia Marmol2
2020-07-24 05:45Aldea Las Anonas [Carretera de 6 Kms]5
2020-07-19 05:47Laguna Resort, La Trinidad10
2020-07-22 07:00Playa Juan Angel--Desembocadura Río San Isidro8
2020-07-30 07:35Playa Chachalacas--Dunas2
2020-07-19 07:45Pinares San Rafael del Norte1
2020-07-11 07:07Río La Antigua—Paso Mariano4
2020-07-19 07:02Laguna Miradores8
2020-08-05 05:49La Laguna-Valcanes7
2020-07-26 07:10Cerro de Tepeapulco7
2020-07-26 08:13Reserva Natural Xocotitla4
2020-08-02 13:42Bosque Cinquera2
2020-07-26 10:14Laguna Cuscachapa9
2020-08-07 09:37Ecoparque El Espino3
2020-07-16 05:56Finca El Espino3
2020-07-21 07:15Finca El Amate2
2020-07-13 06:07RNP Los Tarrales--potreros antes de la entrada2
2020-07-29 08:14RNP Los Tarrales--sendero a la playa y laguna2
2020-08-07 13:19Finca La Gracia4
2020-08-06 07:00Barra Salada estero y manglar7
2020-08-06 06:30Las Veraneras5
2020-07-18 08:49Reserva Natural Chocoyero El Brujo6
2020-07-31 06:55Barra del río Achiguate3
2020-08-07 15:31Reserva Privada Concepción de María4
2020-07-31 09:59PN Sipacate-Naranjo4
2020-07-20 05:49Las Trancas farm fields (Rt 254 to Playa Panama)5
2020-07-12 07:27Bebedero Road2
2020-08-06 07:30San Luis de Grecia3
2020-07-12 06:39Doka Estates Coffee Tour2
2020-07-30 15:31Hacienda El Viejo Wetlands1
2020-07-11 11:20Playa Dantita2
2020-07-23 07:01Finca Rosa Blanca2
2020-08-01 06:12UNA--Centro Recreativo3
2020-07-26 06:00Parque Recreativo Municipal Los Chorros3
2020-07-28 17:14Hotel Bougainvillea
2020-08-02 09:49Alajuela Walmart Woods22
2020-07-22 15:30Alto Barrantes, Santiago2
2020-07-22 11:32Cariari Country Club (Belén)2
2020-07-10 16:19Parque Ecologico Rufino Tamayo1
2020-08-03 05:34Parque Metropolitano La Sabana3
2020-08-07 07:57Refugio Nacional de Vida Silvestre Cipanci2
2020-07-23 05:32El Rodeo--Calle Pasto8
2020-07-20 08:12Turubari Park5
2020-08-04 08:00PN Carara (Localidad General)--historical please use other hotspots4
2020-07-27 12:10PN Carara--Sendero Quebrada Bonita2
2020-07-13 11:38Tárcoles--Playa Azul8
2020-07-09 11:26Road from Villa Lapas to Pura Vida Waterfall Gardens1
2020-07-24 06:00Tárcoles--localidad general6
2020-07-18 07:15Villa Lapas4
2020-08-07 07:37Macaw Lodge2
2020-08-01 12:10Las Salinas, Paquera3
2020-07-25 01:47Road To Finca Gavilan, Tarcoles.4
2020-07-26 09:42Mastatal3
2020-07-29 07:10Laguna Ventanilla4
2020-07-23 07:00Punta Leona Resort--forest reserve2
2020-08-05 14:47Reserva Biológica Nosara (Lagarta)2
2020-08-04 06:45Rio Nosara estuary10
2020-08-03 07:13Playa Pelada2
2020-08-06 06:46Playa Guiones4
2020-08-07 17:06Punta Islita--The Ara Project2
2020-07-25 16:18Playa Carrillo2
2020-07-28 06:34Sámara2
2020-07-31 06:09Playa Garza4
2020-07-26 06:30Jacó--Humedales Quebrada Bonita2
2020-07-13 13:40PN Marino Ballena--Playa Uvita1